An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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64
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5answers
6k views

What does 'TL;DR' mean and how is it used?

I do my best, at my advanced age, to come to grips with the apparent acceptability of such widely used words/expressions/abbreviations as lol/LOL, IMHO, AFAIK, etc. However, TLDR/tl;dr defeats me. ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How would you transcribe the pronunciation of “ttiwdty”?

ttiwdty Not an initialism AFAIK (as far as I know) but an acronym like LASER and NATO. It's apparently trending on Urban Dictionary, although the down-votes outnumber the up-votes Thumbs up: 6880 ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the abbreviation for 'century'?

I remember being taught in history classes to abbreviate century by writing a large capital C followed by the ordinal number as in: C18th without the full-stop (period). Recently I have noticed on ...
2
votes
4answers
10k views

What's the shortest abbreviation for “see attachment” or “see enclosed file” in an e-mail?

I often send empty e-mails with just some attachments. Since some e-mail clients don't show the presence of attachments very clearly, I prefer to indicate that the e-mail contains attachments. In ...
1
vote
4answers
24k views

what is the correct abbreviation for millions, billions and trillions in a financial context?

I've found answers on the web but also got conflicting answers from financial professionals (coworkers). In metric, you'd use M (mega) for million, G (giga) for billion and T (tera) for trillion. ...
1
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2answers
81 views

What is word similar to FYI but not objective/neutral

FYI can be used in an email to inform the person reading the email about some information. It is comfortable using this between peers. But what if the mail is intended to inform someone higher in the ...
0
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0answers
23 views

What does 'stat' mean in this sentence? [migrated]

This sentence is from a Linux command's return,I can only thought it as 'statistics' but it is the noun form rather than the verb form. unable to stat ./config-2.6.32-431.el6.i686: No such file or ...
0
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3answers
25k views

abbreviation of units of measure: 'hours' vs. 'minutes'

The abbreviation for ‘hours’ is hrs. The one for "Minute" is 'min'. It is a unit of measure, which have standard abbreviations, and they do not change in plural nor have a final period. So, the ...
0
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4answers
843 views

Abbreviations and Full Stops

What are the rules for putting a full stop after an abbreviation. For instance, I want to say the following on my business card. Tel: xxx-xxx-xxx Do I need to put a full stop after the Tel? Tel.: ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Can “e.g.” be used to indicate that the preceding clause is an example?

I was advised not to use "for example" in academic work. If I have the following sentence: "The state of New York, for example, uses Auctions to assign...", is it possible to substitute the "for ...
0
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2answers
34 views

Accurate Writing of Scientific Abbreviation

It is quite normal to abbreviate long terms usually more than 2 words to simplify the scientific text and reduce space in scientific manuscripts, i.e., conference papers and journal articles. For ...
-2
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1answer
29 views

How to write shorter “without commission fee” max around 8 letter

I need to shorten without commission fee into 8 letter, any idea? I have no more space on the display to show this title.
2
votes
2answers
92 views

“Muso” and “Journo” Usage and Origin

I have been watching a lot of British TV recently and I hear the word "journos" for journalists and "musos" for musicians, but I don't ever hear these words in the US. From my understanding they don't ...
12
votes
7answers
9k views

How do I spell the truncation 'Cas', as in 'Sports Casual/Sports Cas'?

How do I spell the truncation 'Cas', as in 'Sports Casual/Sports Cas'? It may be UK only, and may have been spawned by Alan Partridge. Cash/Cas are not right. *As in a slang term, "he was acting all ...
4
votes
7answers
39k views

Are “w/o”, “w/”, “b/c” common abbreviations?

I remember when staying a few months in the US years ago that I saw some people using the abbreviations below. However, I can't exactly remember in which contexts I encountered them, (whether I saw my ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

Should this use of “est.” be “etc.” instead?

A client of mine is using text like this: The planter has been developed to plant row crops like maize, sunflower, soya beans, est. in a single pass without any prior soil preparation through ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What does “Y/Y” mean?

In a power-point presentation about interent trends, the abbreviation Y/Y is being used: 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

bow’r, affin’d and pow’r [closed]

What usage is the following abbreviations? ‘Not boskiest bow’r,  When hearts are ill affin’d, Hath tree of pow’r To shelter from the wind!’ from The Woodlanders by Thomas ...
0
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0answers
26 views

How to write shorter “Public Consultation” max around 12 letter

I need to use "Public Consultation" on a smaller screen portion, where there is space for around 12 letters. Any idea for abbreviation?
1
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3answers
57 views

What does “MM” mean in this context?

There are lots of definitions for MM, but which one is used in the following two sentences? 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

How to abbreviate in an essay the title of a work that consists of a name and a surname?

I am writing an essay on the short story "Harrison Bergeron." How should I abbreviate the title if I don't want to write out the whole name? Would it simply be "Bergeron" or Harrison?"
4
votes
2answers
116 views

Is 'a.k.a.' an acceptable abbreviation to use in academic writing?

Is it sometimes (or ever) acceptable to use in academic writing the abbreviation 'a.k.a.' ('also known as')?
0
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0answers
30 views

Where does the second “l” come from in “till”? [duplicate]

I've always wondered this: surely an abbreviation of until should abbreviate the word, without subsequently needing to double the last letter? Are there any reasons for this?
20
votes
3answers
2k views

Is IOU an abbreviation, an acronym, or an initialism?

IOU stands for I owe you and we pronounce each letter separately. But how do we classify that construction"? abbreviation: a shortened form of a word or phrase acronym: an abbreviation formed from ...
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2answers
60 views

Abbreviation for fixed price of product sold in shops

What is the abbreviation for the fixed price of the product being sold (resale) in consumer shops?
1
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3answers
61 views

Best way to abbreviate income ranges [duplicate]

I'm looking for recommendations on how best to abbreviate the following demographic income range: 1 below 3,000,000 Japanese yen (JPY) 2 between 3,000,000 and 4,999,999 JPY 3 between 5,000,000 ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

the USA vs the US

I am writing an essay where I need to make a reference to the United States of America. Often I hear this shortened to the US, but sometimes people also say the USA. Are there any difference between ...
2
votes
1answer
402 views

Meaning of “fl.” and “seq.”

Currently I am reading a book titled Configurations of culture growth by the American anthropologist Alfred Louis Kroeber. Part of his book consists of tables that list eminent people from all fields ...
0
votes
3answers
47 views

Abbreviation for “last four digits”

I'm now developing a web site at which users can purchase something. Users can also register their credit cards on the site. For security reasons, we show only last 4 digits of their registered cards. ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

What is a short form for Institute of Linguistics? [closed]

What is a short form for "Institute of Linguistics"? Should it be IL or IOL?
9
votes
7answers
6k views

Is “Don't you know? ” the same as “Do not you know?”?

Well, we know don't is the same as do not, right? Therefore, can I say "Do not you know?", instead of "Don't you know?"? Well, I know that chances are I can't do that, but technically that should be ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Why are abbreviations such as K/R (Kind Regards) not more common in English? [closed]

In German, it is very common to abbreviate letter closings. For example, Mit freundlichen Grüßen --> MFG Liebe Grüße --> LG While these abbreviations are not acceptable in formal ...
0
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1answer
52 views

How do I abbreviate a phrase with an abbreviation?

Suppose I want to abbreviate British SEO Market. Which is the right way? BSEOM or BSM?
16
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1answer
3k views

What does “O.G.” stand for?

Currently reading "Slang for the ages. It's swag. bae," by Kory Stamper from International New York Times (October 6, 2014), I came across this acronym O.G. "It[swag]'s generally taken to be a ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Correct capitalization of words beginning with “e-”

What is the correct capitalization of words beginning with "e-" (like e-mail or e-learning or e-assessment) when used in a title? Is it "E-Learning" or "E-learning" or even "e-Learning"? To clarify: ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

The initialism “i.e. vs. e.g.” [closed]

Many authorities, including the redoubtable Chicago Manual of Style, discourage the use of i.e. and e.g. in formal writing. Is there a difference in usage or can they be seamlessly interchanged? For ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

I stumbled on the word “OKing” while reading an article. Is such Inflection of OK prevalent? [closed]

Three of the primary dictionaries–the OED, M-W, and the Australian Concise Oxford (OA)–show OK as the preferred spelling and okay as an acceptable alternative. The Chicago Manual of Style does not ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

Should I use “a” or “an” prior to an abbreviation? [duplicate]

For example, non-conformance is abbreviated as NC. If I am referring to a non-conformance, I may pronounce the whole word or I may literally say the letters "NC"; in my industry, they are used ...
15
votes
3answers
22k views

Abbreviation “n.d.” in citation?

I’ve just come across “n.d.” used as an abbreviation, as a bibliographic reference in an academic essay, along the lines of: Smith (n.d.) discusses the subaquaeous pliability of rattan fibres… ...
0
votes
3answers
210 views

Listing an abbreviation with two different expansions

How should I list an abbreviation that has two different expansions? Eg: LD - Leadership Development, LD - Liquidity Damage. I have quite a few of these and I need to list them in a glossary. ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Is it correct to use two consecutive dots indicating an abbreviation and a full stop? [duplicate]

A quote from "Bad tendency" (Wikipedia): The principle, formulated in Patterson v. Colorado, (1907) was seemingly overturned with the "clear and present danger" principle used in the landmark case ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

How many shortened versions of a proper name can you use in a single document? [closed]

When your official company name is long, what shortened versions are appropriate to use and can they be interchanged? For example: suppose it is Brown Construction Company. I know the full name ...
-2
votes
3answers
862 views

Supposed acronym expansions for common words

I have seen expansions of many English words such as POLICE, MUSIC, GOD, LASER, where each letter supposedly stands for another word, as in an acronym. Are these expansions in any way real, that is, ...
0
votes
1answer
269 views

What is my name abbreviation?

My name is 'Ehsan Shirzadi'. I want to know whether my name abbreviation is E.S or E.Sh?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Why is World Championship abbreviated as Worlds?

I have noticed that competitions such as European Championship, World Championship, National Championship are commonly abbreviated as Euros, Worlds, Nationals Is there a ...
4
votes
3answers
71 views

“My Mum's” instead of “My Mum's place”: short form only used for places/homes?

In expressions such as We went to John's house. The party was at my Mum's place. it seems to be quite common to leave out "house" and "place", leading to We went to John's. The ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

How are basement levels in shopping malls designated?

In a mall or somewhere with multiple basement levels, what is the proper way to designate each underground level? We have: first floor, second floor, etc. for above ground floors. Underground levels ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

What is meant by “sth”?

I came across this line in a site: Can u make sth effective for a sports betting related product? I can't understand what is meant by sth effective here. I tried to google it but was unable to ...
0
votes
3answers
319 views

“WE ON” what does it mean? Is it bad English? [closed]

I want to name my upcoming project as WE ON - Information & entertainment media agency . This agency will work in the city and act as communication between businesses and consumers, so I need ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Confusable plurals with apostrophe s [duplicate]

I have a question related to already shortened words and their plural forms. As I have seen on this site and have found in the dictionary, words like mas and pas are the plural form of the shortened ...