Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Separating Clauses in Garden-path Sentences

While Nancy was dressing the baby played in the garden. I'm not sure where the first clause ends! After baby or after dressing? Please, suggest some way I can improve that sentence.
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What type of clause is this?

Can anyone say what type of clause this is — noun, adjective or adverbial? I am glad that you have passed the test. Some people say that it is a noun clause. But I am not sure. What is the ...
2
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3answers
567 views

Multiple 'as' (subordinate conjunction) in the same sentence [closed]

Performance is poor as losses have increased and are projected to remain negative going forward as the company works through problem assets and realizes related expense. Is this sentence correct? ...
2
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4answers
389 views

Ambiguity of “We discourage X from doing Y by using Z” [closed]

Given the sentence, We discourage people from committing crimes by using law enforcement, religion and education. I see two possible interpretations: [We discourage people by using law ...
2
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1answer
378 views

“Seeing the rain come on, we took shelter” — complex or simple sentence?

Seeing the rain come on, we took shelter. This sentence looks like a complex sentence with a main and an independent clause. But the book says it is a simple sentence. Which is correct?
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2answers
281 views

Comma in “more than $6 billion to settle a long-running lawsuit, in a pact that also permits”

Visa Inc., MasterCard Inc. and some large banks agreed to pay scores of retailers—from giant Publix Supermarkets Inc. to an interior-design store in Minnesota—more than $6 billion to settle a ...
3
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2answers
343 views

Is it grammatical to introduce a result clause using “then”?

Is it grammatical to introduce a result clause by using then as in these examples: Don’t be lazy – then you will fail. Don’t kill him – then you will regret it. If so, then is the then in these ...
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2answers
5k views

Position of prepositions in questions and clauses

I would like to know if there is any rule to know where prepositions should be placed in questions or clauses. For example, I have heard many sentences and some of them put the preposition in the ...
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3answers
767 views

Noun or non-finite subordinate clause?

Consider the following sentence: The government wants to encourage understanding of science. Now, "to encourage understanding of science" is a non-finite subordinate clause functioning as an ...
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2answers
6k views

How to punctuate an example indicated by “say”

I'm wondering how commas should be placed around the word "say" and the following clause in a sentence like this: If you have, say, a bucket, that you would like to fill with water, then ... ...
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2answers
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“Come + X” construct

I've come across the "come + X" construct in a passage of a New York Times article. Here it is (emphasis added): Politicians like to keep the fiscal levers in their hands come election time ...
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2answers
115 views

How to combine “a book about X” with “people are interested in how X works”? [closed]

I would like to know how to correctly combine the sentence 1. with the sentence 2. People are interested in how these algorithms work. I am writing a book about algorithms... [here I need to ...
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2answers
7k views

Comma after To at the beginning of a sentence

I am just writing my master thesis and I am unsure whether to place a comma in sentences starting with "To". Here are some examples: To be able to improve the performance[,] it is important to ...
2
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2answers
206 views

attributive clauses puzzle me a lot sometimes

Are the following two sentences interchangeable? "I keep her photo on my desk, which means I do not forget her. versus "I keep her photo on my desk, meaning I do not forget her. If ...
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6answers
3k views

Is a dependent clause part of the superordinate clause's predicate?

Could you please help me determine what the complete predicate is in the following sentence? I get the willies when I see closed doors. — Joseph Heller, Something Happened. At first I thought ...
2
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5answers
295 views

Parsing possibility

What is the correct way to parse the following sentence: It is possible that one can be happy only if one can be free. Does the sentence say: It is possible that [one can be happy only if one can ...
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5answers
1k views

'How to' vs 'How do I'

This question is inspired by comments on a question on stackoverflow. The original poster wrote: How to correct this error? And comments say that it's an incorrect question. Better is How ...
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5answers
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Singular or plural verb form where subject includes a “parenthetical” element

My question arises from this one, where OP asks whether he should use the singular or plural verb form after "the title, as well as the tone," As luck would have it, when I searched Google Books for ...
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2answers
707 views

Is the use of dependent clauses undesirable? (in scientific writing)

I tend to use dependent clauses frequently in scientific writing. This is especially true when discussing a problem-solving process where the result from one step leads into the next. Here's a ...
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3answers
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What is a noun modifying clause?

This is actually a question that came up when I was studying Japanese. Unfortunately my grasp of the technical language of syntax is very limited, and I never fully comprehended the idea of a noun ...
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2answers
1k views

How do noun clauses work when they seem to leave no independent clause?

Another thing that was raised in conversation with my ESL friend is noun clauses. I was aware of Adverbial and Adjectival Clauses and thought that the things he was demonstrating to me were in fact ...
4
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2answers
430 views

What is the meaning of the subclause of 'goes off the deep end'?

If a real-time program goes off the deep end, the system can become unresponsive.
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2answers
429 views

How to join the conclusion to the sentence?

I am in the process of creating a post on one of the other Stackexchange sites, and I came across something I've been wanting to ask for a while: When I VPN to work from my Windows desktop, I ...
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2answers
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How to determine what an attributive clause modifies

I was wondering how to determine what an attributive clause modifies? For example: It has been associated with neoclassical economics and with the neoclassical synthesis, which combines ...
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4answers
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Where to insert comma(s)?

Compare these: She tried, and, as expected, failed. She tried, and as expected, failed. She tried and, as expected, failed. She tried and as expected, failed. She tried and (as ...