This tags is for questions about the use of capital letters in writing.

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23 views

Lowercase w/ and w/o or W/ and W/O - which is better?

I am working at an engineering firm and discussing why the lower case w/ and w/o is more widely used and maybe correct, when all the abbreviations here are capitalized, like W/ and W/O. I think it is ...
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2answers
38 views

Should you capitalize mom or dad when you say, Susie's mom and dad? [closed]

How will I know this? Can someone help me before Friday?
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0answers
26 views

Capitalization of hyphenated words with corresponding acronyms?

There is a related question here, though I am specifically interested in words that have a corresponding acronym. i.e. do the capitalization rules change on first and/or subsequent use of a term ...
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0answers
32 views

In “Bat Out of Hell”, should “Out of” be capitalized? [duplicate]

Should either or both words in "out of" be capitalized (e.g., Bat Out of Hell)? I wanted to clarify because the "o" is commonly capitalized in any Google search hits.
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2answers
30 views

Capitalization: 'rivers'

In the following sentence, is rivers capitalized or not? The Delaware and Potomac rivers are beautiful.
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1answer
24 views

Should I capitalise “or” between examples?

On this site, there are often many different options as an answer, for example both with and without the Oxford comma. When giving multiple options, should I capitalize the word "or" between them? ...
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2answers
50 views

Should foreign titles be capitalized according to English rules?

Most words in a title are capitalized in English but this is not true of all languages; others only capitalize the first word and proper nouns. When you want to use a foreign title in an English text, ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Capitalization of “RF” versus “dc”

In English-language papers, I often see "dc" (as in direct current) in lowercase, but "RF" (as in radio frequency) in uppercase. For example, this paper includes both usages at the bottom of page 618: ...
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4answers
55 views

Does “Bitcoin” need to be capitalized?

Does "Bitcoin" need to be capitalized? In formal writing or informal, what is the current usage?
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1answer
70 views

Is an implied proper noun *really* a proper noun?

With reference to the following sentence: I am returning to University in a few weeks. Given that the person stating this is referring to a specific university through implication (for example, ...
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0answers
139 views

Should it be capitalized? “The state of Michigan has many lakes.” [duplicate]

I was wondering if "state" should be capitalized in the following sentence. "The state of Michigan has many lakes." Will you tell me if I should capitalize "state"?
2
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1answer
49 views

Must I capitalize Tivoli?

In this sentence: "Bakken is the world's oldest tivoli", must tivoli be capitalized ? My program's atleast trying to make me think I must.
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1answer
32 views

Capitalisation of geographical entities in lists

I cannot seem to find an agreement on the proper capitalisation of geographical entities that use common nouns as part of their full name. Specifically my example is: ...was found in the ...
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1answer
70 views

How is title case applied to idioms containing prepositions?

For title case that does not capitalize articles, conjunctions, and small prepositions, how should one capitalize compound verbs and idiomatic phrases containing one of these elements? For example, ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Capitalization with quotation marks

I have this sentence: We recommend that parents consciously convey the message, "Everybody needs to follow the safety rules" rather than "Do what the babysitter says." My inclination is to ...
3
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2answers
86 views

Capital letters in “Theorem”, “Conjecture” etc

This is my first post and as you can probably guess I am a mathematician so I have no clue about grammar. I am writing a mathematical document at the moment and I would appreciate some advice on my ...
2
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1answer
71 views

When referencing attached documents at the end of a sentence in parenthesis do you capitalize the first letter? [duplicate]

The aging reports are used by management to determine what files should be worked on first (see aging reports attached).
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2answers
55 views

Capitalization of the word “municipality”

When I am referring specifically to the Municipality of Durham, for example, and I write the following sentence: The Municipality has approved Article 5.3 of the meeting agenda. Is the word ...
2
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3answers
223 views

When should types of cheese be capitalized?

Does this recipe call for Cheddar cheese or cheddar cheese? Does pizza have mozzarella or Mozzarella on it? Heck, I'm not even sure if this sandwich contains Swiss cheese or swiss cheese. Is there a ...
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1answer
71 views

In the Dickensian era, was a capital letter preserved through apostrophe contractions?

Assume that a certain word is capitalised, for example "Microsoft." Say (for whatever reason, perhaps slang) you were going to shorten that certain word, using an apostrophe. Today, I'd say we would ...
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1answer
37 views

why is it “one European institution”, but “European Institutions” (with capital i) if talking about several authorities?

I found this spelling differentiation on the website of the EU commission and you can see it on wikipedia, too: "There are a range of European Institutions in Strasbourg (France), the oldest of which ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Does capitalization change the meaning of the word coke?

Does capitalization change the meaning of the word coke? Does Coke mean the soda and coke mean the drug? Is there a grammar term that denotes this behavior? Or is there no rule and it's simply the ...
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0answers
44 views

SCUBA upper or lower case? [duplicate]

In a university project which I am writing I have been reprimanded at least 10 times for using the word scuba in lower case. i.e. Scuba tank, Scuba diving etc. Is this permissible and can I tell my ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Capitalizing First Letter of Word in Continuing Dialogue

I have a rather tricky question - I'm a writer, about to send my manuscript off to agents and publishers, and have noticed I have a rather strange writing style, particularly when it comes to ...
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2answers
78 views

Does one capitalize “Portuguese” when used in a hyphenated adjective? [closed]

When Portuguese is used as part of a hyphenated adjective, does it take an initial capital letter? Just checking on this while proofreading an article. Examples: portuguese-speaking college ...
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2answers
133 views

Is the word language in this context a proper noun?

My phrase is "Spanish language TV spend" with respect to advertising on Spanish language TV ads. In this context, should the l in language be capitalized?
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1answer
52 views

Specifying geography with cardinal directions [duplicate]

So here in America we are in "the West". Would this become "the Western world" or "the western world? " I'll assume the same applies to "the East" (Asia).
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2answers
36 views

How to capitalize and italicize proper nouns with the same ending

Let's say there's an English Language Questionnaire and an English Usage Questionnaire (I want them to be italicized), and I want to refer to them together, by name. What should I use: The English ...
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1answer
118 views

Initial capitalization of foreign surnames when starting a sentence

In the book, "The Crystal Shard," by R.A. Salvatore, a character is surnamed "de Bernezan." Which of the following complete sentences uses the correct English-language capitalization: de Bernezan ...
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2answers
111 views

Capitalising “river” or such geographical entities when preceded by “the”

In British English, it would be River Thames, River Jordan, etc, (as opposed to AmE requiring “River” after the name). So: I swam in River Jordan. But, what happens to river’s capitalisation ...
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2answers
64 views

How to refer to a specific floor of a building

Are there any differences between "floor" and "Floor" when talking about areas of a building? For example, "The children book section is on the 4th floor" or "The children book section is on the 4th ...
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1answer
42 views

Capitalising the second word in a compound role-title

When a title, made of two hyphenated words, is followed by a proper noun, is the word after the hyphen capitalised? Eg. I understand that the following statement is correct: He killed King Ravan. ...
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1answer
55 views

Correct spelling for BOD and DO

What is the correct way to spell "biochemical oxygen demand" and "dissolved oxygen" in the middle of a sentence? Should the initial letters be capitalized?
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0answers
9 views

Title case: “Stand-alone” or “Stand-Alone”? [duplicate]

I need to write a "stand-alone" adjective as a part of a title. Which capitalisation is correct: Stand-alone or Stand-Alone?
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1answer
699 views

Should a note be addressed with “Hi all” or “Hi All”?

It is common to begin an email with the greeting "hi all" when the note is addressed to multiple recipients. What, however, is the correct capitalization of "all" in this context? Does it become a ...
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0answers
13 views

When should the words yes and no be in quotations? [duplicate]

I am wondering how yes and no should be quoted when transcribing. A few examples: 1-Is that no you don't know, or no you weren't there?/Is that "no" you don't know, or "no" you weren't there? (I ...
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1answer
292 views

what is the proper capitalization of “hors d'oeuvre”?

Possible options include capitalizing either the "h", "d", and/or "o". Are any of these options considered either correct or incorrect?
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2answers
150 views

Capitalization of bpm/BPM meaning beats per minute

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "bpm" as an abbreviation of "beats per minute" and gives the example: a pulse rate of 40 bpm Is there an explanation for the curious feature that this ...
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2answers
51 views

captilization of words with abbreviation

I always used to capitalize first letter of words that have abbreviation. For example, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). I do this more often when i mention the ...
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2answers
419 views

Use of caps for zip code

I would like to know which of "ZIP Code" or "ZIP code" is correct. One of our contributors has alerted me to the fact that the term is a registered name owned by the US Postal Service, but, to my ...
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1answer
49 views

The subject or should it be Subject is being moved to a new area tomorrow? [closed]

Subject or subject? Which is proper to use if subject refers to person, inmate,etc....
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2answers
159 views

Are white and black ever capitalized when referring to people

What is the accepted custom regarding capitalization when it comes to "White" and "Black" when referring to race, whether they are being used as nouns or adjectives?
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3answers
593 views

Should Units of Measure be capitalized? [closed]

I just created an inch to mm conversion calculator and I am writing a blog post announcing its launch. When should I capitalize the terms inch and millimeter? Does it matter if I'm spelling it out? ...
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2answers
1k views

Capitalization of “sister” and “brother”

I have seen the question on when to capitalize mom and dad, but I am confused why the rule would not apply equally to Brother vs. brother and Sister vs. sister. I.e., if the rule is to use capitals ...
1
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1answer
63 views

When writing a title, do you capitalize “the” in names like “Boris The Animal”? [duplicate]

When writing a title, do you capitalize "the" in names like "Boris The Animal", "Mike the Bike Guy" or "Tom The Dancing Bug"?
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1answer
26 views

Should “popperians” be capitalized?

Popperians being people who are sympathetic with Karl Popper's views? In general, should groups of people who take their collective name from a proper noun in turn capitalize their name?
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2answers
98 views

How to capitalize “get out of” in a title according to CMOS?

I need to know how to correctly capitalize this title. I usually go with the Chicago Manual of Style for rules, but wasn't able to find anything regarding something like this: This Is How He ...
2
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4answers
152 views

Must the word after a question mark be capitalised where the question mark does not terminate the sentence?

Here is a sentence: Before we can examine the implications of neuroscience for criminal law, we must address two more fundamental questions: Why do we punish criminals at all? and How severely ...
2
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4answers
713 views

Capitalization of words derived from proper nouns

Should words derived from proper nouns be capitalized or not? e.g. "Romanize/romanize", "Boolean/boolean" (I have seen both forms in the corpora and dictionaries). Personally I think the derived ...
1
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1answer
91 views

Capitalization after '3D'

I'm translating for a company that creates specialized 3D software. In a lot of the brochures, there are bullet points for things like '3D road design.' or '3D visibility.' To my eye, the words 'road' ...