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2
votes
1answer
189 views

Is this a sentence fragment…?

Ok, so here is an example sentence. "I hoped to lose the race so I wouldn't have to run against him." Here's my dilemma. I was questioning whether a comma was necessary after "race" to separate ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

What's the grammar of “with such transitions governed”?

It's not uncommon to use with to introduce a clause like this: A particle's energy state jumps about randomly, with such transitions governed by the temperature of the system. What's the grammar ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Clause explaining “the requirement that…”

What should the verb form in that clause be? Example: which of the following is correct? They need to obey the requirement that their pockets are empty. or They need to obey the requirement that ...
0
votes
3answers
172 views

Using semicolons to create run-on sentences … what's the deal with semis?

I often see people making sentences quite longer than I'm comfortable with, such as like this: The dog ran, the dog fell, the dog dwelled; the dog didn't wish to be a part of such a place in his ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

“Money is all what/that I need.” [duplicate]

1.) Money is all that I need. 2.) Money is all what I need. Which one is right? or which one have you not ever seen? and is there any difference between them? But, what about the following? If ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

When independent clauses are not truly independent

If I write My car can go pretty far and it gets good mileage I have combined two independent clauses to create a compound sentence. I might just as easily write My car can go pretty far. And it ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Referring pronoun in multiple clauses sentence

"I have learned that when a newborn baby holds, with its little hand, his father’s finger, it has trapped him for the rest of his life." - Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1927-2014) The word ...
0
votes
3answers
85 views

Should the verb of the independent clause come before or after the dependent clause?

Which of the following is correct? The Boeing 777 crashed, carrying 227 passengers and a crew of 12 members, into international waters. The Boeing 777, carrying 227 passengers and a crew of ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Multiple clauses usage

Is it right to combine the three clauses this way? Is the verb 'has' necessary for the 2nd and 3rd clauses? England have decided to drop a batsman who has scored some memorable Test centuries ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

“Who-” nominal relative clauses as subject

What difference in terms of usage and style would be there between the following sentences: Those who came yesterday have already left Who came yesterday have already left The ones who came ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Clause in sentence

John found it surprising that Wayne played the tuba. That Wayne played the tuba is the clause, but what kind is it? I am completely stuck on this and can't figure it out.
2
votes
2answers
179 views

Do subordinating conjunctions subordinate clauses with verbs only?

While in Rome, John took a lot of pictures. While he was in Rome, John took a lot of pictures. Although on vacation, John calls the office often. Although he is on vacation, John calls the ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Looking for a better word in the sentence

"We encourage our employees to keep flexible hours and don't require them to track their time." I think that the word 'require' is misplaced here. It can probably be replaced by 'ask'. Can I add ...
1
vote
2answers
285 views

Is this expression correct: “It is A and B who [verb]”?

I have no problem with the following sentence: In this book, [it] is the father who tries to murder her However, what if I want to substitute a plural noun (or two names) for father? Are the ...
-1
votes
1answer
402 views

A stand-alone list of independent clauses as a sentence

Clearly, in some cases an isolated list cannot be a sentence. For example, Apples, oranges, and bananas. is not a sentence. But what about a list of independent clauses following a ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is a final comma necessary when describing a description?

Sorry, the title is a bit confusing... basically, which of the following is correct? Without a comma: Cory Doctorow, author of Little Brother, the book you had me read during a camping trip which ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

clause elements: Matrix clause

The sentence Although they looked totally inconspicuous at first glance, we knew they are unique and special. is given. Now, what I though is that "Although they looked totally inconspicuous at ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Can an independent clause have an implied (or null) subject?

I'm trying to determine whether a clause with an implied subject can be considered independent - specifically in the case of compound sentences. For example: "I was tired, but went to the party ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Should I omit the verb in this clause?

"As I returned to my seat, my heart (was) still racing, other kids started to talk to me." Is the "was" necessary at all? As an ESL student, I was rather confused as to why my teacher had marked me ...
3
votes
1answer
459 views

Example for “so” as a subordinating conjunction

On a webpage called Daily Writing Tips there is a list of 25 subordinating conjunctions including so. The example they're giving is this: “So sure were you of your theory about them, you ignored ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

A trail of colons

I find I often, when writing, want to string colons together. Here is a recent example: These two moments would be likely candidates for retelling: they both connect the people of San Andrés ...
2
votes
2answers
379 views

double negation: unless followed by a negative verb form

"We will not cancel the game if the weather gets better." Replacing "if" with "unless", you end up with either: "We will cancel the game unless the weather gets better." or "We will not cancel the ...
-3
votes
3answers
186 views

Can I use the word “not” after a preposition?

Can I write something like: among people from that country and among people from not I know it can be easily rewritten as: among people that are from the country and among people that are ...
0
votes
1answer
426 views

verbs not followed by that clauses

Where can I find a list of verbs like 'to want', which must be followed by an infinitive (other verbs by a gerund), but cannot be followed by a that-clause? I got from your website that there are ...
0
votes
1answer
815 views

What is the difference between “excuse me” and “forgive me”?

I am hesitated when I use the sentence "forgive my fault, please." instead of "excuse me, please." because the word "forgive" has a religious theme and probably carries some additional meanings. Also ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

when relative clauses is needed

Some native speakers corrected sentence A to sentence B in my essay. Could anyone explain why here "brings to" is needed? A. The problem of foreign language class at primary school is the ...
3
votes
4answers
6k views

“Adverbial phrase” vs “Adverbial clause”

Please tell me what the difference is between an adverbial phrase and an adverbial clause.
1
vote
3answers
402 views

“I like it that” vs. “I like that”

I want to express the following: You are blaming me for your lack of concern and I like that (in a sarcastic way). Which one of the following sentences would be correct? I like it that your ...
3
votes
3answers
18k views

The difference between a clause and a phrase?

This question What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? has an answer, with no embedded examples. The link it provides is not longer active, giving a 404 page not found error. Please don't ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Adverbial clause of concession in brackets?

I am doing a formal scientific paper writing and unsure of the following sentence: The representatives are visualized as the skeleton of the corridors (not necessarily the centerlines though). ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Restrictive relative clause or non-restrictive relative clause?

I am wondering whether to use a restrictive relative clause such as: "Multicopters belong to a family of aircraft called rotorcraft , which also includes helicopters, and although they appear to be ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

“while I am dancing” vs “while I dance”

Which are more frequently used? 1A - I will be discussing the details while you are researching the data. 1B - I will be discussing the details while you research the data. and 2A - I ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

the vs an/an + clauses

Here's the situation - I meet a friend and I tell her about yesterday Hey John! Hi Sarah! How was yesterday's trip? It was great. Karl took me to the country side to show me his new house. It ...
0
votes
1answer
270 views

Wish + tense agreement + subordinate clause [closed]

I wish I knew what he did/does for a living I wish I knew what he had/has bought her I wish I knew what he would/will do in this case I wish I'd known what he had done for a living I wish I'd ...
0
votes
2answers
494 views

“Non-restrictive appositive” vs. “non-defining relative clause”

Could you please kindly provide some explanation as to why the second option (B) is the only correct answer to the following question? And why is it not the case that both A and B could be correct ...
1
vote
2answers
579 views

Why is there no comma before “and” before this independent clause?

This was at a moment when the magistrate, overcome with tiredness, had gone down into the garden of his house and, dark, bent beneath some implacable thought, like Tarquin cutting the heads off ...
2
votes
2answers
201 views

On the usage of commas with nonessential clauses near the end of a sentence

How would you punctuate the following? A decent if long novel. As is. A decent, if long, novel. A decent, if long novel. I feel uncomfortable leaving the "novel" dangling at the end of the ...
3
votes
1answer
805 views

Lots of questions for a lot of clauses!

I am confused over the use of lots of vs lot of. I am phrasing a sentence having the following clause : [Article] [lot-of/lots-of] [noun singular/plural] [verb] ... As an example : A lot of ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

When to add “the” before a noun followed with a clause

E.g. "Although they work in most cases, they cannot handle cases when a comment or script is broken by the cutting" Should I put "the" between "handle" and "cases"?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Non-finite clause complementation of complex transitive verbs

This question has been bothering me for a while. It came up when I was reading Chapter 16 of "A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language." How to explain the grammatical structure of the ...
0
votes
1answer
670 views

Must a coordinating clause always have a subject?

E.g., (1) You are getting yourselves into a very dangerous situation; get out of there at once. The imperative following the first clause has an implied subject, so would this mean it is a ...
3
votes
1answer
344 views

Use semicolon or period when telling a result of an action?

If you look at these sentences, the second one is result of the first: Alex shouts and feels pain in his leg, and he rubs the place with hand and looks at the leg. His leg swelled little bit. So ...
3
votes
1answer
267 views

Why is this that-clause a subordinate?

she was so tired that she couldn’t think. (Oxford) Oxford says that-clause above is a subordinate clause expressing a result. Semantically ‘she was tired’ seems to be the main clause, but there ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it proper to use “that” instead of “at which” to refer to speed?

On a physics assignment, I believe that these sentences are grammatically incorrect, but some other students disagree (especially on the second one). What is the maximum speed that the mass can be ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Comparing two juxtaposed elements by way of clause inversion?

What is this sort of sentence/style/literary device called? I'm sure it has a name. There is no love without forgiveness, and there is no forgiveness without love. It appears that a point is ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

“Absent additional configuration” [closed]

I have come across the below sentence but it doesn't quite sound right. Absent additional configuration, permits will be distributed at a fixed rate. Is the first part of the sentence correct? ...
-1
votes
1answer
907 views

“Had decided to call” vs.“had decided that we should call”

I have a question regarding using "had decided". I'm not sure if I can use either an infinitive form of a verb or a modal verb: We had decided to call each other when we are in danger. We had ...
0
votes
3answers
7k views

Is a comma needed here?

If I were to try and describe a book called "Book", is this sentence grammatically correct? The book Book by Joe Bob is set in... I was told that this sentence is incorrect, that commas must ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Use of “what” vs “that”

The following sentence was on one of the tests: What would you like to do that others have told you is impossible. Students have asked why that could not be replaced with what. I.e., What ...
1
vote
1answer
214 views

the function of small clause

She went back to her homeland, her mind free of hate. (English Syntax and Argumentation, Bas Aarts) Aarts says the highlighted part is a small clause that has the role of adjunct. By the ...