Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Is a final comma necessary when describing a description?

Sorry, the title is a bit confusing... basically, which of the following is correct? Without a comma: Cory Doctorow, author of Little Brother, the book you had me read during a camping trip which ...
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1answer
224 views

clause elements: Matrix clause

The sentence Although they looked totally inconspicuous at first glance, we knew they are unique and special. is given. Now, what I though is that "Although they looked totally inconspicuous at ...
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Can an independent clause have an implied (or null) subject?

I'm trying to determine whether a clause with an implied subject can be considered independent - specifically in the case of compound sentences. For example: "I was tired, but went to the party ...
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2answers
149 views

Should I omit the verb in this clause?

"As I returned to my seat, my heart (was) still racing, other kids started to talk to me." Is the "was" necessary at all? As an ESL student, I was rather confused as to why my teacher had marked me ...
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1answer
622 views

Example for “so” as a subordinating conjunction

On a webpage called Daily Writing Tips there is a list of 25 subordinating conjunctions including so. The example they're giving is this: “So sure were you of your theory about them, you ignored ...
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1answer
2k views

A trail of colons

I find I often, when writing, want to string colons together. Here is a recent example: These two moments would be likely candidates for retelling: they both connect the people of San Andrés ...
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2answers
583 views

double negation: unless followed by a negative verb form

"We will not cancel the game if the weather gets better." Replacing "if" with "unless", you end up with either: "We will cancel the game unless the weather gets better." or "We will not cancel the ...
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228 views

Can I use the word “not” after a preposition?

Can I write something like: among people from that country and among people from not I know it can be easily rewritten as: among people that are from the country and among people that are ...
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561 views

verbs not followed by that clauses

Where can I find a list of verbs like 'to want', which must be followed by an infinitive (other verbs by a gerund), but cannot be followed by a that-clause? I got from your website that there are ...
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What is the difference between “excuse me” and “forgive me”?

I am hesitated when I use the sentence "forgive my fault, please." instead of "excuse me, please." because the word "forgive" has a religious theme and probably carries some additional meanings. Also ...
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54 views

when relative clauses is needed

Some native speakers corrected sentence A to sentence B in my essay. Could anyone explain why here "brings to" is needed? A. The problem of foreign language class at primary school is the ...
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4answers
8k views

“Adverbial phrase” vs “Adverbial clause”

Please tell me what the difference is between an adverbial phrase and an adverbial clause.
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601 views

“I like it that” vs. “I like that”

I want to express the following: You are blaming me for your lack of concern and I like that (in a sarcastic way). Which one of the following sentences would be correct? I like it that your ...
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3answers
25k views

The difference between a clause and a phrase?

This question What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? has an answer, with no embedded examples. The link it provides is not longer active, giving a 404 page not found error. Please don't ...
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1answer
256 views

Adverbial clause of concession in brackets?

I am doing a formal scientific paper writing and unsure of the following sentence: The representatives are visualized as the skeleton of the corridors (not necessarily the centerlines though). ...
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1answer
217 views

Restrictive relative clause or non-restrictive relative clause?

I am wondering whether to use a restrictive relative clause such as: "Multicopters belong to a family of aircraft called rotorcraft , which also includes helicopters, and although they appear to be ...
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2answers
150 views

“while I am dancing” vs “while I dance”

Which are more frequently used? 1A - I will be discussing the details while you are researching the data. 1B - I will be discussing the details while you research the data. and 2A - I ...
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2answers
143 views

the vs an/an + clauses

Here's the situation - I meet a friend and I tell her about yesterday Hey John! Hi Sarah! How was yesterday's trip? It was great. Karl took me to the country side to show me his new house. It ...
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1answer
340 views

Wish + tense agreement + subordinate clause [closed]

I wish I knew what he did/does for a living I wish I knew what he had/has bought her I wish I knew what he would/will do in this case I wish I'd known what he had done for a living I wish I'd ...
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2answers
637 views

“Non-restrictive appositive” vs. “non-defining relative clause”

Could you please kindly provide some explanation as to why the second option (B) is the only correct answer to the following question? And why is it not the case that both A and B could be correct ...
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642 views

Why is there no comma before “and” before this independent clause?

This was at a moment when the magistrate, overcome with tiredness, had gone down into the garden of his house and, dark, bent beneath some implacable thought, like Tarquin cutting the heads off ...
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2answers
236 views

On the usage of commas with nonessential clauses near the end of a sentence

How would you punctuate the following? A decent if long novel. As is. A decent, if long, novel. A decent, if long novel. I feel uncomfortable leaving the "novel" dangling at the end of the ...
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1answer
972 views

Lots of questions for a lot of clauses!

I am confused over the use of lots of vs lot of. I am phrasing a sentence having the following clause : [Article] [lot-of/lots-of] [noun singular/plural] [verb] ... As an example : A lot of ...
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3answers
2k views

When to add “the” before a noun followed with a clause

E.g. "Although they work in most cases, they cannot handle cases when a comment or script is broken by the cutting" Should I put "the" between "handle" and "cases"?
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1answer
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Non-finite clause complementation of complex transitive verbs

This question has been bothering me for a while. It came up when I was reading Chapter 16 of "A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language." How to explain the grammatical structure of the ...
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1answer
854 views

Must a coordinating clause always have a subject?

E.g., (1) You are getting yourselves into a very dangerous situation; get out of there at once. The imperative following the first clause has an implied subject, so would this mean it is a ...
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1answer
440 views

Use semicolon or period when telling a result of an action?

If you look at these sentences, the second one is result of the first: Alex shouts and feels pain in his leg, and he rubs the place with hand and looks at the leg. His leg swelled little bit. So ...
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1answer
286 views

Why is this that-clause a subordinate?

she was so tired that she couldn’t think. (Oxford) Oxford says that-clause above is a subordinate clause expressing a result. Semantically ‘she was tired’ seems to be the main clause, but there ...
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Is it proper to use “that” instead of “at which” to refer to speed?

On a physics assignment, I believe that these sentences are grammatically incorrect, but some other students disagree (especially on the second one). What is the maximum speed that the mass can be ...
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1answer
183 views

Comparing two juxtaposed elements by way of clause inversion?

What is this sort of sentence/style/literary device called? I'm sure it has a name. There is no love without forgiveness, and there is no forgiveness without love. It appears that a point is ...
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1answer
61 views

“Absent additional configuration” [closed]

I have come across the following sentence but it doesn't quite sound right. Absent additional configuration, permits will be distributed at a fixed rate. Is the first part of the sentence ...
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1answer
1k views

“Had decided to call” vs.“had decided that we should call”

I have a question regarding using "had decided". I'm not sure if I can use either an infinitive form of a verb or a modal verb: We had decided to call each other when we are in danger. We had ...
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3answers
12k views

Is a comma needed to offset a title?

If I were to try and describe a book called "Book", is this sentence grammatically correct? The book Book by Joe Bob is set in... I was told that this sentence is incorrect, that commas must ...
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1answer
3k views

Use of “what” vs “that”

The following sentence was on one of the tests: What would you like to do that others have told you is impossible. Students have asked why that could not be replaced with what. I.e., What ...
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1answer
240 views

the function of small clause

She went back to her homeland, her mind free of hate. (English Syntax and Argumentation, Bas Aarts) Aarts says the highlighted part is a small clause that has the role of adjunct. By the ...
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2answers
611 views

Can all transitive verbs take to-infinitive clauses?

Yet it would be your duty to bear it, if you could not avoid it: it is weak and silly to say you cannot bear what it is your fate to be required to bear. — Jane Eyre It seems ‘your fate to be ...
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328 views

Comma after a long introductory phrase

Please help me with commas in the following sentence: As an example of the successful use of such a model [,] one can mention SymPy computer algebra system [,] which uses Python as a main user ...
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3answers
11k views

Clauses, and comma before “nor”

Does this sentence have two independent clauses? I do not like biology nor do I like chemistry. To me the last clause seems dependent, but I find sources that tell me to place a comma before ...
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3answers
926 views

Can a “because clause” be a subject clause? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Sentence Construction: “Just Because … Does Not Mean” Consider the following sentence: Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean that they're not after you. The ...
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3answers
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Is the clause “chances are” grammatically correct?

You've most certainly heard this: Chances are, he overslept this morning. I realize the comma is a splice, but it's there only to emphasize the pause that usually accompanies it. When written ...
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6answers
582 views

Is there bad grammar in Cinemark's “No Texting” warning?

The sentence in question is "Do not be the person we ask to leave the auditorium, because we will." It sounds very wrong to me, but I can't put my finger on the exact problem. Nobody on the Internet ...
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1answer
769 views

Can a subordinate clause split subject and verb in the main clause?

E.g. are these correct? Following the rules, even if it's difficult, is essential. Following the rules, although it's difficult, is essential.
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5answers
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What meaning “Chip on their shoulder” takes here?

The context is below. Bansal is the famous coaching center to clear Engineering Entrance test. Bansal students had a chip on their shoulder, even though they weren't technically even in a college ...
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2answers
2k views

“It is only me that is” or “It is only I that am”

It is only me that is confused. or It is only I that am confused. The first one sounds more natural to me while the second one appears to me as grammatically correct. Which one is correct?
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722 views

Is this an independent clause?

From Nate Silver's "The signal and the noise:" The amount of information was increasing much more rapidly than our understanding of what to do with it, or our ability to differentiate the useful ...
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2answers
514 views

What kind of phrase/clause is “as far as I know”? [closed]

I would like to know what kind of phrase/clause "as far as I know" is, and why.
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3answers
144 views

Does inserting a comma change what is modified?

My question pertains to the usage of comma after a list of clauses of the form "X, Y, and Z (,) to/in order to <do something>" Example: Apply Equation 1, use Lemma 2, and exploit Theorem ...
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2answers
5k views

“while at the same time” + -ing form?

In following sentence, I'm not sure if I have to use the -ing form or the infinitive. I wanted to get rid of X, while at the same time not assuming/ assume that... The -ing form sounds better, ...
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1answer
199 views

Is this an attributive clause or an adverbial clause? [closed]

The radial-velocity method used Dr Dumusque and his colleagues will reveal the presence of a planet and its mass. This sentence is from an article at economist.com, and it's the first sentence ...
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449 views

Which are the main and subordinate clauses in this sentence?

Which are the main and subordinate clauses in the following sentence? Individual components do not directly depend on other components, which means that they can be more easily developed in ...