Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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The past perfect without a simple past time clause. “I had eaten the day before.”

While I was reading class material from a language school in Korea, I found a whole unit explaining use of the past perfect. However, none of the sentences used a time clause with the simple past to ...
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Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
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When can I use “where” to introduce an attributive clause?

I wonder in which case I can use the word "where" to introduce an attributive clause. For example, when a sentence contains the word "situation": It's really a difficult situation in which you can ...
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Punctuating a sentence containing em dashes within commas [duplicate]

I always find myself writing sentences that contain clauses within clauses, and I can never decide what the right way to punctuate this is. I'm not specifying what kinds of clauses because they could ...
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Shifting position of a noun clause within a sentence

I came across the following odd-sounding sentence while reading The Time Machine by H. G. Wells: But how the trick was done he could not explain. In this sentence, the clause 'how the ...
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Alternatives to “Such As” [closed]

It will be more difficult for Bobby to behave well if Peggy is aggressive, such as hitting him or teasing him. What is the right clause, expression or phrase to use instead of such as. That ...
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“The sky is blue” - Is it a clause?

In the expression The sky is blue, is the adjective "blue" an object? Is this a clause or a sentence at all?
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Clauses in Sentences

I understand that a clause contains (in order) a subject, verb and object, like below: He let his daughter. "He" is the subject, "let" is the verb and "his daughter" is the object. But what ...
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Commas, prepositions and subordinating conjunctions

I have two questions. Consider the following sentences. "In November I purchased my first car." or "In November, I purchased my first car." And, another example, "During the 1940s there was a ...
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“end up” peculiar properties

Just putting together a lexical lesson on making life changes and thought I'd use a sentence with 'end up'. However, when I ran through various sample sentences I noticed that it is quite an unusual ...
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Is it possible to write a dependent clause without independent clause?

I want to explain my problems by the following sentences. The following sentences have been taken from Reader's Digest. "Ed tries to explain why he would want to keep a pile of records he never ...
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relative clause with compound antecedent

I wonder what is the general way to create a relative clause modifying a compound antecedent? For example: This data is from many proof of concept environments and production environments that ...
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What is the verbless clause? [duplicate]

I want to give some examples of a special type of clause. 1) Too tall to enter the room, he remained standing at the door. 2) Whether successful or unsuccessful, he always puts his best ...
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Is it a dependent clause?

A team of epidemiologists at the University of Pittsburgh, for example, wondered if woman could avoid the increase in weight and cholesterol levels often associated with menopause. Is the clause ...
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What is the independent clause of dependent clause?

I want to explain my problems with the following sentences: "Even boldly going where few have gone doesn't always lead to radical conclusions. Over the years, researchers have set up ...
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When referring to another clause, is the non-relative clause always singular?

I have seen examples in some grammar website about non-relative clauses that refer to the whole main clause: Chris did really well in his exams, which is quite a surprise. My friends were all ...
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How can “for” be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances?

How can for be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances? I cannot give you any money, for I have none. He deserved to succeed, for he worked hard. Blessed are the merciful, ...
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Using commas after clause starting with 'not'

I have the following sentence: He wanted to go to the park, not the city, for lunch Is the second comma needed?
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using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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Is there any good book talking about clauses and phrases?

All grammar books I found underplay clauses and phrases; examples they give are simple and easy to understand, but in reality there are lots of long sentences made up of several clauses and phrases ...
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Phrases and clauses, what are they both? [closed]

What do you call the category of sentence component that contains both clauses and phrases?
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Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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Does “gaping question” make sense?

The New York Times is running an article on the terror attacks in France that begins with "The government faced gaping questions over its failure..." Does the phrase "gaping question" actually make ...
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Proper usage of “From abc to xyz” with multiple nouns

Here is an example sentence: "All of my interactions with the community, from the movie that I watched with Joe in his office, to Robert's engaging recitation about songwriting, to my hallway ...
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Is the following a noun clause? [closed]

Breakfast made me feel sick. In the sentence, I understand that the subject is breakfast, and the verb is made, but is "made me feel sick" a noun clause or do these all start with wh** words?
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Use of commas with seemingly dependent clauses

I'd like to know whether or not the following examples are correct in relation to comma usage with independent/dependent clauses. Every time I come across examples to use commas in separating ...
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Main clause in conditional sentences of the form: If _, then _

Many sources say that coordinating conjunctions are limited to seven: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. If is a subordinating conjunction, hence If _ is a subordinate clause. However, then isn't ...
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Comma splice question

is the following a comma splice? The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction. I know the first part before the ...
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Two if clauses in one sentence?

I am curious about whether sentences whose structure resembling that of those following sentences are still considered fine and commonly used. 1 . If you are planning to avoid rainy days would ...
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correct usage and punctuation of a nonrestrictive clause with which?

S1: John was a worker at Bread Store, of which I was the manager, when he lived here. S2: John was a worker at Bread Store, which I was the manager of, when he lived here. What's the correct usage? ...
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When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
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What function does the clause exert in this sentence

I was surprised that he can fulfill his obligation. What confused me is the clause, being nominal, unable to modify neither "surprised" nor main clause in this sentence
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Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
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Semicolon and colon

I like cooking simple, nutritious food; and, eating out: sushi and miso soup. Is the comma after simple correct there and also correct removed? Is there a more common way, stylistically? ...
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What's usage of 'to' following 'which' in a relative clause?

I see a sentence in a commercial article Then in 2006, Amazon launched its Elastic Compute cloud (EC2) as a commercial web service that allows small companies and individuals to rent computers ...
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Semi-colon or colon?

I'm writing a descriptive piece, and can't figure out whether this is grammatically correct, or whether I ought to place a semi-colon between "entry" and "crooked": "As I walked in using the cobbled ...
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Using adverb clauses of time correctly

Is it always possible to move an adverb clause within a sentence? Are both of the following sentences correct? When/after she had left, I sat to write. I sat to write when/after she had left.
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Why is it called zero conditional?

What's the meaning of the zero conditional or the first or the second .. Does it mean the form of the verb and what does that exactly mean does it mean infinitive although the present simple is used! ...
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Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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Comma before “where” – “produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? Essential clause?

Comma placement before “where” – “Gradual deformations of a tendon can produce cine [loops, where]/[loops where] changes in echo intensity can be observed.” – Identifying vs. Nonidentifying Clause? ...
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how to reduce an adjective clause

He is an artist who makes sculptures Reduced adjective clause: He is an artist making sculptures Is there any rule to rephrase as it should be? thanks!
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Give you or Give it to you [closed]

I will give you I will give it to you Which one is correct?
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Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
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Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
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How to handle ambiguity caused by long clause and compound?

I am composing a sentence: People who have children who score A's in school and have good health are very happy. In this sentence, 'have good health' is intended to be a clause of 'people'; ...
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Subject of 'asking' in: 'sent a letter asking'

In the sentence ... The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. ... what is the semantic/syntactic subject of the verb asking? Are there any tests we can do ...
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Semicolons before buts, ands, and sos, and other strange places? [duplicate]

Is this right? I thought that aside from something like this: He had some dogs; he ran to the beach; he drowned. that you are only supposed to put commas before ands, sos, and buts, etc. But I ...
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How to categorize this phrase. Relative clause, Interrogative clause, Adverbial clause?

What is "Where to go" in the sentence "Where to go is the question." Is it a adverbial phrase or a relative clause? And what is "Why go" in the sentence "Why go when you can stay?" - is it a clause?
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Adverb clause: his delight evident

I recently have come across a clause, his delight evident, reading a novel. Which I have found tricky to understand. I have been able to get to the meaning yet not to the structure it possesses. Here ...
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man who is the doctor..or man who the doctor is

What is the grammatically correct clause mentioned below ? 1.(a) Isobel,whose brother john was,(had heard the joke before.) or (b)Isobel,whose brother was john,(had heard the joke before.) ...