Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Specifying notation with introductory clauses

When writing technical papers I often write sentences like: Where m denotes the proper mass of an object and c denotes the speed of light, the object's rest energy is given by E=mc2. However I ...
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0answers
25 views

Adverbial or complement

I'm currently learning about the adverbial and complement components of a clause. My book says that "CEO" is the complement in this sentence: "The company made him CEO". I took this to mean ...
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5answers
155 views

Is this a noun clause or an adverbial?

I'm interested in the following question: I want to visit where my grandmother was born. To me it seems like a noun clause because I could replace the clause with a noun. For example: I want to ...
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1answer
44 views

Is this comma correctly used? [closed]

I love to dance and sing, to laugh and play. Is this punctuated correctly? They are dependent clauses and all...
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1answer
67 views

Is the structure “This is because… and so…” grammatically correct?

For example, in the sentence: This is because he was smart, and he worked hard, and so he was very rich. Is this structure correct? If not, how can the sentence be corrected?
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1answer
50 views

Comma usage; introductory clauses [closed]

In order to, successfully fulfil the aim of the Partial Dispute Act, Section 1019bb DCPR stipulates that there is no direct remedy against a decision in subproceedings. Should the comma after In ...
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2answers
73 views

Clause boundaries

I have a quick question that I hope you can help with. I'm looking at the sentence 'Simon found it extremely difficult to compete with the bigger children even after gaining the uphill advantage.' ...
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1answer
29 views

Quotation as a part of the sentence

Suppose there is a study program called "3-year program in Wizwoz". Is it possible to write a sentence such as I am applying for a position in the "3-year program Wizwoz" starting in February ...
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2answers
68 views

Part of speech of “that” [closed]

In the phrase: He demonstrated that he was true What word class does that belong to? In general, which word classes can it belong to? For example, relative pronoun, determiner, ... THX
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2answers
66 views

adverb or adjective clause

In the following sentence: If you saw anything that you feel was suspicious between these time frames, please do contact us. Is the clause "That you feel was suspicious" acting as an adverb or ...
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1answer
64 views

When perfect tenses are not used after 'after'?

After I left school, I went to America. After I had left school, I went to America. The first sentence has been taken from Practical English Usage by Swan. In clauses with after, we often use ...
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0answers
37 views

Is this a comma splice? “I didn't just win, I beat the boss.”

I was wondering whether "I didn't just win." can function as an independent clause or not. Is it better to use a comma or a semi-colon between the two phrases like this "I didn't just win; I beat the ...
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0answers
31 views

Is this an independent clause? “I didn't just win.”

"I didn't just win." Is this an independent clause that can be followed by a semi-colon then another independent clause or should it be followed by a comma and an independent clause? For example can ...
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1answer
221 views

Comparing two juxtaposed elements by way of clause inversion?

What is this sort of sentence/style/literary device called? I'm sure it has a name. There is no love without forgiveness, and there is no forgiveness without love. It appears that a point is ...
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3answers
27k views

Is a comma needed to offset a title?

If I were to try and describe a book called "Book", is this sentence grammatically correct? The book Book by Joe Bob is set in... I was told that this sentence is incorrect, that commas must ...
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6answers
6k views

Singular or plural verb form where subject includes a “parenthetical” element

My question arises from this one, where OP asks whether he should use the singular or plural verb form after "the title, as well as the tone," As luck would have it, when I searched Google Books for ...
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1answer
55 views

Having trouble with “and therefore”. Is it a conjunction?

I am having trouble figuring out if any of the following sentences is grammatically correct: (A) People perceive him as manipulative, and therefore do not trust him. (B) People perceive him as ...
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1answer
45 views

They also serve who only stand and wait. What is the function of “who only…wait”?

Is the part "who only ...wait" a noun clause acting as direct object? I am confused because the verb "serve" is shown to be an intransitive verb in the book in this particular example.
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1answer
62 views
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1answer
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How to identify an adverbial clause

I find it difficult to identify an adverbial clause in the following sentence: Saturday is the day when I get my hair done. Is the clause "when I get my hair done" adverbial?.
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30 views

Identify the subject and predicative verbs of this clause

Can you help me in locating the subject and the predicative verb of this dependent clause? If by the time you graduate you still can't read and write well
3
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1answer
47 views

Independent clause with no subject

Like this "Read, write, and think", this is classified as independent clause but they contain verbs only. Is it possible to thave an Independent Clause with no subject?
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1answer
104 views

“The man who has smoked a lot” – change to adjective phrase?

Often, if we have a noun modified by a relative clause, we can substitute an adjectival (participial) phrase for the relative clause: A man who collects newspapers → A newspaper-collecting man ...
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3answers
52 views

“… with little interference to absorption-with one exception.” What does this mean?

I have read this information in some blog: Can someone explain what the sentence "About 50% of the small intestine can be removed with little interference to absorption-with one exception" means?
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1answer
50 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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1answer
199 views

Clause explaining “the requirement that…”

What should the verb form in that clause be? Example: which of the following is correct? They need to obey the requirement that their pockets are empty. or They need to obey the requirement that ...
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3answers
6k views

What is a noun modifying clause?

This is actually a question that came up when I was studying Japanese. Unfortunately my grasp of the technical language of syntax is very limited, and I never fully comprehended the idea of a noun ...
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0answers
53 views

POS for “Just when [you thought…]”

I'm having a brain fart. Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the water Can you remind me what "Just when" is? It changes "You thought it was safe to go back in the water" from an ...
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1answer
56 views

Introductory phrases and restrictive clauses

Do I need to put a comma after an introductory phrase inside a restrictive clause? Example: She realized that because Paul took the money, he was an accessory to her crime. She realized that ...
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0answers
52 views

Can I treat “after” in this sentence as a conjunction instead of a preposition?

I met up a choice question recently: The boy dived into the water and after ___ seemed to be a long time, he came up again. A.what B.that C.it D.which The answer says A is correct. According ...
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2answers
162 views

Why is 'while' sometimes a synonym of 'whereas', and sometimes of 'although'?

The north of the country is mountainous while the south is flat. = The north of the country is mountainous whereas (although would be incorrect) the south is flat. The north of the country ...
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1answer
63 views

“Absent additional configuration” [closed]

I have come across the following sentence but it doesn't quite sound right. Absent additional configuration, permits will be distributed at a fixed rate. Is the first part of the sentence ...
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1answer
64 views

Do dependent clauses have to have subjects?

I am studying for a test and am confused about one point. In my book, there is one rule that states Independent, (FANBOYS) Independent. This shows the general rule that you can connect independent ...
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0answers
72 views

Indirect question vs objective clause

Which is right: Do you think it's a good idea to visit in mid August? Or Do you think if it's a good idea to visit in mid August? On one hand, if viewed as indirect question, if should ...
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2answers
196 views

Exact meaning of “Too good a/of a X” clause and etymology

As a non-native speaker, couldn't find a way to find this clause on the web, and need either links or explanation. I often see this: This is too rigid a procedure. He is too good an ordinary ...
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1answer
106 views

Identifying the sentence structure. Is this sentence a compound sentence?

I am trying to determine the sentence structure of the sentence: Along with every other devoted Aussie trackydack dagger, I beg the federal government to ban these abhorrent, foreign "cuffs" and ...
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5answers
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How to categorize this phrase. Relative clause, Interrogative clause, Adverbial clause?

What is "Where to go" in the sentence "Where to go is the question." Is it a adverbial phrase or a relative clause? And what is "Why go" in the sentence "Why go when you can stay?" - is it a clause?
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1answer
883 views

Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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3answers
129 views

Which one is correct? 'who' or 'that' in this adjective clause? [closed]

Which one is correct? He was so angry that didn't let me talk to him. or He was so angry who didn't let me talk to him. I believe that the first sentence is correct, because before "that" ...
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2answers
110 views

How to identify the modified noun in multiple attribute clauses?

I am always confused with multiple attribute clauses. For example: A complete virtual system composed of virtualized hardware components onto which an unmodified operating system can be ...
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1answer
75 views

Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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1answer
47 views

Do noun clauses need subjects?

"Homework is what I hate to do." "Homework is what makes me sad." In the first sentence, "what I hate the most" is clearly a noun clause. It functions as a subject complement. And it begins with a ...
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2answers
130 views

Can this sentence be correct grammatically? [closed]

Here is the sentence: Are we suddenly see a dozen or more sailing in the clear blue sky? I have a bet with an editor that this sentence has a mistake, and it cant't be correct in this writing. I ...
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3answers
169 views

How can you tell which noun a clause modifies?

I'm a ESOL teacher, and I'm having trouble answering a question that a student asked me recently. We were going over long sentences, and found this one from the New York Times: Saudi Arabia said ...
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2answers
173 views

Are commas and dashes truly interchangeable?

My English teacher told me that "dashes and commas are interchangeable". For instance, "My friend, Alex, ran to the store." and, "My friend–Alex–ran to the store." are both grammatically ...
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1answer
111 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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1answer
141 views

Shifting position of a noun clause within a sentence

I came across the following odd-sounding sentence while reading The Time Machine by H. G. Wells: But how the trick was done he could not explain. In this sentence, the clause 'how the ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “excuse me” and “forgive me”?

I am hesitated when I use the sentence "forgive my fault, please." instead of "excuse me, please." because the word "forgive" has a religious theme and probably carries some additional meanings. Also ...
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2answers
71 views

Indicative without a subject

I'm aware that imperative and interrogative constructions can take no subject as it's usually implied ("Look this way!!", or "Why look that way?"), but what about an indicative sentence like this one: ...
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0answers
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...