The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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Commas when explaining what another sentence “says”

I was editing some text for an open source math book today, and came across this sentence: The previous 8 axioms have basically said "these numbers are all natural numbers." This next and final ...
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32 views

Should I use a comma in this sentence [on hold]

Should I use a comma before can As a further research the relation of whether a firm has adopted IT framework and the number of failed IT investment projects, can be empirically examined.
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38 views

Comma between attribute tuples [on hold]

Consider the following sample sentence: Peter is pretty tolerant and mostly good-humoured, free-spirited and good to talk to. I want to say that Peter has all four attributes ("tolerant", ...
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39 views

Use of Oxford comma to separate two words [on hold]

I know that Oxford comma is not normally used to separate two words. However, can it be used when I want to indicate that the last of two words or subjects have some property that the last doesn't. ...
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1answer
33 views

Are commas needed to set off the word “then” in the following sentence? [on hold]

What, then, could be more wonderful than to have a faithful friend?
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36 views

comma with phrases that use “yet”

I am using a sentence of the following form in a formal document. This paper shows strong, yet very circuitous, analysis. The sentence is expected to express that the analysis is strong but ...
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20 views

Is it best to use a comma following an inline address? [duplicate]

Is it proper to include a comma at the very end of an inline place address? Also, in case it is relevant, the sentence is the title of an article. For example: Examples of cross-gene ...
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22 views

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? [closed]

I need to get started fast, though, because his mom, Mim, will be home in about an hour.
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67 views

Is Ann Patchett married to her dog? [closed]

In a short review on the occasion of the release of her new book in paperback, This Is The Story of a Happy Marriage, by Ann Patchett, the New York Times reviewer wrote: These sparkling personal ...
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22 views

Grammar check of story [closed]

Can someone proofread the following? The story: Computer Land By me He was talking to himself about stuff like "shaped portal" and "nether" when he disappeared. He didn't exactly "disappear", it ...
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1answer
36 views

Comma before adverbials

A friend asked me about a comma in the following sentence: The project took place in several centers between January and February. Should there be one between centers and between? I really am not ...
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18 views

comma/comma-splice in “inexpensive, but effective, resources”?

"inexpensive, but effective, resources" Is comma needed in the above? It is clear, X destroys homes, businesses. Can comma splices be used instead of "that" and "and" in above?
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22 views

May a comma be placed before a subordinating conjunction following a list in order to avoid ambiguity?

Example with nonsensical language, but relevant syntax: The authors have emphasized (a) how to study the skrill, (b) where to chip the transom and (c) how children ask questions, in order to ...
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Comma in “Experiencing P as well as Q, changed D”

Experiencing both sides of the X versus Y argument as someone who used both as well as both sides of the A versus B argument as a professional, altered my view of C. Is the last comma in this ...
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2answers
39 views

Comma usage: City and State / Full Date [duplicate]

Can we eliminate the comma after "2014" and "Indiana" below? The year and state are not parenthetical, and besides, the comma slows down the flow of the sentence. I think the two sentences below are ...
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39 views

Use of article before government/public [closed]

S1: John agreed with government’s position. S2 John studies Indian government's letter. S3: John studies US government's letter. Isn't using definite article before government in this ...
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2answers
43 views

comma after wh word phrase [duplicate]

Do we need a comma in the following sentence? What encourages me more to do that [,] is that I am interested in science.
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1answer
33 views

Comma use in a list where all the items are new [closed]

Which one is appropriate: 1) He was given a new bat, ball, and glove. 2) He was given a new, bat, ball, and glove 3) He was given a new bat, a new ball, and a new glove.
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Should there be a comma before “if” in this sentence?

"I was home-schooled in middle school, if that counts." I think that without the comma, the sentence implies that the speaker was home-schooled in middle school only if "that" counts, whereas with ...
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1answer
188 views

Two pairs of items and three times and. How to put the comma?

I'm just proofreading my thesis a last time and I stumbled upon the following (I'm nonnative english speaker): To describe the flow of two fluids with saturations S and T and pressures P and Q, we ...
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1answer
18 views

Take vs taking - Which is more appropriate here?

Having a small confusion between the following sentences: "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, and takes you on a mystical journey..." OR "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, ...
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21 views

placement of descriptive clause in the sentence?

S1. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice by Y, which limits growth. S2. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice, which limits growth, by Y. In this sentence the descriptive ...
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1answer
61 views

Issue with the subject-verb agreement in the nonrestrictive clause?

Reading was very important to John's parents, both of them firsts in their families to go to college. Is the nonrestrictive/relative clause "both of them firsts in their families to go to ...
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1answer
39 views

Commas in a hyphenated series

I would like to make a statement to the effect of: The coating contains durable wind-, rain-, and chemical-resistant compounds. Can someone please provide guidance on the proper use of commas in ...
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1answer
64 views

What is the correct punctuation to use in the following complex sentence?

Understanding this sentence does, of course, rely heavily on the contextual information provided by my essay. However, I am unsure if I have punctuated this sentence correctly or at all in the right ...
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1answer
33 views

Usage of comma and articles

I am not sure if the usage of comma and articles are correct in the sentence below. More specifically: is the comma justified in '... a Master of X degree, from XYZ ...' does 'a Master of X degree' ...
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Fragments and Full Sentences.

"Popular museum located in an old warehouse." Is this a complete sentence? I feel it could become one by changing it to "A popular museum, located in an old warehouse."
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The use of a comma, bracket or nothing?

Firstly, as far as I am aware, 'unjustifiability' is not an actual English word. However, is it ok to use it within the contexts of a philosophy essay? The The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy on ...
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25 views

When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
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3answers
138 views

past perfect tense and comma usage in Churchill's book

I'm reading a book called "My early life" by Winston Churchill. "I was working in the saloon of the Indiaman, and had reached an exciting point in my story." 1) why did he put comma before "and had ...
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1answer
27 views

where should the comma be if the clause is not independent?

I have heard this about the comma before and. Generally speaking, you want to use a comma in sentences made of two independent clauses connected by one of the following seven coordinating ...
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2answers
38 views

Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
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4answers
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Complete the job, as directed. There is a comma. why?

The following sentences both say that you have been directed to do a job: Complete the job, as directed. vs Complete the job as directed. But which of the two sentences above will assert ...
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47 views

Comma in “Hello Michael” [duplicate]

Should comma be used in sentences like "Hello, Michael" / "Hello Michael" ? For example, there is a wikipedia article Hello, sailor (with comma), but it mentions two different books, a band, and two ...
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“Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape”

He teaches Potions, but he doesn't want to—everyone knows he's after Quirrell's job. Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape. From time to time I stumble upon this type of speech with ...
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When should I use a comma before a prepositional phrase?

Can someone please give me some examples of when I should and should not use a comma before a prepositional phrase? These are some of the sentences that I am having trouble with: These are the ...
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49 views

Comma usage while explaining a single word

Consider the following sentence: The French word entrailles means inward. Is it advisable to surround entrailles with commas in this case like this? The French word, entrailles, means inward. Or ...
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50 views

Comma usage in sentence

In the following example, should a comma be used after the word* mouth*? A bumblebee flew into Peter's open mouth is the independent clause, and I believe that if a dependent clause or phrase comes ...
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173 views

Does this sentence require a comma somewhere?

Mark Twain understood that lampooning a bad idea with humor was the most effective criticism. I just can't help but feel there's a comma in there somewhere, but I can't figure it out!!
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45 views

.comma / surprising / capitalization [closed]

I'm not a native English speaker, and I have specific concerns about the following text: After starting my education in Veterinary Medicine and beginning to know diseases and issues that cause ...
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2answers
61 views

Is a comma required between two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

A colleague in our department has written a comma assessment for our students. One of the sentences in the assessment is Instead the topic became one of contention and before dinner was over she ...
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3answers
53 views

Should I use comma, or dashes, or braces here?

Should I enclose 'red and blue' inside comma, or dashes, or braces? He spent several days wandering and collecting flowers (red and blue), and analyzed the results to prove his point. OR ...
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1answer
29 views

What does the comma before the conjunction “or” mean in the following sentence (i.e. “…Software, or to create a business…”)?

What does the comma before the conjunction "or" mean in the following sentence (i.e. "...Software, or to create a business...")? You have no right to resell our Content or media from any source, as ...
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2answers
35 views

“By the time …”, does this need a comma afterwards? [closed]

I came across this sentence in a book: "By the time he died Faraday had helped to create..." Don't you think you should put a comma after "died"?
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35 views

When to use Comma before coordinating conjunctions?

So I understand that serial comma (the one used before and/or) is used only when we have 3 or more items to be separated using and/or. What exactly is the rule that governs where to add comma before ...
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34 views

A comma after well

In the headline "Dread working out? Well we love it!" Isn't there a comma after "well"? Shouldn't it read "Well, we love it!"
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52 views

Comma vs ellipsis in formal writing

Which of the following is the most acceptable construction in formal written English: Think of words like sin, din, bin...the list goes on. Think of words like sin, din, bin, the list goes on. Think ...
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52 views

place of comma before “for” when it can be interpreted as “because”

The following sentence is considered correct, "As I turned around, I heard a loud thump, for the cat had upset the goldfish bowl." (taken from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/exercises/3/5/23/answer) ...
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About the use of comma in a scientific article

Im writing a PhD research article on psychology. Im describing a number of formulation categories, each of which has been constructed using a particular way of explaining things, we call these ways ...
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Comma usage dilemma

What I want to say is that the church would be your hospital, the holy water would be your medicine, and the priest would be your doctor. But since "would be" seems too overused and redundant in the ...