Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Quotation as a part of the sentence

Suppose there is a study program called "3-year program in Wizwoz". Is it possible to write a sentence such as I am applying for a position in the "3-year program Wizwoz" starting in February ...
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Part of speech of “that” [closed]

In the phrase: He demonstrated that he was true What word class does that belong to? In general, which word classes can it belong to? For example, relative pronoun, determiner, ... THX
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When perfect tenses are not used after 'after'?

After I left school, I went to America. After I had left school, I went to America. The first sentence has been taken from Practical English Usage by Swan. In clauses with after, we often use ...
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38 views

Is this a comma splice? “I didn't just win, I beat the boss.”

I was wondering whether "I didn't just win." can function as an independent clause or not. Is it better to use a comma or a semi-colon between the two phrases like this "I didn't just win; I beat the ...
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31 views

Is this an independent clause? “I didn't just win.”

"I didn't just win." Is this an independent clause that can be followed by a semi-colon then another independent clause or should it be followed by a comma and an independent clause? For example can ...
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Having trouble with “and therefore”. Is it a conjunction?

I am having trouble figuring out if any of the following sentences is grammatically correct: (A) People perceive him as manipulative, and therefore do not trust him. (B) People perceive him as ...
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45 views

They also serve who only stand and wait. What is the function of “who only…wait”?

Is the part "who only ...wait" a noun clause acting as direct object? I am confused because the verb "serve" is shown to be an intransitive verb in the book in this particular example.
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Clause boundaries

I have a quick question that I hope you can help with. I'm looking at the sentence 'Simon found it extremely difficult to compete with the bigger children even after gaining the uphill advantage.' ...
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“…but that the dread of something after death,the undiscovered country from whose border no traveler returns,puzzles the will…” [closed]

I am having a hard time identifying the particular clause type. What type of clause is the part "from whose...returns"?
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How to identify an adverbial clause

I find it difficult to identify an adverbial clause in the following sentence: Saturday is the day when I get my hair done. Is the clause "when I get my hair done" adverbial?.
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Identify the subject and predicative verbs of this clause

Can you help me in locating the subject and the predicative verb of this dependent clause? If by the time you graduate you still can't read and write well
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Independent clause with no subject

Like this "Read, write, and think", this is classified as independent clause but they contain verbs only. Is it possible to thave an Independent Clause with no subject?
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“The man who has smoked a lot” – change to adjective phrase?

Often, if we have a noun modified by a relative clause, we can substitute an adjectival (participial) phrase for the relative clause: A man who collects newspapers → A newspaper-collecting man ...
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“… with little interference to absorption-with one exception.” What does this mean?

I have read this information in some blog: Can someone explain what the sentence "About 50% of the small intestine can be removed with little interference to absorption-with one exception" means?
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53 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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55 views

POS for “Just when [you thought…]”

I'm having a brain fart. Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the water Can you remind me what "Just when" is? It changes "You thought it was safe to go back in the water" from an ...
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Specifying notation with introductory clauses

When writing technical papers I often write sentences like: Where m denotes the proper mass of an object and c denotes the speed of light, the object's rest energy is given by E=mc2. However I ...
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2answers
53 views

Comma usage and properly identifying clauses in sentence

I cannot figure out whether or not I need a comma between the word "cigarettes" and "according" in the following sentence: More college students are using marijuana daily than smoking cigarettes ...
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1answer
58 views

Introductory phrases and restrictive clauses

Do I need to put a comma after an introductory phrase inside a restrictive clause? Example: She realized that because Paul took the money, he was an accessory to her crime. She realized that ...
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Can I treat “after” in this sentence as a conjunction instead of a preposition?

I met up a choice question recently: The boy dived into the water and after ___ seemed to be a long time, he came up again. A.what B.that C.it D.which The answer says A is correct. According ...
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171 views

Why is 'while' sometimes a synonym of 'whereas', and sometimes of 'although'?

The north of the country is mountainous while the south is flat. = The north of the country is mountainous whereas (although would be incorrect) the south is flat. The north of the country ...
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64 views

Do dependent clauses have to have subjects?

I am studying for a test and am confused about one point. In my book, there is one rule that states Independent, (FANBOYS) Independent. This shows the general rule that you can connect independent ...
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Indirect question vs objective clause

Which is right: Do you think it's a good idea to visit in mid August? Or Do you think if it's a good idea to visit in mid August? On one hand, if viewed as indirect question, if should ...
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219 views

Exact meaning of “Too good a/of a X” clause and etymology

As a non-native speaker, couldn't find a way to find this clause on the web, and need either links or explanation. I often see this: This is too rigid a procedure. He is too good an ordinary ...
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111 views

Identifying the sentence structure. Is this sentence a compound sentence?

I am trying to determine the sentence structure of the sentence: Along with every other devoted Aussie trackydack dagger, I beg the federal government to ban these abhorrent, foreign "cuffs" and ...
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3answers
130 views

Which one is correct? 'who' or 'that' in this adjective clause? [closed]

Which one is correct? He was so angry that didn't let me talk to him. or He was so angry who didn't let me talk to him. I believe that the first sentence is correct, because before "that" ...
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972 views

Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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113 views

How to identify the modified noun in multiple attribute clauses?

I am always confused with multiple attribute clauses. For example: A complete virtual system composed of virtualized hardware components onto which an unmodified operating system can be ...
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Do noun clauses need subjects?

"Homework is what I hate to do." "Homework is what makes me sad." In the first sentence, "what I hate the most" is clearly a noun clause. It functions as a subject complement. And it begins with a ...
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4k views

Comma before where when the clause is at the end of the sentence

Please tell me if I should place a comma before the word where in the two sentences below. I would like to work for you since I’m interested in working in a leading international school with ...
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2answers
135 views

Can this sentence be correct grammatically? [closed]

Here is the sentence: Are we suddenly see a dozen or more sailing in the clear blue sky? I have a bet with an editor that this sentence has a mistake, and it cant't be correct in this writing. I ...
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67 views

adverb or adjective clause

In the following sentence: If you saw anything that you feel was suspicious between these time frames, please do contact us. Is the clause "That you feel was suspicious" acting as an adverb or ...
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1answer
112 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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How can you tell which noun a clause modifies?

I'm a ESOL teacher, and I'm having trouble answering a question that a student asked me recently. We were going over long sentences, and found this one from the New York Times: Saudi Arabia said ...
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Are commas and dashes truly interchangeable?

My English teacher told me that "dashes and commas are interchangeable". For instance, "My friend, Alex, ran to the store." and, "My friend–Alex–ran to the store." are both grammatically ...
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Indicative without a subject

I'm aware that imperative and interrogative constructions can take no subject as it's usually implied ("Look this way!!", or "Why look that way?"), but what about an indicative sentence like this one: ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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5answers
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Is this a noun clause or an adverbial?

I'm interested in the following question: I want to visit where my grandmother was born. To me it seems like a noun clause because I could replace the clause with a noun. For example: I want to ...
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1answer
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The past perfect without a simple past time clause. “I had eaten the day before.”

While I was reading class material from a language school in Korea, I found a whole unit explaining use of the past perfect. However, none of the sentences used a time clause with the simple past to ...
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75 views

Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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84 views

When can I use “where” to introduce an attributive clause?

I wonder in which case I can use the word "where" to introduce an attributive clause. For example, when a sentence contains the word "situation": It's really a difficult situation in which you can ...
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1answer
264 views

Punctuating a sentence containing em dashes within commas [duplicate]

I always find myself writing sentences that contain clauses within clauses, and I can never decide what the right way to punctuate this is. I'm not specifying what kinds of clauses because they could ...
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1answer
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Shifting position of a noun clause within a sentence

I came across the following odd-sounding sentence while reading The Time Machine by H. G. Wells: But how the trick was done he could not explain. In this sentence, the clause 'how the ...
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Alternatives to “Such As” [closed]

It will be more difficult for Bobby to behave well if Peggy is aggressive, such as hitting him or teasing him. What is the right clause, expression or phrase to use instead of such as. That doesn't ...
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455 views

“The sky is blue” - Is it a clause?

In the expression The sky is blue, is the adjective "blue" an object? Is this a clause or a sentence at all?
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Clauses in Sentences

I understand that a clause contains (in order) a subject, verb and object, like below: He let his daughter. "He" is the subject, "let" is the verb and "his daughter" is the object. But what ...
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223 views

Commas, prepositions and subordinating conjunctions

I have two questions. Consider the following sentences. "In November I purchased my first car." or "In November, I purchased my first car." And, another example, "During the 1940s there was a ...
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2answers
131 views

“end up” peculiar properties

Just putting together a lexical lesson on making life changes and thought I'd use a sentence with 'end up'. However, when I ran through various sample sentences I noticed that it is quite an unusual ...
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Is it possible to write a dependent clause without independent clause?

I want to explain my problems by the following sentences. The following sentences have been taken from Reader's Digest. "Ed tries to explain why he would want to keep a pile of records he never ...
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relative clause with compound antecedent

I wonder what is the general way to create a relative clause modifying a compound antecedent? For example: This data is from many proof of concept environments and production environments that ...