Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
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Subject of 'asking' in: 'sent a letter asking'

In the sentence ... The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. ... what is the semantic/syntactic subject of the verb asking? Are there any tests we can do ...
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Main clause in conditional sentences of the form: If _, then _

Many sources say that coordinating conjunctions are limited to seven: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. If is a subordinating conjunction, hence If _ is a subordinate clause. However, then isn't ...
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Comma splice question

is the following a comma splice? The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction. I know the first part before the ...
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Non-finite clause complementation of complex transitive verbs

This question has been bothering me for a while. It came up when I was reading Chapter 16 of "A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language." How to explain the grammatical structure of the ...
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Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
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correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...
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When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
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What function does the clause exert in this sentence

I was surprised that he can fulfill his obligation. What confused me is the clause, being nominal, unable to modify neither "surprised" nor main clause in this sentence
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Comma after To at the beginning of a sentence

I am just writing my master thesis and I am unsure whether to place a comma in sentences starting with "To". Here are some examples: To be able to improve the performance[,] it is important to ...
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Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
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Semicolon and colon

I like cooking simple, nutritious food; and, eating out: sushi and miso soup. Is the comma after simple correct there and also correct removed? Is there a more common way, stylistically? ...
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What's usage of 'to' following 'which' in a relative clause?

I see a sentence in a commercial article Then in 2006, Amazon launched its Elastic Compute cloud (EC2) as a commercial web service that allows small companies and individuals to rent computers ...
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157 views

Semi-colon or colon?

I'm writing a descriptive piece, and can't figure out whether this is grammatically correct, or whether I ought to place a semi-colon between "entry" and "crooked": "As I walked in using the cobbled ...
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3answers
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How to handle ambiguity caused by long clause and compound?

I am composing a sentence: People who have children who score A's in school and have good health are very happy. In this sentence, 'have good health' is intended to be a clause of 'people'; ...
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209 views

Why is it called zero conditional?

What's the meaning of the zero conditional or the first or the second .. Does it mean the form of the verb and what does that exactly mean does it mean infinitive although the present simple is used! ...
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Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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Comma before “where” – “produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? Essential clause?

Comma placement before “where” – “Gradual deformations of a tendon can produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes in echo intensity can be observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? ...
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how to reduce an adjective clause

He is an artist who makes sculptures Reduced adjective clause: He is an artist making sculptures Is there any rule to rephrase as it should be? thanks!
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Give you or Give it to you [closed]

I will give you I will give it to you Which one is correct?
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Semicolons before buts, ands, and sos, and other strange places? [duplicate]

Is this right? I thought that aside from something like this: He had some dogs; he ran to the beach; he drowned. that you are only supposed to put commas before ands, sos, and buts, etc. But I ...
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334 views

Wish + tense agreement + subordinate clause [closed]

I wish I knew what he did/does for a living I wish I knew what he had/has bought her I wish I knew what he would/will do in this case I wish I'd known what he had done for a living I wish I'd ...
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Adverb clause: his delight evident

I recently have come across a clause, his delight evident, reading a novel. Which I have found tricky to understand. I have been able to get to the meaning yet not to the structure it possesses. Here ...
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Recognizing right relative pronouns for clauses

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. A Jekyll and Hyde is a person who has two ...
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'I know what is good and what is bad'

'I know what is good.' 'I know who is good.' Here 'What is good' and 'who is good' must be noun clauses.therefore I think we can use these noun clauses as subject, e.g. What is good is learning ...
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man who is the doctor..or man who the doctor is

What is the grammatically correct clause mentioned below ? 1.(a) Isobel,whose brother john was,(had heard the joke before.) or (b)Isobel,whose brother was john,(had heard the joke before.) ...
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“That awkward moment when”

I know when people use the phrase "that awkward moment when", it is clearly a sentence fragment. What exactly is it called though? A dependent clause? A noun clause? I have no idea.
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Is there a noun for inverting two clauses so that the personal pronoun is mentioned in advance and only later is its antecedent specified?

"Charles can be very sarcastic when he wishes. "When he wishes, Charles can be very sarcastic. Is there a word for this kind of inversion?
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Alternative way to phrase the relative clause “which I don't find X to be”

I wrote down the following sentence. But I think it's quite awkward. Besides, Google tells me that the clause which I don't find him to be occurs only twice across the internet. He'll do this if ...
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different way to write clause [closed]

I am a english learner. Currently, I saw some different writing styles. I am very confused. Thus. please help me solve it. Here are examples. I saw a car running on the road. I saw a car that ...
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When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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Types of Independent Clauses

I am curious if anyone is aware of a list of different types or categories of independent clauses. By comparison, there are four types of sentences (simple, compound, complex, and compounds complex), ...
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Types of clauses

I am trying to understand how many types of subordinate clauses are recognized in English. I couldn't find a complete list anywhere, so I tried to make my own. My question is: do all of the following ...
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'use A as B' equals 'use as B A' ?

I am reading "The Elements of Style"; the sentence below confuse me much: A common fault is to use as the subject of a passive construction a noun which expresses the entire action, leaving to ...
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Is this a sentence fragment…?

Ok, so here is an example sentence. "I hoped to lose the race so I wouldn't have to run against him." Here's my dilemma. I was questioning whether a comma was necessary after "race" to separate ...
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Using a comma before “and we already have a toaster.” [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? No gifts please, we don't need any orchids and we already have a toaster. No gifts please, we don't need any orchids , and we already have a toaster.
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Structure - Would that … were true [duplicate]

The introduction of ‘smart’ ID cards, the use of biometrics, and electronic road pricing represent major developments in methods of surveillance. Only the malevolent could legitimately object ...
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Problem converting 'even though' clause to 'despite' clause: 'Despite losing…'

I stumbled across this question in 'Intermediate Language Practice' by Michael Vince: 'Even though they were losing at half-time, City won in the end. Despite________________________________' The ...
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Is it grammatical to introduce a result clause using “then”?

Is it grammatical to introduce a result clause by using then as in these examples: Don’t be lazy – then you will fail. Don’t kill him – then you will regret it. If so, then is the then in these ...
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Is the clause after 'and' in the sentence “His voice was serious and his manner solemn.” valid?

Is the sentence "His voice was serious and his manner solemn." grammatically correct? I've seen 'be' dropped in some sentences like this one.
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Can em dashes be used to isolate clauses starting with an “or”?

Here’s a simplified version of the sentence I'm working on. Despite what he believed — or thought he believed — he still had to contend with the truth. Or should I use commas?
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Can an independent clause have an implied (or null) subject?

I'm trying to determine whether a clause with an implied subject can be considered independent - specifically in the case of compound sentences. For example: "I was tired, but went to the party ...
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What's the grammar of “with such transitions governed”?

It's not uncommon to use with to introduce a clause like this: A particle's energy state jumps about randomly, with such transitions governed by the temperature of the system. What's the grammar ...
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Clause explaining “the requirement that…”

What should the verb form in that clause be? Example: which of the following is correct? They need to obey the requirement that their pockets are empty. or They need to obey the requirement that ...
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Singular or plural verb form where subject includes a “parenthetical” element

My question arises from this one, where OP asks whether he should use the singular or plural verb form after "the title, as well as the tone," As luck would have it, when I searched Google Books for ...
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Using semicolons to create run-on sentences … what's the deal with semis?

I often see people making sentences quite longer than I'm comfortable with, such as like this: The dog ran, the dog fell, the dog dwelled; the dog didn't wish to be a part of such a place in his ...
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“Money is all what/that I need.” [duplicate]

1.) Money is all that I need. 2.) Money is all what I need. Which one is right? or which one have you not ever seen? and is there any difference between them? But, what about the following? If ...
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When independent clauses are not truly independent

If I write My car can go pretty far and it gets good mileage I have combined two independent clauses to create a compound sentence. I might just as easily write My car can go pretty far. And it ...
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Referring pronoun in multiple clauses sentence

"I have learned that when a newborn baby holds, with its little hand, his father’s finger, it has trapped him for the rest of his life." - Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1927-2014) The word ...
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Example for “so” as a subordinating conjunction

On a webpage called Daily Writing Tips there is a list of 25 subordinating conjunctions including so. The example they're giving is this: “So sure were you of your theory about them, you ignored ...