An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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Regarding abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text

What is common practice regarding the use of abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text? Is it encouraged? Should it be avoided? Is it preferable to include the full name of the term ...
4
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0answers
72 views

Is there reference material for dictionary abbreviations used in the first half of the 20th century?

I have a lot of abbreviations that I can't work out the meaning of from an old etymological dictionary and I'm looking for a reference that will explain them all. I have a copy of an etymological ...
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1answer
112 views

Meaning of “fl.” and “seq.”

Currently I am reading a book titled Configurations of culture growth by the American anthropologist Alfred Louis Kroeber. Part of his book consists of tables that iist eminent people from all fields ...
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11answers
10k views
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4answers
2k views

“Maths” for “Mathematics”; where does the S come from?

So in US English we shorten mathematics to math, and in the UK they say maths. Where does the 'S' come from in the UK version? For some reason I had it in my head that this was just because it's ...
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2answers
11k views

Differences between e.g., viz. and i.e.

What are the differences between viz. and eg. and in which situations each is used? Please also compare the usage with i.e. if appropriate. Edit: In response to a comment below: I'm asking this as I ...
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3answers
12k views

Meaning of 'cf.' [closed]

it refers to a discrete life form that has properties of mind (i.e. experience and character, cf. sentience)
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2answers
86 views

What is the proper abbreviation for “version”? (in English and Japanese literature)

I see both (for example) "ProductName v1.0" and "ProductName ver 1.0" and wanted to know what was the proper use for technical/computer literature. Bonus thanks if anyone knows the proper usage in ...
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3answers
51 views

How to properly write multiple abbreviations

I have been taught that if you want to use an acronym or abbreviation you should write it in full the first time like this: World Health Organisation (WHO) But what happens if there are two or ...
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1answer
42 views

Do I use “ID” or “Id” [closed]

I'm not an expert on English, but I'm fairly picky. I'm also a programmer, and I regularly use the word "Id" as an abbreviation for Identifier. So I was wondering whether it's more correct to use "Id" ...
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2answers
50 views

“A 1000-sqft room” vs. “a 1000 sq. ft. room”

Which of the following is correct? This is a 1000-sqft room This is a 1000 sq. ft. room Or perhaps neither is right and there's a better alternative?
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1answer
81 views

Mixing use of K for thousands and MM for millions

Traditionally, M is used as the symbol for thousands and MM for millions in the business world, particularly in accounting. However, there has been a growing tendency to use K as the symbol for ...
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2answers
71 views

Initials representing a letter instead of a word

Harry Truman's middle initial is rather unique because, unlike most middle initials, it doesn't just represent the first letter of his middle name - it is his middle name. His parents chose the ...
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1answer
43 views

How to shorten If SVO+prep. A, then SVO+prep. B.?

How to shorten the following sentence? If the teacher brings a gift for Adam, then the teacher brings a gift for Barbara. This sentence does not make much sense. My question is if there is a ...
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2answers
55 views

Is there any reason so many people abbreviate “etcetera” as “ect.”? [closed]

People do many strange things, such as spell "loose" (the opposite of tight) as "lose" (the opposite of win) - and even vice versa sometimes. Another oddity is when they say "literally" when that is ...
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2answers
50 views

Capitalization of bpm/BPM meaning beats per minute

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "bpm" as an abbreviation of "beats per minute" and gives the example: a pulse rate of 40 bpm Is there an explanation for the curious feature that this ...
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2answers
41 views

Footnote editing

A riddle for the weekend. If p stands for one page, pp stand for a range of pages, which one should I use in a footnote with J. Jones, page 21 and other pages? I.e. do I write pp. 21 and further or ...
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6answers
14k views

How does one correctly use “q.v.”?

Wikitionary mentions offhand that "q.v." is used to reference material, but the definition it gives is far too sparse for my taste. My question is, what does "q.v." stand for and when should one use ...
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3answers
1k views

Pronunciation of 'cos' (as in the mathematical term)

What is the correct pronunciation for the mathematical abbreviation 'cos' when it is not pronounced in its complete form 'cosine'? I pronounce it as 'k-aw-ss', but a couple of Canadian friends I have ...
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6answers
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What does “pax” mean in the context of the apartment rental?

I'm looking at apartment ads in Singapore, but I don't understand what pax means. Here's an example: View 8pm today @ Hdb Approved HDB 1+1 Blk 3 Jalan Kukoh (Chin Swee Rd): 15 min walk ...
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2answers
54 views

Use of hyphens in acronyms

PTP-SD is a type of algorithm. PTP stands for "probabilistic tree pruning" SD stands for "sphere decoding" PTP-SD is a type of algorithm that uses PTP with SD. My question is about the use of the ...
3
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4answers
432 views

Should I abbreviate word starting with “kn” as “K” or “N”?

Imagine you're abbreviating a title that has a kn-word in it (e.g. Should Know). What is the preferred way? Is it SK or SN?
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2answers
63 views

Space before computer storage abbreviations [closed]

Forgive me if this has already been asked, I could not find it via search. My question is this: what is the proper way to append computer storage abbreviations to a number? For example, a 500 ...
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2answers
33 views

captilization of words with abbreviation

I always used to capitalize first letter of words that have abbreviation. For example, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). I do this more often when i mention the ...
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5answers
53 views

What do you call devices which passed the test successfully?

Say we have two lists (or two buckets. whatever is easier for you to imagine) List of the devices under testing. List of the ones which passed the test successfully and moved from list (1) to list ...
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1answer
37 views

May numero sign (No.) be used to indicate amount?

I found that numero sign (No.) may be used as abbreviation of word "number" in meaning "ordinal number". May it be used as abbreviation of word "number" in meaning "amount"?
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2answers
2k views

Abbreviation for current

I am looking for an abbreviation for the word "current" to match the similar abbreviation "prev" for "previous" (it is being used specifically in the context of a sequence of items: previous --> ...
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0answers
27 views

Condensing information which uses the same sentence structure via parentheses

Suppose I want to unify the following definitions into one sentence An X system is given by its X representation A Y system is given by its Y representation A Z system is given by its Z ...
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1answer
107 views

“In the mid of 1990s” Is it grammatically correct?

What is the correct way to write the following phrase? In the mid of 1990s What are the (writing) variants of that expression? (I just want to know, to diversify my writing.) Thank you.
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1answer
106 views

Abbreviation for Estimated [closed]

What is the correct abbreviation for the word estimated? (not "estimated time of arrival", just the single word)
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1answer
43 views

Pronoun : Antecedent :: Abbreviation : ___________ ? I.e., is there a name for the corresponding word/phrase to which some abbreviation refers?

E.g., when you use 'BAL' to refer to 'Baltimore'-- or even the 'Baltimore Orioles'-- we call 'BAL' an abbreviation. What is 'Baltimore' in this context? I've yet to find support on Wikipedia for my ...
10
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3answers
4k views

Origin of the phrase “for the win”?

Just curious as to where "for the win" (commonly abbreviated FTW) originated?
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4answers
79 views

What is synonym of Abide? [closed]

What is synonym of Abide? a) Pays b) Diverts c) Hang Real sentence is "Curse abides on a tyrant for ever!"
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3answers
47k views

Difference between an acronym and abbreviation?

TLA is an acronym for "Three Letter Acronym". Is it also an abbreviation, since it abbreviates the original phrase?
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4answers
3k views

How to abbreviate “and other things”?

Which short phrase or abbreviation could I use here to mean and other things? The medulla oblongata controls respiration and cardiovascular rhythm ____. Etc. would not fit as it carries the ...
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3answers
45k views

What is the correct abbreviation for the word “numbers”?

What is the correct abbreviation for the words numbers and number? Nos. No. Nos No Possible example usage: "Number of guests" where the word number is abbreviated "Numbers 10–15 are located in ...
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2answers
106 views

Pronunciation of “SUS” in “Stainless Steel SUS 304”

How do engineers and the like who are native speakers of English pronounce “SUS” (stainless steel)? Like the verb “suss”? Like “SOS” (mayday) but with “U”?
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0answers
47 views

Middle English Date citations in Oxford English Dictionary [closed]

I have seen some citations in the OED that use dates such as 'c. 1295', which I assume to mean 'circa 1295'. However, I have also seen dates that appear as 'a. 1393' - what does this 'a' stand for? ...
0
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1answer
840 views

What do CI, CIM, CID, CIB mean?

I was talking to a friend about a girl, and he mentioned that “She can pretty much CI anything, CIB, CIM or CID.” I’m wondering what these mean. The context was sexual experience. Sorry if I missed ...
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1answer
40 views

Can I ask a question?

Does it have the phrase: be independent from sb I've looked for some documents but I couldn't find it. Is there anyone who can help me ?
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1answer
34 views

abbreviations as participles

When an abbreviation serves as a verb, the past participle generally takes an apostrophe followed by a d: KO'd ID'd OD'd OK'd What is the proper present participle? If KOing IDing ODing OKing is ...
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1answer
202 views

Which is the correct 'apostrophe' to use when typing? ' (quote) or ` (backtick)

A recent discussion came up in GameDev that suggests that when you are using apostrope for abbreviations, that the correct apostrophe to use when typing is the backtick. On US Keyboards below the ...
10
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2answers
227 views

Is the term “KTV” in use in any English-speaking country?

While travelling recently for two months in mainland China I noticed many buildings with the English letters KTV in their signage. At first I thought this was something to do with company names or ...
2
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1answer
81 views

When using “HR” for Human Resources, should “a” or “an” be used in front of it in a sentence? [duplicate]

IS HR an acronym? Should "a" or "an" be used in front of it in a sentence, such as: Do you have an HR question?
1
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1answer
57 views

Capitalization after '3D'

I'm translating for a company that creates specialized 3D software. In a lot of the brochures, there are bullet points for things like '3D road design.' or '3D visibility.' To my eye, the words 'road' ...
8
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4answers
13k views

Should it be 10 US$ or US$ 10?

Which is correct to use in a sentence, 10 US$ or US$ 10. Perhaps USD should be used instead or even something else?
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1answer
12k views

“'n'” as an abbreviation for “and” as in “rock 'n' roll”

I wonder if there are other cases where and is abbreviated in writing as in rock 'n' roll.
12
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2answers
5k views

Why is the word 'number' abbreviated to 'No.' in UK English and '#' in American English?

Why the disparity? And why use 'No.'? Is it from the French? And the hash or pound sign seems a weird choice too, is there a history or any reason involved?
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0answers
27 views

Where does the second “l” come from in “till”? [duplicate]

I've always wondered this: surely an abbreviation of until should abbreviate the word, without subsequently needing to double the last letter? Are there any reasons for this?
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3answers
12k views

How do you abbreviate “Government”?

As far as I can tell there are eight ways to abbreviate or write the contracted form "government". gov or Gov gov. or Gov. gov't or Gov't govt. or Govt. (with the full stop/period) Are any of ...