An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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What does “i.c.” mean?

This is a scholarly footnote: "Ferrarius, lib. i.c. iii p. 108." I do not understand what "i.c." means.
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1answer
28 views

Can PhD be written as PH.D in a name card? [duplicate]

I came across a name card from an academic staff, with title after the name written as PH.D Is this proper? WW
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1answer
67 views

What preposition to use with file extensions?

Basically, should I mentally decode file extension abbreviations, and thus: Documents in PDF (in format) Photos according to JPEG (... group) Alternatives: Shall I keep it as PDF? Could ...
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1answer
55 views

Single word for “how many” [on hold]

Is there a way to say "how many" in a single word? (even something in Old English should be good enough)
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4answers
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Is IOU an abbreviation, an acronym, or an initialism?

IOU stands for I owe you and we pronounce each letter separately. But how do we classify that construction"? abbreviation: a shortened form of a word or phrase acronym: an abbreviation formed from ...
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3answers
390 views

Should the abbreviation 'i.e.' be used in speech? [on hold]

I often hear people use the abbreviation 'i.e.' while speaking. It does not seem right to me. Similarly with 'e.g.' — I would always say 'for example' rather than 'e.g.'. So is it appropriate to ...
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3answers
44 views

Using hyphen to avoid repeating a word

In Finnish, 'linja-auto' is a bus, and 'rekka-auto' is a truck. If I were to write that I traveled with both I would write Matkustin linja- ja rekka-autolla. The sentence is equal to ...
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2answers
37 views

(Latin) Abbrevation for 'apropos' / 'regarding' / 'with respect to'

I am looking for a convenient abbreviation for the construction of 'with respect to' or 'regarding' or 'apropos'. I used to write "A with respect to B" as "A cf. B" but this is not really correct. Is ...
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2answers
48 views

What is the right way of abbreviating expressions like “A of B”? [closed]

Would it be... AOB AoB AB or something else? e.g. "Centre of Gravity" --> [COG/CoG/CG]
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2answers
575 views

Is there a name for the abbreviated syntax used in signs?

For instance, a train sign might say South bound trains this platform rather than Use this platform to take a Southbound train. There is an interesting lack of articles and sometimes verbs, is there ...
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1answer
94 views

How to transcribe a spoken abbreviation in writing

(This question was inspired by comments in a similar – but not duplicate – question.) Suppose I'm tasked with transcribing a physics lecture, and the instructor says that the answer is “42 km/s.” ...
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1answer
30 views

Need confirmation of usage of apostrophes

i often saw sentences like Inside we have the Curve’s, a cleaning tool, and 2 pairs of Comply’s. is 's meaning the word being possessed or abbreviation?
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Pronunciation of 'cos' (as in the mathematical term)

What is the correct pronunciation for the mathematical abbreviation 'cos' when it is not pronounced in its complete form 'cosine'? I pronounce it as 'k-aw-ss', but a couple of Canadian friends I have ...
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2answers
1k views

Photo creds or photo cred?

A lot of people nowadays use the phrase "photo creds" eg: Here's an awesome photo of me! Photo creds to John! Creds usually means credit or credits. But then you get the sentences: Photo ...
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1answer
31 views

Title for student organization

I'm updating the website for my student organization. Link. Officially, we are the Texas A&M University Student Branch of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. The banner at the ...
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4answers
103k views

what is the correct abbreviation for millions, billions and trillions in a financial context?

I've found answers on the web but also got conflicting answers from financial professionals (coworkers). In metric, you'd use M (mega) for million, G (giga) for billion and T (tera) for trillion. ...
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3answers
110 views

“I make a hundred k a year”

How much money does someone earn when he says I make a hundred k a year. I understand it as make = earn hundred = 100 k = kilo So my final sentence is I earn 100000 CUR a year. where CUR is ...
4
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1answer
74 views

Why is “ammunition” shortened to “ammo” and not “ammu”?

According to Etymonline, ammo has been used as a shortened form of ammunition since 1917. Why does the shortened version end in o instead of u? The only reason I can think of is that it matches other ...
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3answers
4k views

Does the abbreviation for Saint in a church name require a period?

In referring to a local church, does the name "St Giles" require a period after the "St"? I was told that to add a period confuses it with the abbreviation for street.
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When “etc.” is at the end of a phrase, do you place a period after it?

Example: It's all about apples, oranges, bananas, etc. VS. It's all about apples, oranges, bananas, etc..
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1answer
45 views

British abbreviations [closed]

What is the accepted British practice for abbreviations - are full stops still used to abbreviate? In particular, what is the correct abbreviation of number? Is it No 1 or No.1?
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Can “how has ” be abbreviated?

For example, if I say "How is your day going" I can abbreviate that to "How's" (How is). But if I said "How has your day been" can I abbreviate that to "How's" (How has)?
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What is the proper title abbreviation for addressing multiple people?

I'm writing a letter to several recipients in the same document and want to address them correctly at the start. Is the following correct (I suspect not) and if not, what should it be: Dear Mr's ...
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3answers
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What are the patterns/rules for determining U.S. state abbreviations?

I vaguely recall memorizing the state abbreviations in grades school. And I seem to remember my teacher sharing a few ground rules for helping us memorize them. No two states may have the same ...
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1answer
109 views

Regarding abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text

What is common practice regarding the use of abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text? Is it encouraged? Should it be avoided? Is it preferable to include the full name of the term ...
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Why do some words have “X” as a substitute?

Why do people sometimes substitute x for letters in a word? Examples: Xing Xmas Xfr
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We should use abbreviation full name with capital first letters in footnote? [closed]

Suppose that I have a abbreviation in a scientific article and using a footnote for full name. Which one is true? Abbreviation (in text): AHS Footnote1: American Healthcare Society Footnote2 : ...
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3answers
259 views

What is the origin of “TX” as an abbreviation for “transaction”?

Acronymfinder.com lists TX as a rare abbreviation for "transaction", particularly in the context of computers. It use by the Bitcoin protocol may be its best-known application, but I've also found a ...
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0answers
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Is there a term for a non-abbreviated word? [duplicate]

Take for example "memo", being short for "memorandum". If "memo" is an abbreviation, what is "memorandum"? Is there a term for the original, non-abbreviated word?
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what is the short form for 'little' ? Is it li'l or lil'?

what is the short form for 'little' ? Is it li'l or lil'?
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1answer
81 views

What is n' the abreviation of [closed]

Can someone explain to me what n' is the abbreviation of. I have found someone using it like born n' bred. To me that would be stating a missing letter to shorten it down. But wouldn't it mean nd ...
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6answers
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What is the opposite of “abbreviation”?

What is the opposite of "abbreviation"? For example, if ELL is an abbreviation for English Language Learners, then English Language Learners is a(n) _______ for ELL. I'm looking for a word that will ...
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7answers
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Are “w/o”, “w/”, “b/c” common abbreviations in the US?

I remember when staying a few months in the US years ago that I saw some people using the abbreviations below. However, I can't exactly remember in which contexts I encountered them, (whether I saw my ...
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2answers
489 views

What is the students' jargon or abbreviation for assignments made up of “only” data downloaded from the internet in English? (If it exists)

Japanese students call a report and essay made up by only putting data downloaded from the Internet e.g. passages from Wikipedia put together without including their own thoughts or creative ideas, a ...
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75 views

Is 'e.g.,' or 'e.g.' correct? [duplicate]

Is 'e.g.,' or 'e.g.' correct?. In some published papers, I either see 'e.g.,' or 'e.g.' used in some sentences or phrases. Can someone justify and comment?
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48 views

Usage of the word “one” in conjuction with name in genetive, like this example [closed]

A friend of mine sent me this picture. I wanted to answer with "Should be the Alladin's one" or "Should be Alladin's" my question is are both correct and which one is more preferable?
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0answers
72 views

Is there a correct abbreviation for “Interest” or “Interested”?

According to AllAcronyms.com, an acceptable abbreviation for "Interest" is "Int." Yet I am unsure that this is correct. What is the correct abbreviation for "Interested" and conversely "Not ...
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1answer
102 views

Using “e.g.” instead of “for example”

I am reviewing a software manual, and I frequently come across sentences like (made-up example): The value is 1, but you can set it to e.g. 100 It seems to me that the use of "e.g." is wrong in ...
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4answers
996 views

Is it okay to ignore putting periods between initials?

My name is Venkatesh MG. M stands for the name of my birth place, which begins with M, and G is an initial derived from my father's name. Since school, I have been using only these two variations of ...
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1answer
79 views

Why are i.e. and e.g. abbreviated with periods between each word and etc. not?

Why are i.e. (id est) and e.g. (exempli gratia) abbreviated with periods between each word and etc. (et cetera) not abbreviated as et.c.?
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What's exactly I'mma? I'mma go now, I'mma open that for you

When I chat I hear sometimes "I'mma ..." like in: "I'mma go now" or "I'mma open that for you" I am not sure how it's written, I have never got a precise answer when I asked. Should I learn to ...
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1answer
50 views

Plural form of abbreviation ending with “s” [duplicate]

I am wondering how can We pluralize the abbreviation "TS" (Training Sequence)? Is it " TSes" or "TS's", I think It can't be "TSs"
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180 views

Punctuation with US measurements

Should a period be used with a measurement that is a compound term, e.g., ft-lb?
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How would you abbreviate surnames starting with Mc/O/D?

On my sport team, when we communicate we would like to use first name plus initial last name initial, e.g. John S. for John Smith, however I always wonder how I should abbreviate some of the Gaelic / ...
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4answers
82 views

Can you end a list with “e.g.”? [duplicate]

Can you use "e.g." after you have listed something? I've been busy trying to figure out training, WHMIS e.g.
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1answer
111 views

What does “w/” mean? [closed]

The B strings tuned w/ low E 7th fret harmonic-(6th string,7th fret).
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31k views

How do you spell wifi / Wi-Fi / WiFi? [closed]

This is probably related to whether one should capitalize Internet or not. I am looking for the correct spelling of wifi when referring to a wireless connection to the Internet. I want to tell the ...
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How to pronounce X-mas [closed]

How should I pronounce Xmas? Is it the same as we pronounce the word Christmas?
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188 views

“Gotta” pronunciation

Recently, I realized that pronunciations of the reduction gotta in GB and US English are different. Could you suggest to me, please, any tutorial explaining pronunciation of this and other such ...
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2answers
471 views

When are Roman Numeral suffixes appropriate for number abbreviations?

This question was asked and closed last year as general reference. However, it did not attract the caliber of answer I expected it to. I suggested the following content as an edit, but it was rejected ...