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Types of clauses

I am trying to understand how many types of subordinate clauses are recognized in English. I couldn't find a complete list anywhere, so I tried to make my own. My question is: do all of the following ...
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2answers
60 views

the position of “of which”

**The car, the wheel of which was broken, crashed into a tree. The car of which the wheel broken crashed into a street The bungalows of which the roofs are leaking ought to... The bungalows the ...
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2answers
47 views

'use A as B' equals 'use as B A' ?

I am reading "The Elements of Style"; the sentence below confuse me much: A common fault is to use as the subject of a passive construction a noun which expresses the entire action, leaving to ...
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1answer
172 views

“That awkward moment when”

I know when people use the phrase "that awkward moment when", it is clearly a sentence fragment. What exactly is it called though? A dependent clause? A noun clause? I have no idea.
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63 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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1answer
65 views

Using a comma before “and we already have a toaster.” [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? No gifts please, we don't need any orchids and we already have a toaster. No gifts please, we don't need any orchids , and we already have a toaster.
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1answer
46 views

Structure - Would that … were true [duplicate]

The introduction of ‘smart’ ID cards, the use of biometrics, and electronic road pricing represent major developments in methods of surveillance. Only the malevolent could legitimately object ...
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1answer
55 views

Problem converting 'even though' clause to 'despite' clause: 'Despite losing…'

I stumbled across this question in 'Intermediate Language Practice' by Michael Vince: 'Even though they were losing at half-time, City won in the end. Despite________________________________' The ...
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0answers
19 views

Clauses ending with prepositions [duplicate]

I often hear the rule, "Don't end a sentence with a preposition." As long as we ignore the prepositions in phrasal verbs, it makes sense that an object should follow a preposition. By the same logic, ...
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1answer
105 views

Can em dashes be used to isolate clauses starting with an “or”?

Here’s a simplified version of the sentence I'm working on. Despite what he believed — or thought he believed — he still had to contend with the truth. Or should I use commas?
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4answers
39 views

Is the clause after 'and' in the sentence “His voice was serious and his manner solemn.” valid?

Is the sentence "His voice was serious and his manner solemn." grammatically correct? I've seen 'be' dropped in some sentences like this one.
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3answers
108 views

Recognizing right relative pronouns for clauses

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. A Jekyll and Hyde is a person who has two ...
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3answers
101 views

Problem in adjective clauses’ grammar

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. For example: All the students ____ do well in writing. ...
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1answer
90 views

Is this a sentence fragment…?

Ok, so here is an example sentence. "I hoped to lose the race so I wouldn't have to run against him." Here's my dilemma. I was questioning whether a comma was necessary after "race" to separate ...
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1answer
41 views

What's the grammar of “with such transitions governed”?

It's not uncommon to use with to introduce a clause like this: A particle's energy state jumps about randomly, with such transitions governed by the temperature of the system. What's the grammar ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Clause explaining “the requirement that…”

What should the verb form in that clause be? Example: which of the following is correct? They need to obey the requirement that their pockets are empty. or They need to obey the requirement that ...
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3answers
87 views

Using semicolons to create run-on sentences … what's the deal with semis?

I often see people making sentences quite longer than I'm comfortable with, such as like this: The dog ran, the dog fell, the dog dwelled; the dog didn't wish to be a part of such a place in his ...
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1answer
67 views

“Money is all what/that I need.” [duplicate]

1.) Money is all that I need. 2.) Money is all what I need. Which one is right? or which one have you not ever seen? and is there any difference between them? But, what about the following? If ...
3
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3answers
91 views

When independent clauses are not truly independent

If I write My car can go pretty far and it gets good mileage I have combined two independent clauses to create a compound sentence. I might just as easily write My car can go pretty far. And it ...
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2answers
95 views

Referring pronoun in multiple clauses sentence

"I have learned that when a newborn baby holds, with its little hand, his father’s finger, it has trapped him for the rest of his life." - Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1927-2014) The word ...
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3answers
76 views

Should the verb of the independent clause come before or after the dependent clause?

Which of the following is correct? The Boeing 777 crashed, carrying 227 passengers and a crew of 12 members, into international waters. The Boeing 777, carrying 227 passengers and a crew of ...
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1answer
31 views

Multiple clauses usage

Is it right to combine the three clauses this way? Is the verb 'has' necessary for the 2nd and 3rd clauses? England have decided to drop a batsman who has scored some memorable Test centuries ...
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1answer
64 views

“Who-” nominal relative clauses as subject

What difference in terms of usage and style would be there between the following sentences: Those who came yesterday have already left Who came yesterday have already left The ones who came ...
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2answers
29 views

Clause in sentence

John found it surprising that Wayne played the tuba. That Wayne played the tuba is the clause, but what kind is it? I am completely stuck on this and can't figure it out.
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2answers
133 views

Do subordinating conjunctions subordinate clauses with verbs only?

While in Rome, John took a lot of pictures. While he was in Rome, John took a lot of pictures. Although on vacation, John calls the office often. Although he is on vacation, John calls the ...
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2answers
106 views

Looking for a better word in the sentence

"We encourage our employees to keep flexible hours and don't require them to track their time." I think that the word 'require' is misplaced here. It can probably be replaced by 'ask'. Can I add ...
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2answers
109 views

Is this expression correct: “It is A and B who [verb]”?

I have no problem with the following sentence: In this book, [it] is the father who tries to murder her However, what if I want to substitute a plural noun (or two names) for father? Are the ...
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1answer
243 views

A stand-alone list of independent clauses as a sentence

Clearly, in some cases an isolated list cannot be a sentence. For example, Apples, oranges, and bananas. is not a sentence. But what about a list of independent clauses following a ...
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1answer
31 views

Is a final comma necessary when describing a description?

Sorry, the title is a bit confusing... basically, which of the following is correct? Without a comma: Cory Doctorow, author of Little Brother, the book you had me read during a camping trip which ...
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1answer
100 views

clause elements: Matrix clause

The sentence Although they looked totally inconspicuous at first glance, we knew they are unique and special. is given. Now, what I though is that "Although they looked totally inconspicuous at ...
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5answers
886 views

Can an independent clause have an implied (or null) subject?

I'm trying to determine whether a clause with an implied subject can be considered independent - specifically in the case of compound sentences. For example: "I was tired, but went to the party ...
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2answers
86 views

Should I omit the verb in this clause?

"As I returned to my seat, my heart (was) still racing, other kids started to talk to me." Is the "was" necessary at all? As an ESL student, I was rather confused as to why my teacher had marked me ...
3
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1answer
361 views

Example for “so” as a subordinating conjunction

On a webpage called Daily Writing Tips there is a list of 25 subordinating conjunctions including so. The example they're giving is this: “So sure were you of your theory about them, you ignored ...
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1answer
433 views

A trail of colons

I find I often, when writing, want to string colons together. Here is a recent example: These two moments would be likely candidates for retelling: they both connect the people of San Andrés ...
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2answers
234 views

double negation: unless followed by a negative verb form

"We will not cancel the game if the weather gets better." Replacing "if" with "unless", you end up with either: "We will cancel the game unless the weather gets better." or "We will not cancel the ...
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3answers
151 views

Can I use the word “not” after a preposition?

Can I write something like: among people from that country and among people from not I know it can be easily rewritten as: among people that are from the country and among people that are ...
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1answer
285 views

verbs not followed by that clauses

Where can I find a list of verbs like 'to want', which must be followed by an infinitive (other verbs by a gerund), but cannot be followed by a that-clause? I got from your website that there are ...
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1answer
405 views

What is the difference between “excuse me” and “forgive me”?

I am hesitated when I use the sentence "forgive my fault, please." instead of "excuse me, please." because the word "forgive" has a religious theme and probably carries some additional meanings. Also ...
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2answers
45 views

when relative clauses is needed

Some native speakers corrected sentence A to sentence B in my essay. Could anyone explain why here "brings to" is needed? A. The problem of foreign language class at primary school is the ...
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4answers
4k views

“Adverbial phrase” vs “Adverbial clause”

Please tell me what the difference is between an adverbial phrase and an adverbial clause.
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3answers
262 views

“I like it that” vs. “I like that”

I want to express the following: You are blaming me for your lack of concern and I like that (in a sarcastic way). Which one of the following sentences would be correct? I like it that your ...
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3answers
8k views

The difference between a clause and a phrase?

This question What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? has an answer, with no embedded examples. The link it provides is not longer active, giving a 404 page not found error. Please don't ...
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1answer
206 views

Adverbial clause of concession in brackets?

I am doing a formal scientific paper writing and unsure of the following sentence: The representatives are visualized as the skeleton of the corridors (not necessarily the centerlines though). ...
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1answer
132 views

Restrictive relative clause or non-restrictive relative clause?

I am wondering whether to use a restrictive relative clause such as: "Multicopters belong to a family of aircraft called rotorcraft , which also includes helicopters, and although they appear to be ...
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2answers
113 views

“while I am dancing” vs “while I dance”

Which are more frequently used? 1A - I will be discussing the details while you are researching the data. 1B - I will be discussing the details while you research the data. and 2A - I ...
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2answers
108 views

the vs an/an + clauses

Here's the situation - I meet a friend and I tell her about yesterday Hey John! Hi Sarah! How was yesterday's trip? It was great. Karl took me to the country side to show me his new house. It ...
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1answer
183 views

Wish + tense agreement + subordinate clause [closed]

I wish I knew what he did/does for a living I wish I knew what he had/has bought her I wish I knew what he would/will do in this case I wish I'd known what he had done for a living I wish I'd ...
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2answers
308 views

“Non-restrictive appositive” vs. “non-defining relative clause”

Could you please kindly provide some explanation as to why the second option (B) is the only correct answer to the following question? And why is it not the case that both A and B could be correct ...
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2answers
452 views

Why is there no comma before “and” before this independent clause?

This was at a moment when the magistrate, overcome with tiredness, had gone down into the garden of his house and, dark, bent beneath some implacable thought, like Tarquin cutting the heads off ...
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2answers
164 views

On the usage of commas with nonessential clauses near the end of a sentence

How would you punctuate the following? A decent if long novel. As is. A decent, if long, novel. A decent, if long novel. I feel uncomfortable leaving the "novel" dangling at the end of the ...