How to cite things in English.

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References in a thesis

What does the lowercase letter after the year mean when citing a work in a thesis? When should I add a lowercase letter to a cited author? What are the criteria for using it? Example: Johnson (2000a)
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20 views

apa style - citing nobility

I want to cite a written work by a European (specifically, English) nobelwoman, more specifically, a countess. However, in order to make my question a bit general and to provide a comparison case, ...
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25 views

What takes predominance when writing MLA citations: literal source title or obvious grammar rules?

I am writing MLA citations for a paper and I encountered an issue. The title of one of my sources has no uppercase letters, although in normal grammar situations it should, regardless of the fact that ...
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1answer
35 views

Citation for Hook by infamous person [closed]

I am currently writing an essay for an English and Composition class at a US university and my question has to do with using a Hitler quote for my hook. My essay is about the effects of cyberbullying ...
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1answer
23 views

How to format a parenthetical citation in a parenthetical phrase?

Specifically, in APA style. I'm talking about this, for example: ...where there has been a long history (artefacts have been found (Smith, 2006)) of such matters... Is it okay to have double ...
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1answer
85 views

Use of “ante” to refer to previous pages in an English text

At work I have seen "ante" being used for referring to previous pages of notes written by staff. For instance, when one has to refer to something on previous note, he/she would write, "Refer ...
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85 views

Where do I add emphasis for a biblical in-text citation using MLA standards?

I've been researching online and in my seventh edition MLA handbook, and I cannot seem to get a definitive answer to my question. I have read accounts that suggest putting emphasis mine, emphasis ...
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3answers
51 views

Proper punctuation for compound sentence with quote that is a question

How should this be properly punctuated? What is the purpose of human existence, or is it meaningless is the question asked by Juan Valdez in "What do coffee pickers with burros think about all day ...
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2answers
73 views

When I am quoting something does it need to be incorporated into my own sentence? (Also, should I use an ellipsis?)

I am writing an essay for my English class. At one point I make a statement about the book and end the sentence. Afterwards I've inserted a direct quote from the book on its own. Here's an example: ...
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44 views

In-text citations for a play without Acts, Scenes, Pages, or Line Numbering [closed]

Our class is reading Oedipus the King, which has no Acts or Scenes. Furthermore, our teacher decided to use this version, from Gutenberg.org. This presents two further problems: the edition has no ...
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3answers
460 views

Citing a Shakespearean Play: What Constitutes a “Line”?

According to many sources that I've searched, it seems that the in-line citations for dramatic works, such as Shakeaspearean plays, are cited in the following form: act.scene.line(s). So for example, ...
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22 views

Modifying Quotations

Revising MLA conventions of citation, I found that brackets should be used whenever additions or omitions take place. But what happens when some elements (e.g. pronouns) are modified for the sake of ...
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18 views

Help with MLA Style citation

There is a website for statistics where I got information about clothes production in China but I don't know how to cite it using MLA Style. The link is ...
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1answer
134 views

Use of “courtesy of…” when citing?

There are a number of systems for citing various materials (MLA, APA, etc.). These vary by discipline, country, journal, level of formality, and so on. Obviously one should know which system should be ...
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30 views

MLA format work cited page (book)

I am writing an essay about free will and I am using this book https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/free-will I am using the first 55 pages of the book as a reference. Here is what I have in the work ...
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1answer
129 views

Is there such a thing as a sentence sign?

Many of us are familiar with the section sign (§) and the paragraph sign or pilcrow (¶), but is there a sign, symbol, or mark meant to denote a sentence? Potentially, such a mark could be used for ...
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74 views

Summarizing a paper to give a different meaning

A recent news article published an article based on certain research. They included the link to the research. However, both the title of the article, and the conclusions it drew, ran contrary to the ...
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5answers
195 views

Term for putting someone else's name on one's work?

This is the "Later Letters of Paul" effect, also seen in historic Chinese philosophical writings. One uses the name of a famous or canonical figure to lend credence or divine attribution to one's own ...
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1answer
284 views

Do page/author in-text citations go at end of quote or end of sentence? [closed]

I was just arguing with my sister about the placement of a citation after a quote if the quote was not at the end of a sentence. I thought it would be like so: According to me,"the citations go ...
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2answers
78 views

With a direct quote—placement of a comma separating dependent and independent clauses: inside the close quotation mark or after the citation?

I have been looking for the answer to this for some time. I get close, but never find the exact answer (or question for that matter). In the following sentence, should the comma fall after ...
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106 views

How to properly reference a section in a standard document?

The C Programming Language is standardized in ISO 9899, the most recent version of that standard being ISO 9899:2011. A draft of that standard is available for free under the title N1570. The standard ...
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24 views

Can a wiki site be cited if it is the primary source for information?

I'm writing a paper on tulpas and need to know if I can cite this page http://wiki.tulpa.info/Official/Glossary . Of course you're not supposed to cite a wikipedia page, but this (1) is a primary ...
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1answer
123 views

What is the proper way to cross-reference a section within the same document?

I'm updating a user manual which references other sections within the same document. Currently the cross references look like this: Lorem ipsum blah blah (see "Formigulating the whatzit"). I ...
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140 views

Chicago Manual of Style: Citations for photos downloaded from Flickr

I have "Photo Credits" section in my book containing a list of all image citations in the Chicago style, much like a bibliography. CMOS (Chicago manual of Style) 16th edition doesn't say anything ...
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1answer
833 views

Should I capitalize a person's last name if their name starts with a lower case letter but it's the first word in the sentence?

I'm trying to cite someone in a paper I'm writing whose name is "[First-name] de Soya". In my field it's common to cite papers using the "et al." style ("In their seminal paper, de Soya et al. […] ...
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2answers
798 views

If quoting only an extract of dialogue from a fiction book, do you still need to have quotes within quotes? [closed]

I need to show kids how to write a book review. I am writing a book review as an exemplar to show them how it's done. However, I got stuck when it came to citing extracts of dialogue. My question is ...
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When citing a French citation in the original, should the guillemets (angle quotes) be changed? What about punctuation order?

I’ve come across a puzzling punctuation problem! I’m working on a document in US English. It includes a citation of a French text in the original French, and this citation includes a citation (all in ...
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66 views

In MLA style, how to handle citing a volume of a multivolume work

I am revising a paper by a writer who is using MLA style for citations and Works Cited. The work in question is one of the volumes for a Complete Works series. MLA says to cite a work that occupies an ...
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99 views

Proper notation for citation covering multiple consecutive lines

I am writing corrections for a document. There is one error I have spotted on a line. Then I have recognized that the same error occurs again on the next line as well. Say that the first occurrence ...
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1answer
165 views

What does […] in the middle of a quote mean? [duplicate]

"'I'm simply defending a Negro- his name is Tom Robinson [...] Scout, you aren't old enough to understand some things yet, but there's been some high talk around town to the effect that I shouldn't do ...
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79 views

Is this in-text citation correctly punctuated?

I wonder if the following punctuation I made in my literary translation for an in-text citation is correct in conventional English. Or should I omit the period after parentheses? Or should I omit the ...
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734 views

What is the correct way to properly quote and cite a foreign language resource? [closed]

Should I provide my own translation? If so, where? It is important for this particular quote to appear directly: it is the crux of the argument.
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1answer
2k views

What does “corp.” mean in the context of MLA citation? [closed]

From this webpage it has a section to enter the information about the author that is labeled "Last / corp." What is corp? Is it short for the corporation, as in the one publishing the article?
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2answers
58 views

Citation of internet webpages that have limited lifetimes [closed]

Some websites, especially news websites, either leave up content for limited periods, or archive content after a few days and charge readers to access their archives. It seems to me that citations in ...
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4answers
263 views

Can we authenticate the claim that “grungy” was used to mean “envious or jealous” in 1920s slang?

A recent question on EL&U asks "Where did the 1920s slang word "grungy" (meaning "envious") originate, if the modern word "grungy" (meaning "dingy") ...
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150 views

Ordering of question mark, closing quotation mark, and citation [closed]

Let's say I am quoting the verse "Do you like cheese?" from the Book Of Cheese. Is it: As it is written, "Do you like cheese?" (Book Of Cheese, 43:21) or As it is written, "Do you like cheese" ...
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93 views

Comma position with citation [closed]

This question regards Vancouver referencing, though I suppose the issue could really arise regardless of what is contained in the in-text citation. Consider the sentence: As dogs are mammals they ...
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1answer
273 views

How do I cite a Stack Exchange answer in MLA? [closed]

I'd like to cite an answer to a Stack Exchange question in an MLA-format paper. What's the correct way to do this? Should I cite the specific answer I'm using, or the question page as a whole, and if ...
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2answers
4k views

Proper way to cite Wikipedia according to the Chicago Manual of Style?

In The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., it actually lists two ways to cite Wikipedia content. The first, in section 14.245, is of the form: "Style Guide," Wikipedia, last modified July 18, 2008, ...
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3k views

Using a quote from someone other than the original article author

I am writing a synthesis paper and have ran across a couple quotes using in an article that I will be contrasting with another article. In the article written by Esther Shein she includes the quote ...
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1answer
114 views

In my example, how do I use in-text citation? [closed]

I'm writing an economics research paper based on my professors journal. We only use one reference, and that is my professor's journal article. I want to use a sentence which has in-text citations. I ...
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1answer
51 views

How to use in-text citation for a sentence in an article that also uses in-text citation?

I want to use in-text citation about a sentence I'm borrowing from a journal article. But I'm confused on how to properly use it because the journal article also uses in-text citations on the same ...
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2answers
180 views

Internal Citations when Multiple Sources are Similar

For my research paper, I have multiple sources with the same title. I have 3 different sources all named "The Treaty of Versailles", with no author. They are all from internet sources. One is from ...
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4k views

How to Cite a Supreme Court Syllabus in Chicago Style?

I'm trying to cite the syllabus of a Supreme Court case in Chicago Style (Notes and Bib). Help?
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1answer
58 views

Ibid source citing source [closed]

I have a source (source A) citing source B and source C in the next citation number. I want to cite both B and C. So obviously, I should cite A, B, and C. how should I do this? Source B ...
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305 views

does the word “reference sentence” make any sense?

A book has a sentence 'A', which is cited from another book. In the other book, there is sentence 'A1' that 'A' is based on. Is it correct to say that 'A1' is the reference sentence of 'A'?
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How to cite an author who does not capltalize her name if you are beginning a sentence with her name

If you are writing a paper and citing works by an author/researcher who does not capitalize her name, how do you begin a sentence using the author's name?
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3k views

How to cite a play with no line numbers? [closed]

First off, this may not be an appropriate question for this site. I'm not sure. But I'm kind of in a hole and I'd really appreciate some help with this. I need to integrate a quotation from A Raisin ...
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489 views

What is the correct way to quote (and cite) computer code using the Chicago style?

I would like to quote from line 205 to 214 of a particular source code.
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135 views

How to represent a link in an APA style? [closed]

I was reading more on the APA style but somehow I got stuck that how can I represent a link in an APA style. Below are the links I have - ...