This tags is for questions about the use of capital letters in writing.

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1answer
27 views

Should foreign titles be capitalized according to English rules?

Most words in a title are capitalized in English but this is not true of all languages; others only capitalize the first word and proper nouns. When you want to use a foreign title in an English text, ...
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1answer
51 views

Correct spelling for BOD and DO

What is the correct way to spell "biochemical oxygen demand" and "dissolved oxygen" in the middle of a sentence? Should the initial letters be capitalized?
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3answers
3k views

“The Midwest of the U.S.”

The New Oxford American Dictionary reports the following definition for Middle America: Middle America |ˈˌmɪdl əˈmɛrəkə| noun 1 the middle class in the U.S., esp. when regarded as a ...
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0answers
103 views

Should it be capitalized? “The state of Michigan has many lakes.” [duplicate]

I was wondering if "state" should be capitalized in the following sentence. "The state of Michigan has many lakes." Will you tell me if I should capitalize "state"?
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1answer
34 views

Capitalization of “RF” versus “dc”

In English-language papers, I often see "dc" (as in direct current) in lowercase, but "RF" (as in radio frequency) in uppercase. For example, this paper includes both usages at the bottom of page 618: ...
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6answers
14k views

Should I capitalize the starting sentence after a greeting that ends in a comma (e.g. “Hello,”)?

Should I open the starting sentence after comma in adressing "Hi," ("Hello,") with capital letter? Hi, Xxxl, Dear Xxx L, let me ... vs. Dear Xxx L, Let me ... In Russian it ...
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2answers
103 views

Is the word language in this context a proper noun?

My phrase is "Spanish language TV spend" with respect to advertising on Spanish language TV ads. In this context, should the l in language be capitalized?
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4answers
50 views

Does “Bitcoin” need to be capitalized?

Does "Bitcoin" need to be capitalized? In formal writing or informal, what is the current usage?
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1answer
60 views

Is an implied proper noun *really* a proper noun?

With reference to the following sentence: I am returning to University in a few weeks. Given that the person stating this is referring to a specific university through implication (for example, ...
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0answers
24 views

writing titles in capital letters

Is it necessary to write all the title in capital letters or is it fine to write only the first word in capital letters and the rest all small?
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3answers
4k views

Capitalization for “Federal”

I'm writing an article for publication and I want to capitalize the following sentence appropriately. "You need to know that Federal law bars the lender from accelerating the mortgage on your ...
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1answer
34 views

why is it “one European institution”, but “European Institutions” (with capital i) if talking about several authorities?

I found this spelling differentiation on the website of the EU commission and you can see it on wikipedia, too: "There are a range of European Institutions in Strasbourg (France), the oldest of which ...
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4answers
5k views

When is it correct to capitalise 'earth'?

At the beginning of a sentence is obvious. I'm referring to the following examples: A handful of earth. The earth under this house. The earth beneath my feet. What on earth? The ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Must I capitalize Tivoli?

In this sentence: "Bakken is the world's oldest tivoli", must tivoli be capitalized ? My program's atleast trying to make me think I must.
2
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1answer
39 views

Capitalization with quotation marks

I have this sentence: We recommend that parents consciously convey the message, "Everybody needs to follow the safety rules" rather than "Do what the babysitter says." My inclination is to ...
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1answer
28 views

Capitalisation of geographical entities in lists

I cannot seem to find an agreement on the proper capitalisation of geographical entities that use common nouns as part of their full name. Specifically my example is: ...was found in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Capitalization for a bullet list

The following is from some software documentation we are writing: NOTE: Refreshing a report may be necessary or helpful when: you believe the data in the report has changed since it was ...
0
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1answer
58 views

How is title case applied to idioms containing prepositions?

For title case that does not capitalize articles, conjunctions, and small prepositions, how should one capitalize compound verbs and idiomatic phrases containing one of these elements? For example, ...
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2answers
48 views

Capitalization of the word “municipality”

When I am referring specifically to the Municipality of Durham, for example, and I write the following sentence: The Municipality has approved Article 5.3 of the meeting agenda. Is the word ...
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2answers
70 views

Capital letters in “Theorem”, “Conjecture” etc

This is my first post and as you can probably guess I am a mathematician so I have no clue about grammar. I am writing a mathematical document at the moment and I would appreciate some advice on my ...
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2answers
75k views

When should “Mom” and “Dad” be capitalized?

I am trying to understand capitalization rules with Mom and Dad. I believe I have it correct below, but please let me know if I do not. The one thing I learned from my dad was that it was good to ...
6
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2answers
727 views

Capitalization of “sister” and “brother”

I have seen the question on when to capitalize mom and dad, but I am confused why the rule would not apply equally to Brother vs. brother and Sister vs. sister. I.e., if the rule is to use capitals ...
2
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1answer
41 views

When referencing attached documents at the end of a sentence in parenthesis do you capitalize the first letter? [duplicate]

The aging reports are used by management to determine what files should be worked on first (see aging reports attached).
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3answers
115 views

When should types of cheese be capitalized?

Does this recipe call for Cheddar cheese or cheddar cheese? Does pizza have mozzarella or Mozzarella on it? Heck, I'm not even sure if this sandwich contains Swiss cheese or swiss cheese. Is there a ...
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1answer
67 views

In the Dickensian era, was a capital letter preserved through apostrophe contractions?

Assume that a certain word is capitalised, for example "Microsoft." Say (for whatever reason, perhaps slang) you were going to shorten that certain word, using an apostrophe. Today, I'd say we would ...
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2answers
115 views

Capitalizing First Letter of Word in Continuing Dialogue

I have a rather tricky question - I'm a writer, about to send my manuscript off to agents and publishers, and have noticed I have a rather strange writing style, particularly when it comes to ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Does capitalization change the meaning of the word coke?

Does capitalization change the meaning of the word coke? Does Coke mean the soda and coke mean the drug? Is there a grammar term that denotes this behavior? Or is there no rule and it's simply the ...
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2answers
2k views

Capitalization After Colon

Should the first word after a colon be capitalized? "For example: This." OR "For example: this."
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0answers
44 views

SCUBA upper or lower case? [duplicate]

In a university project which I am writing I have been reprimanded at least 10 times for using the word scuba in lower case. i.e. Scuba tank, Scuba diving etc. Is this permissible and can I tell my ...
2
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2answers
9k views

What words should be capitalized in “to whom it may concern”?

I'm writing a business recommendation, and since it's a proxy for a proper name, it seems like capitalization might be in order, but it looks odd.
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10answers
51k views

Should it be “Happy Birthday!” or “Happy birthday!” when used as a two word sentence?

I've always simply written it "Happy birthday!" but my wife recently said that "Birthday" should be capitalized as well. What's grammatically correct?
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2answers
73 views

Does one capitalize “Portuguese” when used in a hyphenated adjective? [closed]

When Portuguese is used as part of a hyphenated adjective, does it take an initial capital letter? Just checking on this while proofreading an article. Examples: portuguese-speaking college ...
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1answer
39 views

Specifying geography with cardinal directions [duplicate]

So here in America we are in "the West". Would this become "the Western world" or "the western world? " I'll assume the same applies to "the East" (Asia).
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1answer
88 views

Initial capitalization of foreign surnames when starting a sentence

In the book, "The Crystal Shard," by R.A. Salvatore, a character is surnamed "de Bernezan." Which of the following complete sentences uses the correct English-language capitalization: de Bernezan ...
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2answers
31 views

How to capitalize and italicize proper nouns with the same ending

Let's say there's an English Language Questionnaire and an English Usage Questionnaire (I want them to be italicized), and I want to refer to them together, by name. What should I use: The English ...
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2answers
95 views

Capitalising “river” or such geographical entities when preceded by “the”

In British English, it would be River Thames, River Jordan, etc, (as opposed to AmE requiring “River” after the name). So: I swam in River Jordan. But, what happens to river’s capitalisation ...
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2answers
56 views

How to refer to a specific floor of a building

Are there any differences between "floor" and "Floor" when talking about areas of a building? For example, "The children book section is on the 4th floor" or "The children book section is on the 4th ...
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1answer
202 views

How are invented names like “scrypt” pronounced that include nonstandard abbreviations?

In technical contexts, I often come across terms that are invented names where some underlying meaning is not spelled out but can be inferred. This inferred meaning would often be lost if one tried to ...
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2answers
3k views

Should broader types be capitalized?

I'm seeing that I get a red squiggle under the words asian and european. When I right-click either, it wants to capitalize the word. I wouldn't think a general type of thing gets capitalized, such as ...
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1answer
33 views

Capitalising the second word in a compound role-title

When a title, made of two hyphenated words, is followed by a proper noun, is the word after the hyphen capitalised? Eg. I understand that the following statement is correct: He killed King Ravan. ...
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0answers
9 views

Title case: “Stand-alone” or “Stand-Alone”? [duplicate]

I need to write a "stand-alone" adjective as a part of a title. Which capitalisation is correct: Stand-alone or Stand-Alone?
0
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1answer
339 views

Should a note be addressed with “Hi all” or “Hi All”?

It is common to begin an email with the greeting "hi all" when the note is addressed to multiple recipients. What, however, is the correct capitalization of "all" in this context? Does it become a ...
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5answers
2k views

“Upper-case” is to “capital” as “lowercase” is to what?

Is there a corresponding word to go with capital to mean lower-case?
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0answers
13 views

When should the words yes and no be in quotations? [duplicate]

I am wondering how yes and no should be quoted when transcribing. A few examples: 1-Is that no you don't know, or no you weren't there?/Is that "no" you don't know, or "no" you weren't there? (I ...
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2answers
111 views

Capitalization of bpm/BPM meaning beats per minute

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "bpm" as an abbreviation of "beats per minute" and gives the example: a pulse rate of 40 bpm Is there an explanation for the curious feature that this ...
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1answer
130 views

what is the proper capitalization of “hors d'oeuvre”?

Possible options include capitalizing either the "h", "d", and/or "o". Are any of these options considered either correct or incorrect?
21
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5answers
12k views

Capitalisation of nouns in English in the 17th and 18th centuries

It seems to have been common practice in the 17th and 18th centuries in Britain to capitalise the first letters of nouns in English, e.g. At which Time he prov'd himself the Noah's Dove, that ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Should I capitalize the word 'Web' in this sentence?

A dedicated web server may be required, depending on XXX, YYY, ZZZ, and the total number of concurrent Web users
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2answers
47 views

captilization of words with abbreviation

I always used to capitalize first letter of words that have abbreviation. For example, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). I do this more often when i mention the ...
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2answers
296 views

use of caps for zip code

I would like to know which of "ZIP Code" or "ZIP code" is correct. One of our contributors has alerted me to the fact that the term is a registered name owned by the Postal Service, but, to my mind, ...