An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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Defining abbreviations/acronyms in unobtrusive ways

There are many complex acronyms that aren't necessarily built from the beginning letter of each sub-unit syllable or word (examples at the end of this post). Sometimes these terms are so common making ...
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Is there a definitive spelling for the shortened version of “as per usual”?

A shortened version of the phrase “as per usual” is now used as slang when referring to something that is typical or expected, often in an exaggerated or hyperbolic manner. For example: Bill: ...
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What is the difference between sqq and ff?

What's the difference between sqq. and ff.? The Apocryphal Acts of Paul, Peter, John, Andrew and Thomas by Bernhard Pick has, for example, these 4 references in a row: Hennecke, N ...
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What does 'p.c.' mean in academic writing? [closed]

I've observed that 'p.c.' is frequently used in some academic papers of arts and social sciences, when the author needs to state some perspectives from another researcher. For instance: ...
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1answer
32 views

Abbreviation for “in contrast to”

We have abbreviation for 'that is'-i.e., 'for example'-e.g., 'confer'-c.f., 'versus'-vs. In my understanding, i.e. and e.g. is commonly used inside a sentence, while c.f. and vs. is used outside a ...
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How do you write “and” in short form?

How do you write "and" in short form like w/o as in "without"?? It's not "&" but some other form. I used to write it but I forgot since I dont live in the US. Please help me remind it. Thanks
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What is a word similar to FYI but not objective/neutral [closed]

FYI can be used in an email to inform the person reading the email about some information. It is comfortable using this between peers. But what if the mail is intended to inform someone higher in the ...
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55 views

Are these mispronunciations by my British English text-to-speech engine a reflection of an actual British English usage?

A little context: I'm a native speaker of American English. I use Google's text-to-speech engine with the British voice, as I find the roboticness (roboticity?) of delivery to be less distracting in a ...
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abbreviation of units of measure: 'hours' vs. 'minutes'

The abbreviation for ‘hours’ is hrs. The one for "Minute" is 'min'. It is a unit of measure, which have standard abbreviations, and they do not change in plural nor have a final period. So, the ...
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20 views

Abbreviations in italic?

I'm writing a report for my master thesis and I'm pretty unsure when to use italics. I have found some guidelines in the internet but I still have some questions. I'm using abbreviations like ROC for ...
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1answer
49 views

Where should the apostrophe go on a possessive abbreviation?

When expanding an abbreviation in parentheses, sometimes the thing that was abbreviate was used in a possessive context. Consider the following example: If the Giant Ostrich Bomb's (GOB) fuse is ...
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415 views

Are “lb” or “lbs” ever pronounced differently from “pound(s)”?

The “standard” pronunciation of lb or lbs is the same as for pound(s). However, given the nature of humans, I find it likely that in some slang a pronunciation based on the written word is used, e.g....
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475 views

Why is “ammunition” shortened to “ammo” and not “ammu”?

According to Etymonline, ammo has been used as a shortened form of ammunition since 1917. Why does the shortened version end in o instead of u? The only reason I can think of is that it matches other ...
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“a” vs “an” preceding “LHS” and “RHS” [duplicate]

If in the context of a technical document in prose, "LHS" is used as a shorthand for "left-hand-side" and "RHS" is used as a shorthand for "right-hand-side" should these abbreviations be preceded by "...
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How can I abbreviate the word “Assessor”? [closed]

I need to reduce the character count on a document I am preparing and the word "Assessor" appears many times. What would be an appropriate abbreviation for this word?
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914 views

3D vs 3d vs 3-d vs 3-dimensional

How do you correctly abbreviate that something is in "three dimensions" in formal writing? As per the title, would you write either "3D", "3d", or "3-d"? I want to write something like: The ...
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How to spell “the youzhe” as in the abbreviation of “the usual”

The usual is a common reply to what will you order? or what are you up to?. It is often abbreviated, in Canada, to the first syllable of usual, as in the youzhe. How would you spell this abbreviation? ...
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32 views

Jr or Jnr for describing Junior job position?

What is the correct way to abbreviate Junior when describing a job position Jr ,JR or Jnr, JNR? or is it best to just write Junior I have always thought Jr was used after someones name but have seen ...
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1answer
108 views

Is there a name to differentiate abbreviations that come before or after the word it refers to or relates to?

Is there a name to differentiate abbreviations that come before or after the word it refers to or relates to? For example: St. Michael's Church (In this situation St. always comes before St. ____ ) ...
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about a weight abbreviation

I would like to ask a question about an abbreviation about for weighing silk and goatswool in a commercial manuscript. The abbreviation using like on the photos. Can you please help me what is the ...
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45 views

Pluralizing abbreviations where the noun is not the last word

For abbreviations - both acronyms and initialisms - where the last word in the abbreviation is the noun, I'm accustomed to adding an 's' with no apostrophe (e.g. ATMs), as described in the answer to ...
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What's exactly I'mma? I'mma go now, I'mma open that for you

When I chat I hear sometimes "I'mma ..." like in: "I'mma go now" or "I'mma open that for you" I am not sure how it's written, I have never got a precise answer when I asked. Should I learn to ...
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1answer
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When using the abbreviation etc., should it be parenthetical, i.e. enclosed between commas?

I was re-reading The Elements of Style when I noticed a remark I had previously overlooked in the third rule of usage (Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas.). The abbreviations etc., i.e....
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What does “Mrs” mean when used with a man's name?

As far as I know, the abbreviation "Mrs" is applicable only to women. Though, when translating an article from an old British paper I found this sentence about marriages: On the 2nd March, at the ...
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43 views

Omitting the possessive case correctly [duplicate]

I forgot how exactly the rule in English is called where you can omit the usual possessive case 's and s' if we're speaking about a row of nouns and instead just put them in front of each other (with ...
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123 views

CC Before a date ie: CC 1788 on old Documents indicating a date of death?

I am doing Genealogy Research. The U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930 indicates CC before a death date. What does CC stand for? Thank~you for your time, Michelle Knesebeck
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Can one use a hyphen to form 2 words with same prefix

Consider this part of a sentence: [...] the development of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. I'm wondering if it is acceptable to omit the "neuro" prefix before "inflammatory" ...
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“Mic” as an abbreviation for microwave

Last week, I was among a group of friends and commented on the fact that someone had removed a sticker from their microwave. I used the word "mic" to abbreviate microwave, and people thought I was ...
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(Latin) Abbrevation for 'apropos' / 'regarding' / 'with respect to'

I am looking for a convenient abbreviation for the construction of 'with respect to' or 'regarding' or 'apropos'. I used to write "A with respect to B" as "A cf. B" but this is not really correct. Is ...
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i.e. versus e.g. in a sentence [duplicate]

I know what the use of i.e. and e.g. are, but in my sentence I can't seem to tell the difference. If you do land on them, you will get an amount of points depending on what you landed on i.e. if you ...
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What is the error called when a letter of an abbreviation is spelled out afterwards?

HIV Virus DNS System IRC Chat LCD Display RAID Array These are some examples for this and people do this quite often.
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Using possessive apostrophe s of a singular abbreviation that ends with s

Which one is correct? 1- The OPS structure. 2- The OPSs structure. 3- The OPS's structure. 4- The OPS' structure. OPS: A singular abbreviation.
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Is there a short form of “vice versa” [closed]

Does "Vice versa" have a common abbreviation / short form? I'm a lazy typer when it comes to notes to myself.
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Is “legit” a legitimate word?

Is legit an actual word, or is it a slang word that has been shortened from legitimate?
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56 views

Capitalization in abbreviated references

I was reading through some company documents regarding “Our Vision, Values And Principles”, etc., and was wondering about how they were referenced later in the text. Frequently the author wrote ...
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the USA vs the US

I am writing an essay where I need to make a reference to the United States of America. Often I hear this shortened to the US, but sometimes people also say the USA. Are there any difference between ...
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Are there such forms as this's and which's?

I've seen that's, who's, how's, etc., but I don't recall ever seeing this's and which's. Are they used very often or at all? If so, how do you pronounce them? Any differently from this is and which is?...
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Clarifying abbreviation presentation

Consider the following sentence as an example: "The present analysis suggests that the central Indian (CI) region is loaded with higher aerosol concentration and that rainfall is significantly ...
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The use of “Nos.” for multiple objects

I noticed a string on a similar question that is now closed; I would like your input on a specific problem that has puzzled me. At my publishing company, people are fond of writing, e.g., "Law Nos. ...
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54 views

Can LGTM and SGTM be used interchangeablay?

LGTM = Looks Good to Me SGTM = Sounds Good to Me I see these two abbreviations used frequently to express "I agree with your idea, go ahead". Can they be used interchangeably? Is there any subtle ...
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How to capitalise the first word of a sentence if it's been elided?

The example I have just come across: 'fraid we don't do it that way anymore. Or should it be: 'Fraid we don't do it that way anymore. Using either 'fraid is casual anyway because it should (more ...
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52 views

When to use opening or closing single quotes

I've been discussing with a colleague which apostrophe/single quote to actually use in what situations. We've agreed to use the closing single quote ( ’ ) for possession. e.g. That’s his ...
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What is the plural of the abbreviation of “multiplicity automaton”, “MA” or “MAs”?

The "multiplicity automaton (MA)" is a model in compute science and its plural is "multiplicity automata". Should the plural of the abbreviation be MA or MAs? What is the correct way to pluralize ...
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Why *is* abbreviation such a long word?

No, seriously. I can't think of a single abbreviation that's longer than the actual word. Why isn't "abbreviation" nice and short like the word "terse"?
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Do we use a comma before 'i.e'?

In another answer I read, in two examples, the comma was used once and wasn't used the other time. Is it a personal choice or do we have to follow a fixed rule?
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Abbreviation for “Master?”

I know that Mr. is short for Mister and Ms. is short for Miss. Is there any comparable way to abbreviate "Master" that is distinguishable from Mister? Or would it just be Mr. again?
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What can I call the abbreviated name?

If my name is Mohamed Ali Ahmed Elshennawy. And I want to abbreviate it to Mohamed Elshennawy. What should I call this new abbreviated name (for instance nickname, surname,.. Etc), to use it in the ...
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How to abbreviate in an essay the title of a work that consists of a name and a surname?

I am writing an essay on the short story "Harrison Bergeron." How should I abbreviate the title if I don't want to write out the whole name? Would it simply be "Bergeron" or Harrison?"
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Can you name a project “she's”? [closed]

One of my friends photography project is named "she's". I personally believe the name is wrong and that it sounds better and looks better if he uses "she is". Is it grammatically correct to use "she'...