Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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119 views

Which one is correct? 'who' or 'that' in this adjective clause? [closed]

Which one is correct? He was so angry that didn't let me talk to him. or He was so angry who didn't let me talk to him. I believe that the first sentence is correct, because before "that" ...
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2answers
85 views

How to identify the modified noun in multiple attribute clauses?

I am always confused with multiple attribute clauses. For example: A complete virtual system composed of virtualized hardware components onto which an unmodified operating system can be ...
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74 views

Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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43 views

Do noun clauses need subjects?

"Homework is what I hate to do." "Homework is what makes me sad." In the first sentence, "what I hate the most" is clearly a noun clause. It functions as a subject complement. And it begins with a ...
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Comma before where when the clause is at the end of the sentence

Please tell me if I should place a comma before the word where in the two sentences below. I would like to work for you since I’m interested in working in a leading international school with ...
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2answers
110 views

Can this sentence be correct grammatically? [closed]

Here is the sentence: Are we suddenly see a dozen or more sailing in the clear blue sky? I have a bet with an editor that this sentence has a mistake, and it cant't be correct in this writing. I ...
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3answers
159 views

How can you tell which noun a clause modifies?

I'm a ESOL teacher, and I'm having trouble answering a question that a student asked me recently. We were going over long sentences, and found this one from the New York Times: Saudi Arabia said ...
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2answers
140 views

Are commas and dashes truly interchangeable?

My English teacher told me that "dashes and commas are interchangeable". For instance, "My friend, Alex, ran to the store." and, "My friend–Alex–ran to the store." are both grammatically ...
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92 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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1answer
135 views

Shifting position of a noun clause within a sentence

I came across the following odd-sounding sentence while reading The Time Machine by H. G. Wells: But how the trick was done he could not explain. In this sentence, the clause 'how the ...
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2k views

What is the difference between “excuse me” and “forgive me”?

I am hesitated when I use the sentence "forgive my fault, please." instead of "excuse me, please." because the word "forgive" has a religious theme and probably carries some additional meanings. Also ...
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Indicative without a subject

I'm aware that imperative and interrogative constructions can take no subject as it's usually implied ("Look this way!!", or "Why look that way?"), but what about an indicative sentence like this one: ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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6answers
3k views

Is a dependent clause part of the superordinate clause's predicate?

Could you please help me determine what the complete predicate is in the following sentence? I get the willies when I see closed doors. — Joseph Heller, Something Happened. At first I thought ...
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3answers
181 views

Clauses in Sentences

I understand that a clause contains (in order) a subject, verb and object, like below: He let his daughter. "He" is the subject, "let" is the verb and "his daughter" is the object. But what ...
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142 views

The past perfect without a simple past time clause. “I had eaten the day before.”

While I was reading class material from a language school in Korea, I found a whole unit explaining use of the past perfect. However, none of the sentences used a time clause with the simple past to ...
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1answer
52 views

When can I use “where” to introduce an attributive clause?

I wonder in which case I can use the word "where" to introduce an attributive clause. For example, when a sentence contains the word "situation": It's really a difficult situation in which you can ...
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1answer
161 views

Commas, prepositions and subordinating conjunctions

I have two questions. Consider the following sentences. "In November I purchased my first car." or "In November, I purchased my first car." And, another example, "During the 1940s there was a ...
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1answer
192 views

Punctuating a sentence containing em dashes within commas [duplicate]

I always find myself writing sentences that contain clauses within clauses, and I can never decide what the right way to punctuate this is. I'm not specifying what kinds of clauses because they could ...
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3answers
339 views

Alternatives to “Such As” [closed]

It will be more difficult for Bobby to behave well if Peggy is aggressive, such as hitting him or teasing him. What is the right clause, expression or phrase to use instead of such as. That ...
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2answers
321 views

“The sky is blue” - Is it a clause?

In the expression The sky is blue, is the adjective "blue" an object? Is this a clause or a sentence at all?
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2answers
107 views

Using adverb clauses of time correctly

Is it always possible to move an adverb clause within a sentence? Are both of the following sentences correct? When/after she had left, I sat to write. I sat to write when/after she had left.
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How can “for” be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances?

How can for be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances? I cannot give you any money, for I have none. He deserved to succeed, for he worked hard. Blessed are the merciful, ...
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2answers
107 views

“end up” peculiar properties

Just putting together a lexical lesson on making life changes and thought I'd use a sentence with 'end up'. However, when I ran through various sample sentences I noticed that it is quite an unusual ...
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2answers
480 views

Two if clauses in one sentence?

I am curious about whether sentences whose structure resembling that of those following sentences are still considered fine and commonly used. 1 . If you are planning to avoid rainy days would ...
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relative clause with compound antecedent

I wonder what is the general way to create a relative clause modifying a compound antecedent? For example: This data is from many proof of concept environments and production environments that ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to write a dependent clause without independent clause?

I want to explain my problems by the following sentences. The following sentences have been taken from Reader's Digest. "Ed tries to explain why he would want to keep a pile of records he never ...
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1answer
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What is the verbless clause? [duplicate]

I want to give some examples of a special type of clause. 1) Too tall to enter the room, he remained standing at the door. 2) Whether successful or unsuccessful, he always puts his best ...
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3answers
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What is the independent clause of dependent clause?

I want to explain my problems with the following sentences: "Even boldly going where few have gone doesn't always lead to radical conclusions. Over the years, researchers have set up ...
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1answer
27 views

Is it a dependent clause?

A team of epidemiologists at the University of Pittsburgh, for example, wondered if woman could avoid the increase in weight and cholesterol levels often associated with menopause. Is the clause ...
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1answer
2k views

Is a single-word sentence like “No” an independent clause? And semicolons [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Comma or semicolon after “No” when responding to a question It started because of this: "No; I found the behavior off-putting." I believe "no", as an ...
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1answer
61 views

When referring to another clause, is the non-relative clause always singular?

I have seen examples in some grammar website about non-relative clauses that refer to the whole main clause: Chris did really well in his exams, which is quite a surprise. My friends were all ...
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245 views

using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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44 views

Using commas after clause starting with 'not'

I have the following sentence: He wanted to go to the park, not the city, for lunch Is the second comma needed?
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Is there any good book talking about clauses and phrases?

All grammar books I found underplay clauses and phrases; examples they give are simple and easy to understand, but in reality there are lots of long sentences made up of several clauses and phrases ...
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“Adverbial phrase” vs “Adverbial clause”

Please tell me what the difference is between an adverbial phrase and an adverbial clause.
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97 views

Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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1answer
125 views

Does “gaping question” make sense?

The New York Times is running an article on the terror attacks in France that begins with "The government faced gaping questions over its failure..." Does the phrase "gaping question" actually make ...
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Proper usage of “From abc to xyz” with multiple nouns

Here is an example sentence: "All of my interactions with the community, from the movie that I watched with Joe in his office, to Robert's engaging recitation about songwriting, to my hallway ...
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117 views

Is the following a noun clause? [closed]

Breakfast made me feel sick. In the sentence, I understand that the subject is breakfast, and the verb is made, but is "made me feel sick" a noun clause or do these all start with wh** words?
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147 views

Use of commas with seemingly dependent clauses

I'd like to know whether or not the following examples are correct in relation to comma usage with independent/dependent clauses. Every time I come across examples to use commas in separating ...
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1answer
471 views

Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
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2answers
179 views

Subject of 'asking' in: 'sent a letter asking'

In the sentence ... The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. ... what is the semantic/syntactic subject of the verb asking? Are there any tests we can do ...
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1answer
94 views

Comma splice question

is the following a comma splice? The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction. I know the first part before the ...
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1answer
2k views

Non-finite clause complementation of complex transitive verbs

This question has been bothering me for a while. It came up when I was reading Chapter 16 of "A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language." How to explain the grammatical structure of the ...
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2answers
441 views

Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
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correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...
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1answer
307 views

When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
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112 views

What function does the clause exert in this sentence

I was surprised that he can fulfill his obligation. What confused me is the clause, being nominal, unable to modify neither "surprised" nor main clause in this sentence