An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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Correct English: “An L.V.” or “a L.V.”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “a” or “an” for words that don't start with vowels but sound like they're starting with a vowel Do you use “a” or “an” before acronyms? Does one use 'a' or ...
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8answers
965 views

Should Philip have P. or Ph. as an initial?

In the context of scientific articles and technical white papers, references to other publications typically include the author’s surname with, depending on the format of the specific publication, ...
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4answers
44k views

Which (if any) is correct: est., estd., or est'd.?

A business founded (or a building built or a monument dedicated) in 1854 might have a sign or plaque reading "EST'D 1854" or "EST 1854" or "ESTD 1854", or some other combination I haven't seen or ...
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1answer
895 views

Abbreviation of EU and associated punctuation

Why doesn't the abbreviation of European Union (EU) carry periods with it as the abbreviation of United States (U.S.) does, for example? A brief online search turned up little on the punctuation of ...
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5answers
18k views

Why use BCE/CE instead of BC/AD?

When I was a kid, I was always taught to refer to years using BC (Before Christ) and AD (Anno Domini / year of our Lord). However, I somewhat regularly hear people referring to years as in the CE ...
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7answers
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How do I spell the truncation 'Cas', as in 'Sports Casual/Sports Cas'?

How do I spell the truncation 'Cas', as in 'Sports Casual/Sports Cas'? It may be UK only, and may have been spawned by Alan Partridge. Cash/Cas are not right. *As in a slang term, "he was acting all ...
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1answer
554 views

How can I tell when an abbreviation is an acronym?

I know an acronym is an abbreviation that can be pronounced as one word, but when is an abbreviation pronounced as one word? Making myself clearer, how do we know whether or not it is pronounced as ...
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5answers
999 views

Please use other door?

"Please use other door" signs are common. But would you ever say this? Or would you say "please use the other door"?
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3answers
5k views

What does “CP” stand for? (job name)

I saw a person had described his position as "CP at example.com" on Linkedin. Not someone who I know personally, but I had been in contact when he asked me to publish my Android application on this ...
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4answers
4k views

Can I start a sentence with “i.e.”?

While writing a rhetorical question I ran into a case where it seemed natural to start a sentence with "I.e": How do we handle the case when the list is empty? I.e., if the filter matched no ...
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2answers
369 views

Should I abbreviate word starting with “kn” as “K” or “N”?

Imagine you're abbreviating a title that has a kn-word in it (e.g. Should Know). What is the preferred way? Is it SK or SN?
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2answers
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Period before or after short form for inches

When writing a sentence that contains the short version of inches as a double quote, (e.g. the box measured 14") does the period come before, or after the quotation mark?
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4answers
3k views

Using apostrophe when abbreviating “recommendations” as “reco's”

When abbreviating the word "recommendations" as "reco's", is it proper to use the apostrophe to show that it's an abbreviation, or does it conflict with a possessive apostrophe?
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0answers
8k views

Ending a sentence with an abbreviation [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Punctuation around abbreviations When a sentence ends with an abbreviation, should there be two periods or one? Welcome to ACME Inc. We are glad to have you on ...
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5answers
1k views

How do you write an ellipsis following an abbreviation?

Consider the following sentence (off of the top of my head just to illustrate an example): I hate the N.C.A.A....but I understand that it's a necessary evil. When following an abbreviation with ...
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3answers
10k views

When a sentence starts with “e.g.”, should the e be capitalized?

When a sentence starts with e.g., should the e be capitalized? Neverminding that it might be better to start with "For example," ... Thinking of SE posts and comments, should the starting e be ...
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5answers
4k views

Where did “cc” and “bcc” come from?

I've just realised that CC is "carbon-copy" and BCC is "blind-carbon-copy". Basically I'm wondering, where did these terms come from?
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What does 'Ibid' mean in reference/footnotes?

Every so often I read a book with footnotes, and I've seen them use Ibid. followed by page numbers - but I have no idea what this term means. At first I thought it was a reference to a classical ...
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1answer
462 views

Quantity for abbreviations of plural terms

I have two questions which I think are so closely related that they should be grouped together. Quantity for an abbreviation that stands for a plural Context: The author is trying to explain what ...
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2answers
3k views

Why is the word 'number' abbreviated to 'No.' in UK English and '#' in American English?

Why the disparity? And why use 'No.'? Is it from the French? And the hash or pound sign seems a weird choice too, is there a history or any reason involved?
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2answers
6k views

Is “sb.” a commonly accepted abbreviation? What does it mean?

What does sb. mean? I keep seeing it certain posters' questions and I'm not sure what it's supposed to stand for — the word something, my initial guess, doesn't have a 'b' in it. So my questions ...
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1answer
10k views

“'n'” as an abbreviation for “and” as in “rock 'n' roll”

I wonder if there are other cases where and is abbreviated in writing as in rock 'n' roll.
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5answers
403 views

Is “i.e.” in this situation incorrect?

I.e. is used when we would like to use a situation as a kind of clarification. Suppose I was to write something like this: Nano-boxes are used in medical science i.e. cancer treatment, where ...
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2answers
669 views

How to choose an abbreviation for a given word?

I was trying to find a proper abbreviation for the word dictionary. Dict. or Dic. or something else? Obviousely there won't be a short form for each English word. But if there does exist one, how ...
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3answers
10k views

Should it be 10 US$ or US$ 10?

Which is correct to use in a sentence, 10 US$ or US$ 10. Perhaps USD should be used instead or even something else?
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5answers
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What does “P.U.” (in reference to stinkiness) stand for?

"What does {holding nose} P.U. mean?" my son asked me tonight. I told him I didn't know, and he laughed and said "It means stinky, Mommy!" Very funny and well said, but it left me wondering. A ...
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5answers
101k views

Should I write “PhD” or “Ph.D.”?

Question pretty self-explanatory. Should the abbreviation of the Latin term philosophiae doctor be written as PhD (no periods) or Ph.D. (with periods)?
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3answers
927 views

Replacing the periods/dots with spaces in abbreviations

In Swedish, it's common to replace the periods with spaces when using an abbreviation. Is this valid in English? Personally, I think this approach is easier to use and looks better in text (and all ...
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5answers
11k views

How does one correctly use “q.v.”?

Wikitionary mentions offhand that "q.v." is used to reference material, but the definition it gives is far too sparse for my taste. My question is, what does "q.v." stand for and when should one use ...
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3answers
2k views

Monetary amounts: 'thousands' prefix has opposite capitalisation to SI

One thing I noticed recently when looking through some reports is that thousands are often abbreviated, in a similar way to scientific measurements are abbreviated. E.g. $1,000,000 becomes $1m and ...
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3answers
1k views

“B&W” or “B/W”?

I've seen both B/W and B&W used to describe black and white. Is one accepted over the other? If regional, then what would I use in AmE?
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4answers
4k views

Which one is correct: “1yr” or “1yr.” or “1 yr”?

I need to put one of the above on one of my app's buttons. Bonus question - does the same rule hold in plural? That is if I write "1 yr.", do I write "15 yrs." as well?
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Should I acronymize “Health, Safety, and Environment” as “HSE” or “SHE”?

Which abbreviation is most used for "Health, Safety and Environment"? I keep seeing different abbreviations, and a quick search on Google shows that they are all used widely. But does anyone actually ...
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1answer
392 views

Does the word “welfare” have an abbreviation?

I was listening to a lecture about Mercantilism where I heard a word that sounded like Welf. I tried to find if this word exists but I didn't find. In the lecture I heard this: The amassing of ...
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424 views

How is “cf.” to be pronounced?

The meaning of cf. has already been addressed in this question, but not the right way to pronounce or translate it when reading aloud as has been done for i.e. and e.g. in this question. Can anyone ...
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5answers
2k views

Different forms of the abbreviations for “identification”?

Which of the following are correct? right wrong ID [x] [ ] i.d. [x] [ ] I.D. [ ] [ ] Id [ ] [ ] I.d. [ ] [ ] id [ ] [ ] Marked the ones i found in ...
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160 views

AVC or A.V.C or A.V.C [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it OK to drop the periods in abbreviations? Okay, so in School I was always tought that when we want to abbreviate, we must use a full stop "." inbetween each letter, ...
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1answer
85k views

XOXO means “hugs and kisses” but why?

What's the reasoning behind abbreviating hugs and kisses as X's and O's? Some say X is for hugs and O is for kisses, and some say the other way around; but why X and O, and why are they doubled?
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4answers
621 views

How is “e.g.” pluralized?

How is "e.g." pluralized? Usually I just see "e.g." used regardless of the number of examples given, but I don't know if that's correct or merely a product of widespread ignorance. More rarely, I've ...
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2answers
4k views

What is meant by “sth”?

I came across this line in a site: Can u make sth effective for a sports betting related product? I can't understand what is meant by sth effective here. I tried to google it but was unable to ...
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1answer
987 views

How to deal with abbreviations at the end of a question?

In a sentence like Should we host them on imgur et cetera? where I want to abbreviate the "et cetera", what is the correct punctuation? Using a period after the "etc." like mid sentence usages ...
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4answers
8k views

Punctuation after “P.S.”

Somewhere in the craggy quagmire of my memory, I seem to recall that the nuns of my grade school days taught me that a P.S. (post script) is followed by a colon, i.e. P.S.: Alas, the periods after ...
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6answers
1k views

How do I say “WWI” out loud?

I know it's written WWI, but when I am speaking should I say "World War One" or "World War First" or "First World War"?
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1answer
14k views

Abbreviation “n.d.” in citation?

I’ve just come across “n.d.” used as an abbreviation, as a bibliographic reference in an academic essay, along the lines of: Smith (n.d.) discusses the subaquaeous pliability of rattan fibres… ...
5
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1answer
681 views

Meaning of M'year, S'year etc. in academic biographies

Reading scientific papers, I often see at the end of them, in the biographies of the authors, some abbreviations like the following: (S’70–M’72–SM’86–F’91). I think that they are correlated with ...
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3answers
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Meaning of 'cf.' [closed]

it refers to a discrete life form that has properties of mind (i.e. experience and character, cf. sentience)
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3answers
948 views

Usage of abbreviations in semi formal written conversation

Some people always tell me to avoid using abbreviations that often used in forum talk, AKA "Internet Slang", in semi formal written conversation. Of course, I would never use the phrase TTYT, TTYL, ...
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2answers
11k views

What's the difference between “e.g.” and “ex.”?

I know they both roughly mean "example", but which one should I use, and when?
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3answers
1k views

Pronunciation of 'cos' (as in the mathematical term)

What is the correct pronunciation for the mathematical abbreviation 'cos' when it is not pronounced in its complete form 'cosine'? I pronounce it as 'k-aw-ss', but a couple of Canadian friends I have ...
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3answers
59k views

Usage of “p.” versus “pp.” versus “pg.” to denote page numbers and page ranges

At the risk of saying something foolish, I won't attempt to answer the question myself. I understand that all three synchronically more or less equivalent and substitutable, but it would be quite nice ...