Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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How can “for” be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances?

How can for be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances? I cannot give you any money, for I have none. He deserved to succeed, for he worked hard. Blessed are the merciful, ...
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1answer
46 views

Using commas after clause starting with 'not'

I have the following sentence: He wanted to go to the park, not the city, for lunch Is the second comma needed?
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1answer
253 views

using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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1answer
308 views

Is there any good book talking about clauses and phrases?

All grammar books I found underplay clauses and phrases; examples they give are simple and easy to understand, but in reality there are lots of long sentences made up of several clauses and phrases ...
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0answers
100 views

Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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1answer
148 views

Does “gaping question” make sense?

The New York Times is running an article on the terror attacks in France that begins with "The government faced gaping questions over its failure..." Does the phrase "gaping question" actually make ...
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1answer
2k views

Proper usage of “From abc to xyz” with multiple nouns

Here is an example sentence: "All of my interactions with the community, from the movie that I watched with Joe in his office, to Robert's engaging recitation about songwriting, to my hallway ...
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2answers
135 views

Is the following a noun clause? [closed]

Breakfast made me feel sick. In the sentence, I understand that the subject is breakfast, and the verb is made, but is "made me feel sick" a noun clause or do these all start with wh** words?
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1answer
175 views

Use of commas with seemingly dependent clauses

I'd like to know whether or not the following examples are correct in relation to comma usage with independent/dependent clauses. Every time I come across examples to use commas in separating ...
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1answer
99 views

Comma splice question

is the following a comma splice? The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction. I know the first part before the ...
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2answers
700 views

Two if clauses in one sentence?

I am curious about whether sentences whose structure resembling that of those following sentences are still considered fine and commonly used. 1 . If you are planning to avoid rainy days would ...
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0answers
77 views

correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...
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1answer
930 views

When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
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2answers
128 views

What function does the clause exert in this sentence

I was surprised that he can fulfill his obligation. What confused me is the clause, being nominal, unable to modify neither "surprised" nor main clause in this sentence
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2answers
160 views

Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
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1answer
108 views

Semicolon and colon

I like cooking simple, nutritious food; and, eating out: sushi and miso soup. Is the comma after simple correct there and also correct removed? Is there a more common way, stylistically? Premise:...
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2answers
300 views

What's usage of 'to' following 'which' in a relative clause?

I see a sentence in a commercial article Then in 2006, Amazon launched its Elastic Compute cloud (EC2) as a commercial web service that allows small companies and individuals to rent computers ...
2
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1answer
224 views

Semi-colon or colon?

I'm writing a descriptive piece, and can't figure out whether this is grammatically correct, or whether I ought to place a semi-colon between "entry" and "crooked": "As I walked in using the cobbled ...
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2answers
117 views

Using adverb clauses of time correctly

Is it always possible to move an adverb clause within a sentence? Are both of the following sentences correct? When/after she had left, I sat to write. I sat to write when/after she had left.
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2answers
425 views

Why is it called zero conditional?

What's the meaning of the zero conditional or the first or the second .. Does it mean the form of the verb and what does that exactly mean does it mean infinitive although the present simple is used! ...
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0answers
64 views

Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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2answers
83 views

how to reduce an adjective clause

He is an artist who makes sculptures Reduced adjective clause: He is an artist making sculptures Is there any rule to rephrase as it should be? thanks!
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1answer
108 views

Give you or Give it to you [closed]

I will give you I will give it to you Which one is correct?
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1answer
725 views

Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
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2answers
600 views

Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
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3answers
151 views

How to handle ambiguity caused by long clause and compound?

I am composing a sentence: People who have children who score A's in school and have good health are very happy. In this sentence, 'have good health' is intended to be a clause of 'people'; ...
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2answers
195 views

Subject of 'asking' in: 'sent a letter asking'

In the sentence ... The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. ... what is the semantic/syntactic subject of the verb asking? Are there any tests we can do ...
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0answers
15 views

Semicolons before buts, ands, and sos, and other strange places? [duplicate]

Is this right? I thought that aside from something like this: He had some dogs; he ran to the beach; he drowned. that you are only supposed to put commas before ands, sos, and buts, etc. But I ...
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5answers
446 views

How to categorize this phrase. Relative clause, Interrogative clause, Adverbial clause?

What is "Where to go" in the sentence "Where to go is the question." Is it a adverbial phrase or a relative clause? And what is "Why go" in the sentence "Why go when you can stay?" - is it a clause?
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2answers
339 views

Adverb clause: his delight evident

I recently have come across a clause, his delight evident, reading a novel. Which I have found tricky to understand. I have been able to get to the meaning yet not to the structure it possesses. Here ...
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1answer
43 views

man who is the doctor..or man who the doctor is

What is the grammatically correct clause mentioned below ? 1.(a) Isobel,whose brother john was,(had heard the joke before.) or (b)Isobel,whose brother was john,(had heard the joke before.) 2.(a)John,...
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1answer
66 views

'I know what is good and what is bad'

'I know what is good.' 'I know who is good.' Here 'What is good' and 'who is good' must be noun clauses.therefore I think we can use these noun clauses as subject, e.g. What is good is learning ...
4
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1answer
91 views

Is there a noun for inverting two clauses so that the personal pronoun is mentioned in advance and only later is its antecedent specified?

"Charles can be very sarcastic when he wishes. "When he wishes, Charles can be very sarcastic. Is there a word for this kind of inversion?
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4answers
162 views

Alternative way to phrase the relative clause “which I don't find X to be”

I wrote down the following sentence. But I think it's quite awkward. Besides, Google tells me that the clause which I don't find him to be occurs only twice across the internet. He'll do this if ...
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2answers
648 views

Types of Independent Clauses

I am curious if anyone is aware of a list of different types or categories of independent clauses. By comparison, there are four types of sentences (simple, compound, complex, and compounds complex), ...
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1answer
925 views

Types of clauses

I am trying to understand how many types of subordinate clauses are recognized in English. I couldn't find a complete list anywhere, so I tried to make my own. My question is: do all of the following ...
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2answers
269 views

'use A as B' equals 'use as B A' ?

I am reading "The Elements of Style"; the sentence below confuse me much: A common fault is to use as the subject of a passive construction a noun which expresses the entire action, leaving to ...
3
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1answer
311 views

“That awkward moment when”

I know when people use the phrase "that awkward moment when", it is clearly a sentence fragment. What exactly is it called though? A dependent clause? A noun clause? I have no idea.
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0answers
269 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
3
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1answer
187 views

Using a comma before “and we already have a toaster.” [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? No gifts please, we don't need any orchids and we already have a toaster. No gifts please, we don't need any orchids , and we already have a toaster.
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1answer
254 views

Structure - Would that … were true [duplicate]

The introduction of ‘smart’ ID cards, the use of biometrics, and electronic road pricing represent major developments in methods of surveillance. Only the malevolent could legitimately object to ...
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1answer
119 views

Problem converting 'even though' clause to 'despite' clause: 'Despite losing…'

I stumbled across this question in 'Intermediate Language Practice' by Michael Vince: 'Even though they were losing at half-time, City won in the end. Despite________________________________' The ...
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1answer
227 views

Can em dashes be used to isolate clauses starting with an “or”?

Here’s a simplified version of the sentence I'm working on. Despite what he believed — or thought he believed — he still had to contend with the truth. Or should I use commas?
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4answers
65 views

Is the clause after 'and' in the sentence “His voice was serious and his manner solemn.” valid?

Is the sentence "His voice was serious and his manner solemn." grammatically correct? I've seen 'be' dropped in some sentences like this one.
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3answers
591 views

Recognizing right relative pronouns for clauses

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. A Jekyll and Hyde is a person who has two personalities,...
2
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1answer
219 views

Is this a sentence fragment…?

Ok, so here is an example sentence. "I hoped to lose the race so I wouldn't have to run against him." Here's my dilemma. I was questioning whether a comma was necessary after "race" to separate ...
3
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1answer
63 views

What's the grammar of “with such transitions governed”?

It's not uncommon to use with to introduce a clause like this: A particle's energy state jumps about randomly, with such transitions governed by the temperature of the system. What's the grammar ...
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1answer
199 views

Clause explaining “the requirement that…”

What should the verb form in that clause be? Example: which of the following is correct? They need to obey the requirement that their pockets are empty. or They need to obey the requirement that ...
0
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3answers
637 views

Using semicolons to create run-on sentences … what's the deal with semis?

I often see people making sentences quite longer than I'm comfortable with, such as like this: The dog ran, the dog fell, the dog dwelled; the dog didn't wish to be a part of such a place in his ...
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1answer
385 views

“Money is all what/that I need.” [duplicate]

1.) Money is all that I need. 2.) Money is all what I need. Which one is right? or which one have you not ever seen? and is there any difference between them? But, what about the following? If we ...