An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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Why does “raptor” not contain an apostrophe?

Why is the word raptor not written as 'raptor when used as the abbreviated name for velociraptor?
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4answers
5k views

“Maths” for “Mathematics”; where does the S come from?

So in US English we shorten mathematics to math, and in the UK they say maths. Where does the 'S' come from in the UK version? For some reason I had it in my head that this was just because it's ...
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0answers
26 views

“PRO REACH” can we use this to indicate professional reaching out to somebody? [on hold]

"PRO REACH" can we use this to indicate professional reaching out to needy businessman .. O want to make it in one sentence .. PROfessional REACH out => PRO REACH .. is this make good English??
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2answers
6k views

First name initial format “A. B. Lastname” vs “A.-B. Lastname”

Sometimes I see names abbreviated sometimes as A. B. Lastname and some other times A.-B. Lastname. Is there a difference? Does the former means it is a middle name, and the latter means it is a part ...
2
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1answer
33 views

“The Departments of Mathematics and Economics”. Make sense?

I wish to list several academic departments in one essay. Initially, I wrote them in full as "the Department of Mathematics, the Department of Economics, the Department of Philosophy". However, it is ...
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1answer
45 views

Is there a name to differentiate abbreviations that come before or after the word it refers to or relates to?

Is there a name to differentiate abbreviations that come before or after the word it refers to or relates to? For example: St. Michael's Church (In this situation St. always comes before St. ____ ) ...
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2answers
78 views

birth-death range - person still alive

I am wondering if there exists a specific symbol or word I can use in a birth-death range. When I introduce a specific person in my main text, I use a footnote to provide the reader some additional ...
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2answers
46 views

Is there a concise term or abbreviation for “Decimal Places”?

Is there a concise term or abbreviation for "Decimal Places"? I have a table that I'm trying to squeeze in information and the column header is wider than the information it contains. Context: ...
2
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1answer
50 views

abbreviation in academic papers [duplicate]

During the paper writing, a question came up into my mind: can abbreviations be used in these articles? There are at least 2 kinds of abbreviations, one is the so-called terminologies(or jargons?) ...
2
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5answers
74 views

What do you call devices which passed the test successfully?

Say we have two lists (or two buckets. whatever is easier for you to imagine) List of the devices under testing. List of the ones which passed the test successfully and moved from list (1) to list ...
0
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2answers
55 views

How to abbreviate yesterday [closed]

What is the correct way to abbreviate Yesterday? I'm showing two columns of data for Today and Yesterday but I don't have enough room to show the full word. Today YTD Today YD Today Y-Day Today ...
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2answers
46 views

Is it OK to use 2 consecutive abbreviations? [closed]

The title is self-explanatory, but let's consider the following abbreviations: GI: gastro-intestinal DA : dopamine (the neurotransmitter) Is the following sentence correct? (Would you be insulted ...
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12answers
25k views

Is “I'd've” proper use of the English language?

While reading a book, I came across the word I'd've, as in: I'd've argued against it. While it was obvious what it meant, it left me puzzled. Is I'd've a proper word?
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2answers
113 views

What is a word similar to FYI but not objective/neutral

FYI can be used in an email to inform the person reading the email about some information. It is comfortable using this between peers. But what if the mail is intended to inform someone higher in the ...
0
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1answer
103 views

What is the proper way to spell “inspiraysh”?

I've noticed a trend among "younger people" to shorten words by simply cutting the ending off. For example, instead of inspiration they might say something like inspiraysh. What is the proper way ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the term for a shortened word that is pronounced based on phantom letters?

I'm only posting out of curiosity. But recently I've begun to wonder what you would call a shortening of a word that only sounds correct when spoken, and the pronunciation cannot be inferred from its ...
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2answers
266 views

What is “Gatcha” short for?

What is gatcha short for? Is it standard English, or is it used in the spoken language only?
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3answers
7k views

What is meant by “sth”?

I came across this line in a site: Can u make sth effective for a sports betting related product? I can't understand what is meant by sth effective here. I tried to google it but was unable to ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Why did “ctte” become the popular abbreviation of “committee”? [closed]

The word “committee” is a long and tedious one to type or write; I can easily understand the motivation to invent an abbreviation. When and why, though, did “ctte” become popular? What alternatives ...
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2answers
53 views

“Mr. John s/o Mr. Wagner” vs “Mr. John s/o Mr. & Mrs. Wagner”

Which one below is correct? Mr. John s/o Mr. Wagner OR Mr. John s/o Mr. & Mrs. Wagner Is it necessary to affix Mr. & Mrs. in this case? It seems superfluous to add Mrs. because a ...
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2answers
25k views

What's the difference between “e.g.” and “ex.”?

I know they both roughly mean "example", but which one should I use, and when?
1
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1answer
26 views

Shortening a frequently used phrase in a paper

What is the correct term for referring to something as X throughout the remainder of a paper/article? For instance, I'm writing a mock memorandum to a client in a tax class I'm taking and I would like ...
67
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5answers
6k views

What does 'TL;DR' mean and how is it used?

I do my best, at my advanced age, to come to grips with the apparent acceptability of such widely used words/expressions/abbreviations as lol/LOL, IMHO, AFAIK, etc. However, TLDR/tl;dr defeats me. ...
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2answers
7k views

What is the abbreviation for 'century'?

I remember being taught in history classes to abbreviate century by writing a large capital C followed by the ordinal number as in: C18th without the full-stop (period). Recently I have noticed on ...
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4answers
11k views

What's the shortest abbreviation for “see attachment” or “see enclosed file” in an e-mail?

I often send empty e-mails with just some attachments. Since some e-mail clients don't show the presence of attachments very clearly, I prefer to indicate that the e-mail contains attachments. In ...
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4answers
33k views

what is the correct abbreviation for millions, billions and trillions in a financial context?

I've found answers on the web but also got conflicting answers from financial professionals (coworkers). In metric, you'd use M (mega) for million, G (giga) for billion and T (tera) for trillion. ...
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3answers
27k views

abbreviation of units of measure: 'hours' vs. 'minutes'

The abbreviation for ‘hours’ is hrs. The one for "Minute" is 'min'. It is a unit of measure, which have standard abbreviations, and they do not change in plural nor have a final period. So, the ...
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4answers
861 views

Abbreviations and Full Stops

What are the rules for putting a full stop after an abbreviation. For instance, I want to say the following on my business card. Tel: xxx-xxx-xxx Do I need to put a full stop after the Tel? Tel.: ...
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1answer
86 views

Can “e.g.” be used to indicate that the preceding clause is an example?

I was advised not to use "for example" in academic work. If I have the following sentence: "The state of New York, for example, uses Auctions to assign...", is it possible to substitute the "for ...
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2answers
40 views

Accurate Writing of Scientific Abbreviation

It is quite normal to abbreviate long terms usually more than 2 words to simplify the scientific text and reduce space in scientific manuscripts, i.e., conference papers and journal articles. For ...
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1answer
33 views

How to write shorter “without commission fee” max around 8 letter

I need to shorten without commission fee into 8 letter, any idea? I have no more space on the display to show this title.
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2answers
95 views

“Muso” and “Journo” Usage and Origin

I have been watching a lot of British TV recently and I hear the word "journos" for journalists and "musos" for musicians, but I don't ever hear these words in the US. From my understanding they don't ...
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7answers
44k views

Are “w/o”, “w/”, “b/c” common abbreviations?

I remember when staying a few months in the US years ago that I saw some people using the abbreviations below. However, I can't exactly remember in which contexts I encountered them, (whether I saw my ...
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3answers
63 views

Should this use of “est.” be “etc.” instead?

A client of mine is using text like this: The planter has been developed to plant row crops like maize, sunflower, soya beans, est. in a single pass without any prior soil preparation through ...
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2answers
2k views

What does “Y/Y” mean?

In a power-point presentation about interent trends, the abbreviation Y/Y is being used: 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
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1answer
58 views

bow’r, affin’d and pow’r [closed]

What usage is the following abbreviations? ‘Not boskiest bow’r,  When hearts are ill affin’d, Hath tree of pow’r To shelter from the wind!’ from The Woodlanders by Thomas ...
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0answers
29 views

How to write shorter “Public Consultation” max around 12 letter

I need to use "Public Consultation" on a smaller screen portion, where there is space for around 12 letters. Any idea for abbreviation?
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3answers
83 views

What does “MM” mean in this context?

There are lots of definitions for MM, but which one is used in the following two sentences? 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
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2answers
149 views

How to abbreviate in an essay the title of a work that consists of a name and a surname?

I am writing an essay on the short story "Harrison Bergeron." How should I abbreviate the title if I don't want to write out the whole name? Would it simply be "Bergeron" or Harrison?"
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2answers
195 views

Is 'a.k.a.' an acceptable abbreviation to use in academic writing?

Is it sometimes (or ever) acceptable to use in academic writing the abbreviation 'a.k.a.' ('also known as')?
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0answers
30 views

Where does the second “l” come from in “till”? [duplicate]

I've always wondered this: surely an abbreviation of until should abbreviate the word, without subsequently needing to double the last letter? Are there any reasons for this?
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3answers
2k views

Is IOU an abbreviation, an acronym, or an initialism?

IOU stands for I owe you and we pronounce each letter separately. But how do we classify that construction"? abbreviation: a shortened form of a word or phrase acronym: an abbreviation formed from ...
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2answers
68 views

Abbreviation for fixed price of product sold in shops

What is the abbreviation for the fixed price of the product being sold (resale) in consumer shops?
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3answers
68 views

Best way to abbreviate income ranges [duplicate]

I'm looking for recommendations on how best to abbreviate the following demographic income range: 1 below 3,000,000 Japanese yen (JPY) 2 between 3,000,000 and 4,999,999 JPY 3 between 5,000,000 ...
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5answers
3k views

the USA vs the US

I am writing an essay where I need to make a reference to the United States of America. Often I hear this shortened to the US, but sometimes people also say the USA. Are there any difference between ...
2
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1answer
603 views

Meaning of “fl.” and “seq.”

Currently I am reading a book titled Configurations of culture growth by the American anthropologist Alfred Louis Kroeber. Part of his book consists of tables that list eminent people from all fields ...
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3answers
50 views

Abbreviation for “last four digits”

I'm now developing a web site at which users can purchase something. Users can also register their credit cards on the site. For security reasons, we show only last 4 digits of their registered cards. ...
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2answers
66 views

What is a short form for Institute of Linguistics? [closed]

What is a short form for "Institute of Linguistics"? Should it be IL or IOL?
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7answers
6k views

Is “Don't you know? ” the same as “Do not you know?”?

Well, we know don't is the same as do not, right? Therefore, can I say "Do not you know?", instead of "Don't you know?"? Well, I know that chances are I can't do that, but technically that should be ...
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1answer
119 views

Why are abbreviations such as K/R (Kind Regards) not more common in English? [closed]

In German, it is very common to abbreviate letter closings. For example, Mit freundlichen Grüßen --> MFG Liebe Grüße --> LG While these abbreviations are not acceptable in formal ...