Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Introductory phrases and restrictive clauses

Do I need to put a comma after an introductory phrase inside a restrictive clause? Example: She realized that because Paul took the money, he was an accessory to her crime. She realized that ...
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Can I treat “after” in this sentence as a conjunction instead of a preposition?

I met up a choice question recently: The boy dived into the water and after ___ seemed to be a long time, he came up again. A.what B.that C.it D.which The answer says A is correct. According ...
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Why is 'while' sometimes a synonym of 'whereas', and sometimes of 'although'?

The north of the country is mountainous while the south is flat. = The north of the country is mountainous whereas (although would be incorrect) the south is flat. The north of the country ...
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39 views

Do dependent clauses have to have subjects?

I am studying for a test and am confused about one point. In my book, there is one rule that states Independent, (FANBOYS) Independent. This shows the general rule that you can connect independent ...
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Indirect question vs objective clause

Which is right: Do you think it's a good idea to visit in mid August? Or Do you think if it's a good idea to visit in mid August? On one hand, if viewed as indirect question, if should ...
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Exact meaning of “Too good a/of a X” clause and etymology

As a non-native speaker, couldn't find a way to find this clause on the web, and need either links or explanation. I often see this: This is too rigid a procedure. He is too good an ordinary ...
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Identifying the sentence structure. Is this sentence a compound sentence?

I am trying to determine the sentence structure of the sentence: Along with every other devoted Aussie trackydack dagger, I beg the federal government to ban these abhorrent, foreign "cuffs" and ...
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81 views

Which one is correct? 'who' or 'that' in this adjective clause? [closed]

Which one is correct? He was so angry that didn't let me talk to him. or He was so angry who didn't let me talk to him. I believe that the first sentence is correct, because before "that" ...
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53 views

Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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42 views

How to identify the modified noun in multiple attribute clauses?

I am always confused with multiple attribute clauses. For example: A complete virtual system composed of virtualized hardware components onto which an unmodified operating system can be ...
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Do noun clauses need subjects?

"Homework is what I hate to do." "Homework is what makes me sad." In the first sentence, "what I hate the most" is clearly a noun clause. It functions as a subject complement. And it begins with a ...
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Comma before where when the clause is at the end of the sentence

Please tell me if I should place a comma before the word where in the two sentences below. I would like to work for you since I’m interested in working in a leading international school with ...
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Can this sentence be correct grammatically? [closed]

Here is the sentence: Are we suddenly see a dozen or more sailing in the clear blue sky? I have a bet with an editor that this sentence has a mistake, and it cant't be correct in this writing. I ...
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adverb or adjective clause

In the following sentence: If you saw anything that you feel was suspicious between these time frames, please do contact us. Is the clause "That you feel was suspicious" acting as an adverb or ...
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60 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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153 views

How can you tell which noun a clause modifies?

I'm a ESOL teacher, and I'm having trouble answering a question that a student asked me recently. We were going over long sentences, and found this one from the New York Times: Saudi Arabia said ...
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Are commas and dashes truly interchangeable?

My English teacher told me that "dashes and commas are interchangeable". For instance, "My friend, Alex, ran to the store." and, "My friend–Alex–ran to the store." are both grammatically ...
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54 views

Indicative without a subject

I'm aware that imperative and interrogative constructions can take no subject as it's usually implied ("Look this way!!", or "Why look that way?"), but what about an indicative sentence like this one: ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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Is this a noun clause or an adverbial?

I'm interested in the following question: I want to visit where my grandmother was born. To me it seems like a noun clause because I could replace the clause with a noun. For example: I want to ...
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61 views

The past perfect without a simple past time clause. “I had eaten the day before.”

While I was reading class material from a language school in Korea, I found a whole unit explaining use of the past perfect. However, none of the sentences used a time clause with the simple past to ...
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59 views

Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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When can I use “where” to introduce an attributive clause?

I wonder in which case I can use the word "where" to introduce an attributive clause. For example, when a sentence contains the word "situation": It's really a difficult situation in which you can ...
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Punctuating a sentence containing em dashes within commas [duplicate]

I always find myself writing sentences that contain clauses within clauses, and I can never decide what the right way to punctuate this is. I'm not specifying what kinds of clauses because they could ...
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Shifting position of a noun clause within a sentence

I came across the following odd-sounding sentence while reading The Time Machine by H. G. Wells: But how the trick was done he could not explain. In this sentence, the clause 'how the ...
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Alternatives to “Such As” [closed]

It will be more difficult for Bobby to behave well if Peggy is aggressive, such as hitting him or teasing him. What is the right clause, expression or phrase to use instead of such as. That ...
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“The sky is blue” - Is it a clause?

In the expression The sky is blue, is the adjective "blue" an object? Is this a clause or a sentence at all?
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Clauses in Sentences

I understand that a clause contains (in order) a subject, verb and object, like below: He let his daughter. "He" is the subject, "let" is the verb and "his daughter" is the object. But what ...
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Commas, prepositions and subordinating conjunctions

I have two questions. Consider the following sentences. "In November I purchased my first car." or "In November, I purchased my first car." And, another example, "During the 1940s there was a ...
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“end up” peculiar properties

Just putting together a lexical lesson on making life changes and thought I'd use a sentence with 'end up'. However, when I ran through various sample sentences I noticed that it is quite an unusual ...
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39 views

Is it possible to write a dependent clause without independent clause?

I want to explain my problems by the following sentences. The following sentences have been taken from Reader's Digest. "Ed tries to explain why he would want to keep a pile of records he never ...
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relative clause with compound antecedent

I wonder what is the general way to create a relative clause modifying a compound antecedent? For example: This data is from many proof of concept environments and production environments that ...
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1answer
870 views

What is the verbless clause? [duplicate]

I want to give some examples of a special type of clause. 1) Too tall to enter the room, he remained standing at the door. 2) Whether successful or unsuccessful, he always puts his best ...
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22 views

Is it a dependent clause?

A team of epidemiologists at the University of Pittsburgh, for example, wondered if woman could avoid the increase in weight and cholesterol levels often associated with menopause. Is the clause ...
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What is the independent clause of dependent clause?

I want to explain my problems with the following sentences: "Even boldly going where few have gone doesn't always lead to radical conclusions. Over the years, researchers have set up ...
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When referring to another clause, is the non-relative clause always singular?

I have seen examples in some grammar website about non-relative clauses that refer to the whole main clause: Chris did really well in his exams, which is quite a surprise. My friends were all ...
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How can “for” be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances?

How can for be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances? I cannot give you any money, for I have none. He deserved to succeed, for he worked hard. Blessed are the merciful, ...
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37 views

Using commas after clause starting with 'not'

I have the following sentence: He wanted to go to the park, not the city, for lunch Is the second comma needed?
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using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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Is there any good book talking about clauses and phrases?

All grammar books I found underplay clauses and phrases; examples they give are simple and easy to understand, but in reality there are lots of long sentences made up of several clauses and phrases ...
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Phrases and clauses, what are they both? [closed]

What do you call the category of sentence component that contains both clauses and phrases?
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Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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87 views

Does “gaping question” make sense?

The New York Times is running an article on the terror attacks in France that begins with "The government faced gaping questions over its failure..." Does the phrase "gaping question" actually make ...
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298 views

Proper usage of “From abc to xyz” with multiple nouns

Here is an example sentence: "All of my interactions with the community, from the movie that I watched with Joe in his office, to Robert's engaging recitation about songwriting, to my hallway ...
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Is the following a noun clause? [closed]

Breakfast made me feel sick. In the sentence, I understand that the subject is breakfast, and the verb is made, but is "made me feel sick" a noun clause or do these all start with wh** words?
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108 views

Use of commas with seemingly dependent clauses

I'd like to know whether or not the following examples are correct in relation to comma usage with independent/dependent clauses. Every time I come across examples to use commas in separating ...
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Main clause in conditional sentences of the form: If _, then _

Many sources say that coordinating conjunctions are limited to seven: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. If is a subordinating conjunction, hence If _ is a subordinate clause. However, then isn't ...
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Comma splice question

is the following a comma splice? The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction. I know the first part before the ...
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261 views

Two if clauses in one sentence?

I am curious about whether sentences whose structure resembling that of those following sentences are still considered fine and commonly used. 1 . If you are planning to avoid rainy days would ...
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correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...