An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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'Horeca', is it English? Alternatives?

In Dutch there's a quite commonly used word that denotes the commercial sector around selling food and beverages for immediate (or near-immediate, e.g. take-out meals) consumption: horeca. (This ...
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2answers
440 views

Is there an American term for a group of elitist schools, similar to the abbreviation “Oxbridge”?

I saw the word, ‘Oxbridge’, a portmanteau of Oxford and Cambridge, in a comment to a question asking for a better word for ‘invigilator’: Whereas the situation is reversed in the UK, and one in a ...
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2answers
424 views

Exempli Gratia help [closed]

Is there a plural for e.g., the abbreviation of exempli gratia? Or is it regular to use it before multiple examples? I know that some abbreviations double up in their letters in the plural, but I ...
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2answers
314 views

Avoiding confusion with multiple use of ibids, how would one do it?

I was thinking and researching about the use of Ibid in footnotes/endnotes etc. and found the following example in Wikipedia: [1] E. Vijh, Latin for Dummies (New York: Academic, 1997), p. 23 [2] ...
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2answers
6k views

Is the abbreviation “etc.” or “and so on” acceptable in formal writing? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: On the usage of “etcetera” Is the abbreviation etc. or "and so on" acceptable in scientific writing papers?
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3answers
995 views

Why abbreviation for “Definition” as “Def^n” (math context)

I've seen in math and physics lectures delivered in English, that people use to abreviate the commonly very used word "Definition" by "Def n"(Def superscript n). What's the meaning of this n? That is, ...
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1answer
188 views

OED Appeals: Antedatings of “DIY”

The OED has made a public appeal for help in tracing the history of some English words, including: DIY abbreviation earlier than 1955 DIY is of course an abbreviation of do it yourself, ...
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1answer
209 views

Should the abbreviation 'i.e.' be used in speech?

I often hear people use the abbreviation 'i.e.' while speaking. It does not seem right to me. Similarly with 'e.g.' — I would always say 'for example' rather than 'e.g.'. So is it appropriate to ...
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1answer
225 views

Apostrophe and plurals of abbreviations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the correct way to pluralize an acronym? I was in Middlesbrough yesterday and spotted: CJ’s Cafe So far, so good, I thought. A selection of the delights within ...
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2answers
362 views

How to correctly assimilate dots, if at all?

I see this sentence: There are many examples like mining, farming, foresting etc., that are dangerous to society because they cause environmental damage. Shouldn't "etc.," be written instead ...
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0answers
191 views

Is the word “etc.” including more things which are not mentioned? [closed]

I wonder the correct usage of 'etc.'. It seems to me that some people, they really pursuit thoroughness when they try to list things and they speak etc. at the end like saying "that's all". For ...
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1answer
280 views

Abbreviation or expression for ‘we will prove that’ [closed]

In German mathematics, the expression ‘Zu zeigen’ exists, which translates to ‘to show’. It is used at the beginning of proofs (or the answers to exercises) to state what exactly will be shown in the ...
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4answers
2k views

How to abbreviate “compare”, “see”, “refer to”

In my native language (Italian) there are convenient abbreviations for compare (cfr) and see or refer to (vd). Is there anything similar in English? Or should I just use the complete words see or ...
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1answer
4k views

Symbol, punctuation, or abbreviation that indicates a “paraphrase”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the proper use of [square brackets] in quotes? This question is born of practical necessity - one that I encountered while quoting a reference in "another" Stack ...
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1answer
154 views

What do references like “Docc Rom.” and similar mean? [closed]

In the book Giordano Bruno: His Life and Thought, by Dorothea Waley Singer, references often have a form of 18 Doc. Ven. XV. or 49 Docc. Rom. XX, XXI. How to decipher them?
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3k views

What is the abbreviation for “state”?

Obviously, when I go to Google this or search virtually anywhere I get a list of state abbreviations. But I'm curious, what would the proper way be to abbreviate the actual word state?
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1answer
2k views

What is the full form of e.g.? [closed]

What is the full form of "e.g." as we use it to say "for example"? Like There were people from many Asian countries e.g. India, Japan..
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5answers
2k views

Which would you place in parentheses: the expansion or the abbreviation? [closed]

When dealing with abbreviations, should you parenthesize the abbreviation or its expansion? I have seen it both ways. Can anyone make a good case for preferring one style over the other?
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1answer
431 views

How do I correctly write distance? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is it appropriate to use non-breaking spaces? If I am writing "I ran X distance", should I leave a space between the value and abbreviated distance, or is it more ...
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1answer
143 views

Is it OK to switch between abbreviated and non-abbreviated versions?

For example, having one paragraph where the abbreviation XYZ is used a number of times. Then, in the following paragraph, having the full version Xxxx Yyyy Zzzz several times. How about in the same ...
4
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1answer
587 views

proper way to write the slang term for “gravitational force”

I came across something very similar to this in a thriller novel: At this stage, the rocket is experiencing its maximum acceleration, say about ten gees. Here, the author has spelled out the ...
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1answer
1k views

Periods after directional abreviation in address

I am creating a business card, and I need to put the address of the company on it. What is the proper way to write this address? 555 14th St NW, Atlanta, GA 55555 555 14th St NW., Atlanta, ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it appropriate to use “the” before an abbreviation? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Using the definite article with acronyms and initialisms For example, which one of these is more appropriate: I am talking about what the UNICEF has done for India. ...
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2answers
199 views

How can you omit repetition of words with prefixes, e.g. “inputs and outputs”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Use of hyphens when writing repeated compound words that has common parts I am looking for a general way of shortening the repetition of words with prefixes like ...
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5answers
89k views

What is the correct abbreviation of “continued”? [closed]

Assume that I give my work information in my CV with the date (year) intervals. My last position started this year and is continued at the moment. Example Co. ABC Manager 2012 - cont. How ...
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2answers
1k views

Correct spacing used between numbers and abbreviations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Punctuation with units How to write units? I see many people don't use a space between a numeral and an abbreviation, such as "7lb" or "5mm". Shouldn't it be "7 lbs." ...
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2answers
1k views

Why 'Mrs.' isn't read as 'mistress'?

Wasn't Mrs. short for mistress? Why do we read Mrs. as missus(or sometimes missis) instead of mistress?
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3answers
2k views

Does the abbreviation for Saint in a church name require a period?

In referring to a local church, does the name "St Giles" require a period after the "St"? I was told that to add a period confuses it with the abbreviation for street.
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2answers
661 views

Why some abbreviations ended with a period, but some not?

I have just bought an Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. This is it's first page showing some abbreviations used in the dictionary. My question is: why some abbreviations ended with a period ...
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2answers
268 views

“E.g.” or “e. g.” (with a blank)?

What is the correct form, and why, in scientific papers (US English)? e.g. e. g.
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2answers
7k views

Is there a definitive spelling for the shortened version of “as per usual”?

A shortened version of the phrase “as per usual” is now used as slang when referring to something that is typical or expected, often in an exaggerated or hyperbolic manner. For example: Bill: ...
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336 views

“Whn U Ck Me, U WL Fnd Me Sez da Lord.” in this picture (publicity)

Does the style (if it is) shown in the picture below have a particular name?
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3k views

Does the word “units” have a valid abbreviation?

Is there any precedent for abbreviating the word Units, and if more than one, is there any standardized prescription (no pun intended on my example) for which abbreviation to use in which context? ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it “D.J., ”DJ“ or ”deejay"?

This is in the context of a person who plays recorded music at a party or club. Referring to such a person as a "disk jockey" or "jock" seems hopelessly old fashioned. Three variants are in vogue and ...
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6answers
57k views

Correct abbreviation of “engineer”

What is the correct abbreviation of engineer? In my organization, some of my colleagues use Eng. and some use Engr.
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0answers
841 views

Are there any other abbreviations in the set “sb.” and “sth.”? [closed]

In the context of foreign language grammar study, "sb." and "sth." serve as substitutions for "somebody" and "something", essentially telling readers that a person or thing can be placed in that part ...
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2answers
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What is the rule for shortening people's names? (E.g. Michael → Mike) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Changes in English names of people How do we shorten names in general? For example, Almond → Al, Michael → Mike. I remember seeing a Wikipedia page on which frequently ...
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1answer
1k views

When listing species of plants, what does “var.” mean?

Sometimes within the Latin names of plants, I will find the word "var.", which I assume is an abbreviation, e.g. Ursinia chrysanthemoides var. geyeri. What is the meaning of this? Is it sometimes ...
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2answers
324 views

Can you use the abbreviation 'ID' as a verb?

Although I could substitute 'identify' in place of 'ID', would it be considered improper to use 'ID' as a verb? Here's what I mean: That boy looks underage, I think we should ?ID him.
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2answers
811 views

Is it proper to use ordinal suffixes on fractions?

I know in more formal writing, spelling out fractions is preferred (e.g. two-thirds), and in math no suffix is used, but I frequently see ordinal suffixes being used on fractions (e.g. 2/3rds), even ...
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4answers
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Is it suitable to use 'etc.' in an academic paper?

I'm writing one of my first academic papers and I'm not sure whether etc. is too informal. Should I use et cetera instead?
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1answer
254 views

Does the long form of an abbreviation go in quotes?

I am trying to use and introduce an abbreviation in a sentence. Example: I worked with technologies such as Syntactically Awesome Stylesheets (Sass) while working on my project. Does the ...
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2answers
201 views

Understanding customary usage(s?) of “FYI” [closed]

Can anyone demonstrate the various usages of FYI, meaning the “for your information” thing? It would be great to see it in different kinds of sentences!
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5answers
1k views

Is “iff” considered a real word or just an abbreviation?

I wonder if "iff" is considered a real word (as LEO says) or is it just an abbreviation (as in Wiktionary)?
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3answers
656 views

What does “E-Z” mean?

Is it an abbreviation or is it used instead "A-Z"? I have seen it being used multiple places: E-Z cook oven E-Z Hiscores
3
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2answers
4k views

First name initial format “A. B. Lastname” vs “A.-B. Lastname”

Sometimes I see names abbreviated sometimes as A. B. Lastname and some other times A.-B. Lastname. Is there a difference? Does the former means it is a middle name, and the latter means it is a part ...
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3answers
5k views

What are the patterns/rules for determining U.S. state abbreviations?

I vaguely recall memorizing the state abbreviations in grades school. And I seem to remember my teacher sharing a few ground rules for helping us memorize them. No two states may have the same ...
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1answer
132 views

Questions about abbreviations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “PIN Number” — why do we say it? Assume we abbreviate "Orthogonal Multi-user Channel" as OMC. Is it correct to use the phrase "OMC channel" since channel is ...
3
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1answer
606 views

What is the correct plural form of an abbreviation whose last word starts with 'S'? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the correct way to pluralize an acronym? Plural of an initialism that ends with the letter S What is the correct plural form of an abbreviation whose last word ...
1
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3answers
711 views

Abbreviations and Full Stops

What are the rules for putting a full stop after an abbreviation. For instance, I want to say the following on my business card. Tel: xxx-xxx-xxx Do I need to put a full stop after the Tel? Tel.: ...