Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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How to categorize this phrase. Relative clause, Interrogative clause, Adverbial clause?

What is "Where to go" in the sentence "Where to go is the question." Is it a adverbial phrase or a relative clause? And what is "Why go" in the sentence "Why go when you can stay?" - is it a clause?
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2answers
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Using adverb clauses of time correctly

Is it always possible to move an adverb clause within a sentence? Are both of the following sentences correct? When/after she had left, I sat to write. I sat to write when/after she had left.
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1answer
64 views

Shifting position of a noun clause within a sentence

I came across the following odd-sounding sentence while reading The Time Machine by H. G. Wells: But how the trick was done he could not explain. In this sentence, the clause 'how the ...
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1answer
92 views

using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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0answers
36 views

Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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0answers
196 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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74 views

Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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0answers
49 views

Main clause in conditional sentences of the form: If _, then _

Many sources say that coordinating conjunctions are limited to seven: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. If is a subordinating conjunction, hence If _ is a subordinate clause. However, then isn't ...
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37 views

correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...
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0answers
46 views

Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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0answers
29 views

Comma before “where” – “produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? Essential clause?

Comma placement before “where” – “Gradual deformations of a tendon can produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes in echo intensity can be observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? ...