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Comma before “where” – “produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? Essential clause?

Comma placement before “where” – “Gradual deformations of a tendon can produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes in echo intensity can be observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? ...
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2answers
38 views

how to reduce an adjective clause

He is an artist who makes sculptures Reduced adjective clause: He is an artist making sculptures Is there any rule to rephrase as it should be? thanks!
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1answer
27 views

Give you or Give it to you [on hold]

I will give you I will give it to you Which one is correct?
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1answer
31 views

Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
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1answer
31 views

Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
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3answers
41 views

How to handle ambiguity caused by long clause and compound?

I am composing a sentence: People who have children who score A's in school and have good health are very happy. In this sentence, 'have good health' is intent to be clause of 'people'; however, ...
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1answer
35 views

Subject of 'asking' in: 'sent a letter asking'

In the sentence ... The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. ... what is the semantic/syntactic subject of the verb asking? Are there any tests we can do ...
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0answers
13 views

Semicolons before buts, ands, and sos, and other strange places? [duplicate]

Is this right? I thought that aside from something like this: He had some dogs; he ran to the beach; he drowned. that you are only supposed to put commas before ands, sos, and buts, etc. But I ...
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2answers
86 views

How to categorize this phrase. Relative clause, Interrogative clause, Adverbial clause?

What is "Where to go" in the sentence "Where to go is the question." Is it a adverbial phrase or a relative clause? And what is "Why go" in the sentence "Why go when you can stay?" - is it a clause?
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2answers
141 views

Adverb clause: his delight evident

I recently have come across a clause, his delight evident, reading a novel. Which I have found tricky to understand. I have been able to get to the meaning yet not to the structure it possesses. Here ...
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1answer
25 views

I don't know Who there is with him or Who is with him

(a) Statement - There is a man with him. (b) Question - Who is there with him? (a man) (c) Noun clause -Who there is with him. (a)Statement -The man is with him. (b)question ...
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1answer
40 views

man who is the doctor..or man who the doctor is

What is the grammatically correct clause mentioned below ? 1.(a) Isobel,whose brother john was,(had heard the joke before.) or (b)Isobel,whose brother was john,(had heard the joke before.) ...
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1answer
32 views

'I know what is good and what is bad'

'I know what is good.' 'I know who is good.' Here 'What is good' and 'who is good' must be noun clauses.therefore I think we can use these noun clauses as subject, e.g. What is good is learning ...
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1answer
66 views

Is there a noun for inverting two clauses so that the personal pronoun is mentioned in advance and only later is its antecedent specified?

"Charles can be very sarcastic when he wishes. "When he wishes, Charles can be very sarcastic. Is there a word for this kind of inversion?
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1answer
23 views

different way to write clause [closed]

I am a english learner. Currently, I saw some different writing styles. I am very confused. Thus. please help me solve it. Here are examples. I saw a car running on the road. I saw a car that ...
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4answers
55 views

Alternative way to phrase the relative clause “which I don't find X to be”

I wrote down the following sentence. But I think it's quite awkward. Besides, Google tells me that the clause which I don't find him to be occurs only twice across the internet. He'll do this if ...
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2answers
49 views

Types of Independent Clauses

I am curious if anyone is aware of a list of different types or categories of independent clauses. By comparison, there are four types of sentences (simple, compound, complex, and compounds complex), ...
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1answer
97 views

Types of clauses

I am trying to understand how many types of subordinate clauses are recognized in English. I couldn't find a complete list anywhere, so I tried to make my own. My question is: do all of the following ...
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2answers
75 views

the position of “of which”

**The car, the wheel of which was broken, crashed into a tree. The car of which the wheel broken crashed into a street The bungalows of which the roofs are leaking ought to... The bungalows the ...
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2answers
66 views

'use A as B' equals 'use as B A' ?

I am reading "The Elements of Style"; the sentence below confuse me much: A common fault is to use as the subject of a passive construction a noun which expresses the entire action, leaving to ...
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1answer
196 views

“That awkward moment when”

I know when people use the phrase "that awkward moment when", it is clearly a sentence fragment. What exactly is it called though? A dependent clause? A noun clause? I have no idea.
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0answers
111 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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1answer
93 views

Using a comma before “and we already have a toaster.” [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? No gifts please, we don't need any orchids and we already have a toaster. No gifts please, we don't need any orchids , and we already have a toaster.
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1answer
75 views

Structure - Would that … were true [duplicate]

The introduction of ‘smart’ ID cards, the use of biometrics, and electronic road pricing represent major developments in methods of surveillance. Only the malevolent could legitimately object ...
6
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1answer
66 views

Problem converting 'even though' clause to 'despite' clause: 'Despite losing…'

I stumbled across this question in 'Intermediate Language Practice' by Michael Vince: 'Even though they were losing at half-time, City won in the end. Despite________________________________' The ...
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0answers
19 views

Clauses ending with prepositions [duplicate]

I often hear the rule, "Don't end a sentence with a preposition." As long as we ignore the prepositions in phrasal verbs, it makes sense that an object should follow a preposition. By the same logic, ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Can em dashes be used to isolate clauses starting with an “or”?

Here’s a simplified version of the sentence I'm working on. Despite what he believed — or thought he believed — he still had to contend with the truth. Or should I use commas?
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4answers
42 views

Is the clause after 'and' in the sentence “His voice was serious and his manner solemn.” valid?

Is the sentence "His voice was serious and his manner solemn." grammatically correct? I've seen 'be' dropped in some sentences like this one.
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3answers
212 views

Recognizing right relative pronouns for clauses

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. A Jekyll and Hyde is a person who has two ...
3
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3answers
190 views

Problem in adjective clauses’ grammar

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. For example: All the students ____ do well in writing. ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Is this a sentence fragment…?

Ok, so here is an example sentence. "I hoped to lose the race so I wouldn't have to run against him." Here's my dilemma. I was questioning whether a comma was necessary after "race" to separate ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

What's the grammar of “with such transitions governed”?

It's not uncommon to use with to introduce a clause like this: A particle's energy state jumps about randomly, with such transitions governed by the temperature of the system. What's the grammar ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Clause explaining “the requirement that…”

What should the verb form in that clause be? Example: which of the following is correct? They need to obey the requirement that their pockets are empty. or They need to obey the requirement that ...
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3answers
112 views

Using semicolons to create run-on sentences … what's the deal with semis?

I often see people making sentences quite longer than I'm comfortable with, such as like this: The dog ran, the dog fell, the dog dwelled; the dog didn't wish to be a part of such a place in his ...
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1answer
87 views

“Money is all what/that I need.” [duplicate]

1.) Money is all that I need. 2.) Money is all what I need. Which one is right? or which one have you not ever seen? and is there any difference between them? But, what about the following? If ...
3
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3answers
94 views

When independent clauses are not truly independent

If I write My car can go pretty far and it gets good mileage I have combined two independent clauses to create a compound sentence. I might just as easily write My car can go pretty far. And it ...
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2answers
101 views

Referring pronoun in multiple clauses sentence

"I have learned that when a newborn baby holds, with its little hand, his father’s finger, it has trapped him for the rest of his life." - Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1927-2014) The word ...
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3answers
79 views

Should the verb of the independent clause come before or after the dependent clause?

Which of the following is correct? The Boeing 777 crashed, carrying 227 passengers and a crew of 12 members, into international waters. The Boeing 777, carrying 227 passengers and a crew of ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Multiple clauses usage

Is it right to combine the three clauses this way? Is the verb 'has' necessary for the 2nd and 3rd clauses? England have decided to drop a batsman who has scored some memorable Test centuries ...
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1answer
73 views

“Who-” nominal relative clauses as subject

What difference in terms of usage and style would be there between the following sentences: Those who came yesterday have already left Who came yesterday have already left The ones who came ...
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2answers
29 views

Clause in sentence

John found it surprising that Wayne played the tuba. That Wayne played the tuba is the clause, but what kind is it? I am completely stuck on this and can't figure it out.
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2answers
153 views

Do subordinating conjunctions subordinate clauses with verbs only?

While in Rome, John took a lot of pictures. While he was in Rome, John took a lot of pictures. Although on vacation, John calls the office often. Although he is on vacation, John calls the ...
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2answers
118 views

Looking for a better word in the sentence

"We encourage our employees to keep flexible hours and don't require them to track their time." I think that the word 'require' is misplaced here. It can probably be replaced by 'ask'. Can I add ...
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2answers
152 views

Is this expression correct: “It is A and B who [verb]”?

I have no problem with the following sentence: In this book, [it] is the father who tries to murder her However, what if I want to substitute a plural noun (or two names) for father? Are the ...
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1answer
292 views

A stand-alone list of independent clauses as a sentence

Clearly, in some cases an isolated list cannot be a sentence. For example, Apples, oranges, and bananas. is not a sentence. But what about a list of independent clauses following a ...
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1answer
37 views

Is a final comma necessary when describing a description?

Sorry, the title is a bit confusing... basically, which of the following is correct? Without a comma: Cory Doctorow, author of Little Brother, the book you had me read during a camping trip which ...
0
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1answer
129 views

clause elements: Matrix clause

The sentence Although they looked totally inconspicuous at first glance, we knew they are unique and special. is given. Now, what I though is that "Although they looked totally inconspicuous at ...
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5answers
1k views

Can an independent clause have an implied (or null) subject?

I'm trying to determine whether a clause with an implied subject can be considered independent - specifically in the case of compound sentences. For example: "I was tired, but went to the party ...
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2answers
95 views

Should I omit the verb in this clause?

"As I returned to my seat, my heart (was) still racing, other kids started to talk to me." Is the "was" necessary at all? As an ESL student, I was rather confused as to why my teacher had marked me ...
3
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1answer
397 views

Example for “so” as a subordinating conjunction

On a webpage called Daily Writing Tips there is a list of 25 subordinating conjunctions including so. The example they're giving is this: “So sure were you of your theory about them, you ignored ...