Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Comma usage and properly identifying clauses in sentence

I cannot figure out whether or not I need a comma between the word "cigarettes" and "according" in the following sentence: More college students are using marijuana daily than smoking cigarettes ...
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Using adverb clauses of time correctly

Is it always possible to move an adverb clause within a sentence? Are both of the following sentences correct? When/after she had left, I sat to write. I sat to write when/after she had left.
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Should you follow parallelism even if you're only connecting 2 clauses/phrases?

Is the following sentence parallel? "The program commenced with the speaker explaining the definition of recollection, which means reuniting with God and that we need to have faith in Him." If I ...
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Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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Adverbial clauses or Gerunds! Which one is this?

In my King James Bible, I have found some words which look like Gerunds but they really are not, or at least they don't make sense when they get turned into nouns. Take a look at these examples: ...
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Adverbial clause modification with an infinitive

Given the sentence I am unable to join you while I am on vacation "While I am on vacation" is an adverbial clause supplying the time when this sentence is true. But, does this clause modify the ...
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Comma before where when the clause is at the end of the sentence

Please tell me if I should place a comma before the word where in the two sentences below. I would like to work for you since I’m interested in working in a leading international school with ...
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Is adding a that clause to these clauses valid?

I am unsure whether I can use that-clauses or zero-that-clauses like this: I noticed (that) when we heard (that) to make noise would be forbidden was surprising. I told him (that) what I saw ...
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Clause confusion

I am studying SFL grammar and I have this sentence that I need to break down into clauses and say what type of clauses they are. Studies show that when caught by fishermen, sea trout are more ...
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adverbials part II… I left the building with him…

Can one say a. I left the kitchen with the water running. b. I went to his house with my brother in jail. c. I went out of the bedroom with her naked. d. I left the building with my brother ...
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What to call a brief sentence that comes before/after the main clause with only a comma

Here is my passage. I believe I'm doing it right, but I'm not sure why. Does this have a specific name? It doesn't seem like an interjection to me, so I'm not sure why I'm so comfortable using a ...
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Indirect question vs objective clause

Which is right: Do you think it's a good idea to visit in mid August? Or Do you think if it's a good idea to visit in mid August? On one hand, if viewed as indirect question, if should ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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Clause identification problem

The sentence is as follows: "All we do is just fight." My opinion is the only essential component that a clause should have is a verb. Therefore, an analysis of the sentence above would be that ...
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Should I use commas to delimit a clause that starts with “related to”

I have the following comment in my programming code: pop and store data related to nested objects from validated_data I wonder, should the related to nested objects clause be surrounded by ...
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How to analyse the sentence: “Crap” is just a way for old people to say “rap”

“Crap” is just a way for old people to say “rap” By means of clause elements, I am thinking: Crap: subject is: copula just: adverbial And then I don't really know... is 'a way for old people ...
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Adverbial or complement

I'm currently learning about the adverbial and complement components of a clause. My book says that "CEO" is the complement in this sentence: "The company made him CEO". I took this to mean ...
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Is this a comma splice? “I didn't just win, I beat the boss.”

I was wondering whether "I didn't just win." can function as an independent clause or not. Is it better to use a comma or a semi-colon between the two phrases like this "I didn't just win; I beat the ...
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Is this an independent clause? “I didn't just win.”

"I didn't just win." Is this an independent clause that can be followed by a semi-colon then another independent clause or should it be followed by a comma and an independent clause? For example can ...
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Identify the subject and predicative verbs of this clause

Can you help me in locating the subject and the predicative verb of this dependent clause? If by the time you graduate you still can't read and write well
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POS for “Just when [you thought…]”

I'm having a brain fart. Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the water Can you remind me what "Just when" is? It changes "You thought it was safe to go back in the water" from an ...
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Can I treat “after” in this sentence as a conjunction instead of a preposition?

I met up a choice question recently: The boy dived into the water and after ___ seemed to be a long time, he came up again. A.what B.that C.it D.which The answer says A is correct. According ...
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Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...
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Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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Verbs that can be used with “that” clause

Are there restrictions on verbs that can be used with a that clause? (I've been searching for some time and can't find a definite answer, but the first answer in this post and this link to tensed ...