How to cite things in English.

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17 views

Do page/author in-text citations go at end of quote or end of sentence? [closed]

I was just arguing with my sister about the placement of a citation after a quote if the quote was not at the end of a sentence. I thought it would be like so: According to me,"the citations go ...
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2answers
22 views

With a direct quote—placement of a comma separating dependent and independent clauses: inside the close quotation mark or after the citation?

I have been looking for the answer to this for some time. I get close, but never find the exact answer (or question for that matter). In the following sentence, should the comma fall after ...
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0answers
17 views

How to properly reference a section in a standard document?

The C Programming Language is standardized in ISO 9899, the most recent version of that standard being ISO 9899:2011. A draft of that standard is available for free under the title N1570. The standard ...
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0answers
23 views

Can a wiki site be cited if it is the primary source for information?

I'm writing a paper on tulpas and need to know if I can cite this page http://wiki.tulpa.info/Official/Glossary . Of course you're not supposed to cite a wikipedia page, but this (1) is a primary ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the proper way to cross-reference a section within the same document?

I'm updating a user manual which references other sections within the same document. Currently the cross references look like this: Lorem ipsum blah blah (see "Formigulating the whatzit"). I ...
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1answer
56 views

Chicago Manual of Style: Citations for photos downloaded from Flickr

I have "Photo Credits" section in my book containing a list of all image citations in the Chicago style, much like a bibliography. CMOS (Chicago manual of Style) 16th edition doesn't say anything ...
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1answer
267 views

Should I capitalize a person's last name if their name starts with a lower case letter but it's the first word in the sentence?

I'm trying to cite someone in a paper I'm writing whose name is "[First-name] de Soya". In my field it's common to cite papers using the "et al." style ("In their seminal paper, de Soya et al. […] ...
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2answers
296 views

If quoting only an extract of dialogue from a fiction book, do you still need to have quotes within quotes? [closed]

I need to show kids how to write a book review. I am writing a book review as an exemplar to show them how it's done. However, I got stuck when it came to citing extracts of dialogue. My question is ...
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2answers
733 views

When citing a French citation in the original, should the guillemets (angle quotes) be changed? What about punctuation order?

I’ve come across a puzzling punctuation problem! I’m working on a document in US English. It includes a citation of a French text in the original French, and this citation includes a citation (all in ...
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0answers
51 views

In MLA style, how to handle citing a volume of a multivolume work

I am revising a paper by a writer who is using MLA style for citations and Works Cited. The work in question is one of the volumes for a Complete Works series. MLA says to cite a work that occupies an ...
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1answer
55 views

Proper notation for citation covering multiple consecutive lines

I am writing corrections for a document. There is one error I have spotted on a line. Then I have recognized that the same error occurs again on the next line as well. Say that the first occurrence ...
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1answer
120 views

What does […] in the middle of a quote mean? [duplicate]

"'I'm simply defending a Negro- his name is Tom Robinson [...] Scout, you aren't old enough to understand some things yet, but there's been some high talk around town to the effect that I shouldn't do ...
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1answer
48 views

Is this in-text citation correctly punctuated?

I wonder if the following punctuation I made in my literary translation for an in-text citation is correct in conventional English. Or should I omit the period after parentheses? Or should I omit the ...
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1answer
248 views

What is the correct way to properly quote and cite a foreign language resource? [closed]

Should I provide my own translation? If so, where? It is important for this particular quote to appear directly: it is the crux of the argument.
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1answer
515 views

What does “corp.” mean in the context of MLA citation? [closed]

From this webpage it has a section to enter the information about the author that is labeled "Last / corp." What is corp? Is it short for the corporation, as in the one publishing the article?
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2answers
51 views

Citation of internet webpages that have limited lifetimes [closed]

Some websites, especially news websites, either leave up content for limited periods, or archive content after a few days and charge readers to access their archives. It seems to me that citations in ...
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4answers
213 views

Can we authenticate the claim that “grungy” was used to mean “envious or jealous” in 1920s slang?

A recent question on EL&U asks "Where did the 1920s slang word "grungy" (meaning "envious") originate, if the modern word "grungy" (meaning "dingy") ...
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1answer
114 views

Ordering of question mark, closing quotation mark, and citation [closed]

Let's say I am quoting the verse "Do you like cheese?" from the Book Of Cheese. Is it: As it is written, "Do you like cheese?" (Book Of Cheese, 43:21) or As it is written, "Do you like cheese" ...
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0answers
79 views

Middle English Date citations in Oxford English Dictionary [closed]

I have seen some citations in the OED that use dates such as 'c. 1295', which I assume to mean 'circa 1295'. However, I have also seen dates that appear as 'a. 1393' - what does this 'a' stand for? ...
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1answer
69 views

Comma position with citation [closed]

This question regards Vancouver referencing, though I suppose the issue could really arise regardless of what is contained in the in-text citation. Consider the sentence: As dogs are mammals they ...
2
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1answer
174 views

How do I cite a Stack Exchange answer in MLA? [closed]

I'd like to cite an answer to a Stack Exchange question in an MLA-format paper. What's the correct way to do this? Should I cite the specific answer I'm using, or the question page as a whole, and if ...
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1answer
1k views

Proper way to cite Wikipedia according to the Chicago Manual of Style?

In The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., it actually lists two ways to cite Wikipedia content. The first, in section 14.245, is of the form: "Style Guide," Wikipedia, last modified July 18, 2008, ...
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1answer
2k views

Using a quote from someone other than the original article author

I am writing a synthesis paper and have ran across a couple quotes using in an article that I will be contrasting with another article. In the article written by Esther Shein she includes the quote ...
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1answer
86 views

In my example, how do I use in-text citation? [closed]

I'm writing an economics research paper based on my professors journal. We only use one reference, and that is my professor's journal article. I want to use a sentence which has in-text citations. I ...
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1answer
45 views

How to use in-text citation for a sentence in an article that also uses in-text citation?

I want to use in-text citation about a sentence I'm borrowing from a journal article. But I'm confused on how to properly use it because the journal article also uses in-text citations on the same ...
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2answers
111 views

Internal Citations when Multiple Sources are Similar

For my research paper, I have multiple sources with the same title. I have 3 different sources all named "The Treaty of Versailles", with no author. They are all from internet sources. One is from ...
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1answer
2k views

How to Cite a Supreme Court Syllabus in Chicago Style?

I'm trying to cite the syllabus of a Supreme Court case in Chicago Style (Notes and Bib). Help?
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1answer
48 views

Ibid source citing source [closed]

I have a source (source A) citing source B and source C in the next citation number. I want to cite both B and C. So obviously, I should cite A, B, and C. how should I do this? Source B ...
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1answer
196 views

does the word “reference sentence” make any sense?

A book has a sentence 'A', which is cited from another book. In the other book, there is sentence 'A1' that 'A' is based on. Is it correct to say that 'A1' is the reference sentence of 'A'?
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2answers
1k views

How to cite an author who does not capltalize her name if you are beginning a sentence with her name

If you are writing a paper and citing works by an author/researcher who does not capitalize her name, how do you begin a sentence using the author's name?
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1answer
1k views

How to cite a play with no line numbers? [closed]

First off, this may not be an appropriate question for this site. I'm not sure. But I'm kind of in a hole and I'd really appreciate some help with this. I need to integrate a quotation from A Raisin ...
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2answers
252 views

What is the correct way to quote (and cite) computer code using the Chicago style?

I would like to quote from line 205 to 214 of a particular source code.
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1answer
79 views

How to represent a link in an APA style? [closed]

I was reading more on the APA style but somehow I got stuck that how can I represent a link in an APA style. Below are the links I have - ...
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2answers
674 views

How to cite a court case?

I am unsure on how to cite a court case. The one I am trying to cite is Riley v. California. The information I can plainly see is Court of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District Division One State ...
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1answer
35 views

difference between “cited in” and “cited after”

what's the difference between "cited in" and "cited after" eg (cited in Hofstadter 1969: 10) and (cited after Manin 1997: 3)
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0answers
16 views

Quoting non-contiguous paragraphs [duplicate]

How do I quote two non-contiguous paragraphs from a longer article? I want to be clear that they're non-contiguous, but not have an editorial interlude between them. Here's an example quotation from ...
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1answer
358 views

How to cite an author who spells his name inconsistently

I am writing a paper where I will cite several works by the Hungarian mathematician Gábor Szegő. Note that his surname includes the letter o with a double acute accent, NOT a letter o with umlaut ö. ...
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2answers
126 views

Commas with quotes [duplicate]

I read the following sentence1: He rallied the Senate with the plea, “It’s time to change the Senate before this institution becomes obsolete.” I’m wondering whether a comma should be placed ...
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1answer
1k views

How should an author cite a page and line number range that spans across multiple pages?

Authors are occasionally required to cite to a reference by page and line number. For example, many adjudicatory boards require briefs to cite to references by paragraph number, if possible, and ...
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3answers
227 views

What is the name for right-aligning a citation on the last line of a paragraph?

Is there a term for when you layout a paragraph with a right-aligned citation on the last line, like this: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus quam mauris, tincidunt ...
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2answers
113 views

How to make a citation for a sentence that is used in my own context?

I have read something from an author and I think I would like to use part of his idea in my own context. But how should I cite the author so that it isn't misleading? Let me give an example. Suppose ...
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1answer
62 views

What is the most common word for indicating a source of the citation? (e.g. Source:/Reference:/From:) [closed]

For example, The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. From: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun What is the bestmost common word for the above bold part? From, ...
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1answer
60 views

Where can I find a good list of MLA citation formats? [closed]

I am working on programing a citation generator. It will only make citations in MLA format. Does anyone know where I can find a good MLA citation form resource
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1answer
623 views

How to cite when describing a protocol?

I am writing a paper that involves the description of numerous internet protocols. Because of the rigidity of these protocols, it's difficult for any one description to sound much different from any ...
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1answer
200 views

Can I use “linkography” instead of “bibliography” when referring to web links?

I’m writing a piece of documentation and I want to add the links I'm referring to at the bottom of my document. Since they are links and not books, I think the section title should not use the word ...
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1answer
74 views

Changing case within quoted text

I'm familiar with the convention that square brackets may be used within quoted text to indicate word[s] that aren't actually present [in that exact form] in the original. It's often necessary where ...
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1answer
214 views

How to cite a poem, with a quote that is on multiple non-contiguous lines?

I have to cite a quote from a poem that is on multiple lines that are not next to eachother. How would I do this? "This is my quote" (line1 - line 2) OR "This is my quote" (line1 .. line2) ?
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1answer
115 views

How to properly number paragraph according to APA style [closed]

If an article cites (Mara, 2010, “Mission,” para. 1) using APA style, does para.1 refer to first paragraph within the "Mission" section? or the whole page?
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76 views

Does MLA require intext citations to include author's last name if you introduced his name earlier in your work? [closed]

I'm a bit unsure if I can go about excluding author last names in citations for a paper I've been writing. I have to compare two characters from different stories in the same anthology. I have quotes ...
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1answer
92 views

Inline citation for source refrenced a second time [closed]

I'm using IEEE citation style. If information is cited from one source, then another, then again from the first how does the inline citation work? Take the following made up example: Dogs make ...