Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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‘the condition that <noun> be <adjective>’

In a scientific paper, I am using a phrase that is something like ‘the condition that all the numbers be positive’. I was wondering what kind of construction this is (the ‘be’) and how it compares to ...
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The use of comma before 'and'

Here's a sentence that's quite confusing to me: You should provide a strategy that is based on the criteria specified in the document,and a formula calculating the return. What are the two parts ...
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3answers
70 views

“… a risk that it exists or will exist” - Sentence Wording

in the following piece of legislation, can you tell me if the correct grammar is being used? "A person acts recklessly within the meaning of section 1 of the Criminal Damage Act 1971 with respect to ...
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24 views

Adverbial clause modification with an infinitive

Given the sentence I am unable to join you while I am on vacation "While I am on vacation" is an adverbial clause supplying the time when this sentence is true. But, does this clause modify the ...
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40 views

Can the verb “include” be followed by a clause?

Is this structure correct? We guarantee to everyone high-standard care, which includes, for example, our client centre is open for you even of weekends and technical support is available ...
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53 views

How to analyse the sentence: “Crap” is just a way for old people to say “rap”

“Crap” is just a way for old people to say “rap” By means of clause elements, I am thinking: Crap: subject is: copula just: adverbial And then I don't really know... is 'a way for old people ...
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150 views

If or since, does it make a difference?

In these sentences below, does it makes a difference if I replace if with since? 1)If you are unemployed, why did you leave your last job? 2)If you are innocent, why did you flee? 3)If you are a ...
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43 views

Is this really just a problem with an adverb clause lacking a subordinating conjunction?

Here is the example sentence “While I knew you were angry,” stammered the fellow, huffing along behind his beleaguered friend, “this was not what I had in mind.” I figure that the "huffing along ...
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51 views

Help with what MS Word insists is a comma splice

I usually either accept or work around Word's grammar suggestions (I hate having red/blue lines in my documents) but this particular suggestion has me stumped. The sentence is "Striding forward with ...
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21 views

Adverbial or complement

I'm currently learning about the adverbial and complement components of a clause. My book says that "CEO" is the complement in this sentence: "The company made him CEO". I took this to mean ...
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Does this sentence exemplify an adverbial clause?

On the Wikipedia page for 'Dependent clause,' on the subject of 'Dependent words,' there is provided an example which supposedly presents an adverbial clause, viz., "Wherever she goes, she leaves an ...
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41 views

Is this comma correctly used? [closed]

I love to dance and sing, to laugh and play. Is this punctuated correctly? They are dependent clauses and all...
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38 views

Is the structure “This is because… and so…” grammatically correct?

For example, in the sentence: This is because he was smart, and he worked hard, and so he was very rich. Is this structure correct? If not, how can the sentence be corrected?
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Comma usage; introductory clauses [closed]

In order to, successfully fulfil the aim of the Partial Dispute Act, Section 1019bb DCPR stipulates that there is no direct remedy against a decision in subproceedings. Should the comma after In ...
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1answer
20 views

Quotation as a part of the sentence

Suppose there is a study program called "3-year program in Wizwoz". Is it possible to write a sentence such as I am applying for a position in the "3-year program Wizwoz" starting in February ...
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56 views

Part of speech of “that” [closed]

In the phrase: He demonstrated that he was true What word class does that belong to? In general, which word classes can it belong to? For example, relative pronoun, determiner, ... THX
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52 views

When perfect tenses are not used after 'after'?

After I left school, I went to America. After I had left school, I went to America. The first sentence has been taken from Practical English Usage by Swan. In clauses with after, we often use ...
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35 views

Is this a comma splice? “I didn't just win, I beat the boss.”

I was wondering whether "I didn't just win." can function as an independent clause or not. Is it better to use a comma or a semi-colon between the two phrases like this "I didn't just win; I beat the ...
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Is this an independent clause? “I didn't just win.”

"I didn't just win." Is this an independent clause that can be followed by a semi-colon then another independent clause or should it be followed by a comma and an independent clause? For example can ...
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1answer
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Having trouble with “and therefore”. Is it a conjunction?

I am having trouble figuring out if any of the following sentences is grammatically correct: (A) People perceive him as manipulative, and therefore do not trust him. (B) People perceive him as ...
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43 views

They also serve who only stand and wait. What is the function of “who only…wait”?

Is the part "who only ...wait" a noun clause acting as direct object? I am confused because the verb "serve" is shown to be an intransitive verb in the book in this particular example.
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60 views

Clause boundaries

I have a quick question that I hope you can help with. I'm looking at the sentence 'Simon found it extremely difficult to compete with the bigger children even after gaining the uphill advantage.' ...
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“…but that the dread of something after death,the undiscovered country from whose border no traveler returns,puzzles the will…” [closed]

I am having a hard time identifying the particular clause type. What type of clause is the part "from whose...returns"?
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How to identify an adverbial clause

I find it difficult to identify an adverbial clause in the following sentence: Saturday is the day when I get my hair done. Is the clause "when I get my hair done" adverbial?.
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Identify the subject and predicative verbs of this clause

Can you help me in locating the subject and the predicative verb of this dependent clause? If by the time you graduate you still can't read and write well
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Independent clause with no subject

Like this "Read, write, and think", this is classified as independent clause but they contain verbs only. Is it possible to thave an Independent Clause with no subject?
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“The man who has smoked a lot” – change to adjective phrase?

Often, if we have a noun modified by a relative clause, we can substitute an adjectival (participial) phrase for the relative clause: A man who collects newspapers → A newspaper-collecting man ...
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“… with little interference to absorption-with one exception.” What does this mean?

I have read this information in some blog: Can someone explain what the sentence "About 50% of the small intestine can be removed with little interference to absorption-with one exception" means?
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44 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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POS for “Just when [you thought…]”

I'm having a brain fart. Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the water Can you remind me what "Just when" is? It changes "You thought it was safe to go back in the water" from an ...
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35 views

Specifying notation with introductory clauses

When writing technical papers I often write sentences like: Where m denotes the proper mass of an object and c denotes the speed of light, the object's rest energy is given by E=mc2. However I ...
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32 views

Comma usage and properly identifying clauses in sentence

I cannot figure out whether or not I need a comma between the word "cigarettes" and "according" in the following sentence: More college students are using marijuana daily than smoking cigarettes ...
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1answer
42 views

Introductory phrases and restrictive clauses

Do I need to put a comma after an introductory phrase inside a restrictive clause? Example: She realized that because Paul took the money, he was an accessory to her crime. She realized that ...
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Can I treat “after” in this sentence as a conjunction instead of a preposition?

I met up a choice question recently: The boy dived into the water and after ___ seemed to be a long time, he came up again. A.what B.that C.it D.which The answer says A is correct. According ...
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118 views

Why is 'while' sometimes a synonym of 'whereas', and sometimes of 'although'?

The north of the country is mountainous while the south is flat. = The north of the country is mountainous whereas (although would be incorrect) the south is flat. The north of the country ...
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54 views

Do dependent clauses have to have subjects?

I am studying for a test and am confused about one point. In my book, there is one rule that states Independent, (FANBOYS) Independent. This shows the general rule that you can connect independent ...
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Indirect question vs objective clause

Which is right: Do you think it's a good idea to visit in mid August? Or Do you think if it's a good idea to visit in mid August? On one hand, if viewed as indirect question, if should ...
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109 views

Exact meaning of “Too good a/of a X” clause and etymology

As a non-native speaker, couldn't find a way to find this clause on the web, and need either links or explanation. I often see this: This is too rigid a procedure. He is too good an ordinary ...
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Identifying the sentence structure. Is this sentence a compound sentence?

I am trying to determine the sentence structure of the sentence: Along with every other devoted Aussie trackydack dagger, I beg the federal government to ban these abhorrent, foreign "cuffs" and ...
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120 views

Which one is correct? 'who' or 'that' in this adjective clause? [closed]

Which one is correct? He was so angry that didn't let me talk to him. or He was so angry who didn't let me talk to him. I believe that the first sentence is correct, because before "that" ...
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447 views

Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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How to identify the modified noun in multiple attribute clauses?

I am always confused with multiple attribute clauses. For example: A complete virtual system composed of virtualized hardware components onto which an unmodified operating system can be ...
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Do noun clauses need subjects?

"Homework is what I hate to do." "Homework is what makes me sad." In the first sentence, "what I hate the most" is clearly a noun clause. It functions as a subject complement. And it begins with a ...
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Comma before where when the clause is at the end of the sentence

Please tell me if I should place a comma before the word where in the two sentences below. I would like to work for you since I’m interested in working in a leading international school with ...
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110 views

Can this sentence be correct grammatically? [closed]

Here is the sentence: Are we suddenly see a dozen or more sailing in the clear blue sky? I have a bet with an editor that this sentence has a mistake, and it cant't be correct in this writing. I ...
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adverb or adjective clause

In the following sentence: If you saw anything that you feel was suspicious between these time frames, please do contact us. Is the clause "That you feel was suspicious" acting as an adverb or ...
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93 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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159 views

How can you tell which noun a clause modifies?

I'm a ESOL teacher, and I'm having trouble answering a question that a student asked me recently. We were going over long sentences, and found this one from the New York Times: Saudi Arabia said ...
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Are commas and dashes truly interchangeable?

My English teacher told me that "dashes and commas are interchangeable". For instance, "My friend, Alex, ran to the store." and, "My friend–Alex–ran to the store." are both grammatically ...
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Indicative without a subject

I'm aware that imperative and interrogative constructions can take no subject as it's usually implied ("Look this way!!", or "Why look that way?"), but what about an indicative sentence like this one: ...