An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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“cf. with” vs “cf.”?

The abbreviation cf. according to Wikipedia should be read as compare. Which, therefore, of the following would be a more correct statement: 1) The properties of the electric field are given below ...
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1answer
23 views

Abbreviation: single words in plural

In my specific case I want to abbreviate the word section. I abbreviate the singular case to sec. and hope that's correct. I have no idea, however, how to abbreviate sections. Is it secs? Is it ...
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51 views

What does the 'pps' mean in “Beowulf, pps. 29-49” [closed]

I have an exam tomorrow and this is the syllabus, but I have no idea what "pps" means.
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2answers
41 views

When should 'viz.' be followed by a comma?

Some Latin abbreviations as 'i.e.' and 'e.g.' are always followed by a comma. For the Latin abbreviation 'viz.', sometimes it is followed by a comma, sometimes it is not. What is the rule for ...
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3answers
108 views

Abbreviation of “Street”

I know that Street is abbreviated as St. But does the t in St represent the first t or the last t in Street? Drive is abbreviated as Dr, which means it could be the first t, but Road is abbreviated ...
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1answer
31 views

Usage of the abbreviation resp. in scientific writing

Is it a good practice to use the abbreviation resp. for respectively in scientific writing ? Let consider the following sentence as example. "The word size (resp., word length) is defined as the ...
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1answer
23 views

In the Definition of Terms section of an academic paper, should one list abbreviations after the term . .

In the Definition of Terms section of an academic paper, should one list abbreviations after the term, regardless of whether or not the abbreviation is used elsewhere in the paper? The paper in my ...
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4answers
2k views

Should “ya” have an apostrophe? “Doin”? Etc

"How ya doin?" v. "How ya' doin'?" and so on. There's... a debate.
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1answer
67 views

Without context, what is the shortest question (by character count) in the English language?

The shortest I can come up with are the following four: "Who am I?" has 8 characters (counting spaces). "Why me?" and "Who is?" both have 7 characters (counting spaces). "Is it?" has 6 characters ...
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3answers
49 views

How to abbreviate the bottom (or to top) of a page?

I want to cite a passage in a book. This a short passage that starts at the bottom of a page. The usage for indicating a page is "p. 314". In this case, this usage only provides a part of the ...
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2answers
55 views

Should there be a space in e.g./i.e. between a dot?

Should there be a space (thin space) in e.g./i.e. between a dot? Taking in account that e.g. is shortening of exemplī grātiā, then one should use space between e.spaceg., is not it? I believe that ...
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2answers
53 views

Starting a text with “i.e.” [duplicate]

This is related to Can I start a sentence with "i.e."? so I'll use his sentence as an example. I agree that it should be a parenthetical statement, not a separate sentence (which is was the ...
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45 views

What is the abbreviation for “accept” or “acceptance?”

What is the preferred abbreviation for "accept" or "acceptance?" Is it "acc," "acpt" or some other abbreviation?
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1answer
51 views

Why “a UAE offical” and not “an UAE official”? [duplicate]

Per http://travel.stackexchange.com/questions/58121/want-to-verify-uae-visa/58124#comment119149_58124 I should've used "a UAE official" but I thought U is a vowel and before vowels "an" is used. Where ...
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1answer
46 views

“Choco chips” for chocolate chips?

Is it alright to call chocolate chips "choco chips" in a shortened form as we do in many Asian countries. Does this sound strange or funny to native English speakers? I know "choc chip" is short for ...
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1answer
50 views

Is “The” included when abbreviating if it is the start of the name?

So I'm trying to figure out how to abbreviate "The Elder Scrolls" - which as you may or may not know, is the title for a popular game series. Now, would this be abbreviated as "ES" or "TES"? When you ...
3
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0answers
76 views

English and Double Abbreviation Possibilities [duplicate]

I've always wondered (and as a child caused quite a few frowns from my English teachers) working this out.. If we can abbreviate words like: Would and Not to Wouldn't Could and Have to Could've ...
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17 views

Punctuation & Spacing for abbreviations [duplicate]

What is the correct way to use the abbreviation for "Feet" (Ft) and should there a space between a number and the abbreviation?
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1answer
85 views

Short form of thank God [closed]

I know it's wrong to say thanks God, but since there is no abbreviation for thank, is it correct to say Tnx God? I mean could 'Tnx God' be a short form of 'thank God'?
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1answer
48 views

How is an Annexure different from an Appendix?

I am reviewing a rather large(~150 page) design document and I feel that some sections are more descriptive and overloaded with jargon. However, modifying those sections seem to dilute the point being ...
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3answers
54 views

Pronunciation of iff

Do most of English speakers understand the word "iff" in text, and is there a standard pronunciation other than the full "if and only if"?
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1answer
34 views

How do I list multiple married couples names on an inviation

I am listing multiple married couples as hosts for a wedding shower. Do I have to use Mr. & Mrs. before every name? The space on the invitation is limited.
2
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1answer
48 views

“IoT”: How well understood is this abbreviation, especially when heard, not read? [closed]

How well understood is the abbreviation “IoT” for “Internet of things”? A company has a product, let’s call it the “IoT Refrigerator.” At first glance, I personally had no idea what this “IoT” is. ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Are “lb” or “lbs” ever pronounced differently from “pound(s)”?

The “standard” pronunciation of lb or lbs is the same as for pound(s). However, given the nature of humans, I find it likely that in some slang a pronunciation based on the written word is used, ...
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2answers
154 views

Short form of word “available”

Is there a short form for word Available as in qty for Quantity? I do not even think that "short from" is the right word for what I'm after. If that's so then what is this form called? Shorthand ...
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1answer
35 views

Can I use “# of subjects” as “the number of subjects” in column headings in academic papers? [closed]

I'm now writing an academic paper. To keep a table column short, I want to abbreviate the heading "the number of subjects" as "# of subjects." I saw such an abbreviation somewhere, but I don't know ...
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1answer
28 views

Capitalization in abbreviated references

I was reading through some company documents regarding “Our Vision, Values And Principles”, etc., and was wondering about how they were referenced later in the text. Frequently the author wrote ...
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56 views

CC Before a date ie: CC 1788 on old Documents indicating a date of death?

I am doing Genealogy Research. The U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930 indicates CC before a death date. What does CC stand for? Thank~you for your time, Michelle Knesebeck
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2answers
92 views

Is it true that people are unfamiliar with abbreviations like “i.e.” and “e.g.” and therefore it is best to avoid using them? [closed]

Is it true that people are generally unfamiliar with abbreviations like "i.e." and "e.g." and therefore it is best to avoid using them in technical writing? Avoid abbreviations such as “i.e.” and ...
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1answer
92 views

How to abbreviate a double-barrelled surname?

I have the initials D S-K as I have a double-barrelled surname, and this has always been how I have written them. I was recently reading through The Lord of the Rings, and realised that a character's ...
9
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1answer
136 views

Was the abbreviation “PC” for “Personal computer” in wide use before the IBM PC?

I am aware of the history of the term PC after the IBM PC, and I'm aware that the term Personal Computer has existed long before the IBM PC. However, what I don't know is if the abbreviation "PC" for ...
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1answer
62 views

Capital letter for the word following Inc

In the context of a catalogue, if a product comes with a charging cable for example, should it be typed: Inc. Charging cable. or Inc. charging cable.
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1answer
40 views

Synonym for “not the kind of” or “not the type of”

Is there a synonym or more succinct way to say "not the kind of" or "not the type of" as in: "This wrench is not the kind of wrench that can be used to open this machine." or "This vitamin is not ...
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1answer
167 views

Why PhD, and not DPh

Phd is an abbreviation of Doctor of Philosophy, but unlike MSc (Master of Science), MBA (Master of Business Administration) , BA (Bachelor of Arts), BSc (Bachelor of Science) and others the order of ...
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1answer
49 views

Is a word like 'thx' a contraction or abbreviation?

Putting aside that the use of 'thx' is bad, and it isn't really a word. Would 'thx' be considered a contraction or abbreviation? Contraction: a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a ...
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0answers
69 views

Does using abbreviated/vernacular spelling affect reading speed? [closed]

The spelling in an average text message is quite bad ('u'=you, 'r'=are, 'l8r'=later, etc), and intentional abbreviations are often used for space concerns. Has the effect of this on reading speed and ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Noun + Gerund vs Gerund + Noun

I try to shorten the expression: "period [of smth] when [the device] moves / stands" to use it as a parameter name, and have come up with these two options: 'Period moving' / 'Period standing' ...
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37 views

Ending a sentence with abbreviation and ellipses

When using an abbreviation at the end of a sentence, such as "etc." and a ellipses, would you use three or four periods?
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1answer
271 views

3D vs 3d vs 3-d vs 3-dimensional

How do you correctly abbreviate that something is in "three dimensions" in formal writing? As per the title, would you write either "3D", "3d", or "3-d"? I want to write something like: The ...
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1answer
44 views

Clarifying abbreviation presentation

Consider the following sentence as an example: "The present analysis suggests that the central Indian (CI) region is loaded with higher aerosol concentration and that rainfall is significantly ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What is the spelled-out form of SA in Nestlé SA? [closed]

The Wikipedia page of Nestlé writes the full name of the company as Nestlé S.A. What does the S.A. stand for?
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1answer
101 views

about a weight abbreviation

I would like to ask a question about an abbreviation about for weighing silk and goatswool in a commercial manuscript. The abbreviation using like on the photos. Can you please help me what is the ...
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0answers
28 views

Does this numeronym abbreviation syntax have a specific name? [duplicate]

Is there a name for the type of numeronym abbreviation that has the first and last letters with the count of the missing letters in between? Some examples: l10n - localization p13n - ...
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2answers
86 views

Is it OK to pronounce kilogram as “kay gee” (/ˈkeɪˈdʒiː/)?

Would the same also apply to other abbreviations such as km (kay-em) instead of kilometer? I can see an advantage to reading millimeter as mm (em-em) because it's quicker to say.
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1answer
51 views

How to avoid two levels of parentheses when using abbreviations

In the paragraph below, technology-related terms like DSRC and LTE are mentioned for the first time in the text. So they have to be given in the long form. As a result, two levels of parentheses ...
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1answer
85 views

Is “apps” a concatenation?

I am aware that "apps" is commonly used as a plural form of "app" in this time and age, which in itself is an abbreviation of "application". But if I assume that "apps" is actually formed from ...
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1answer
69 views

Does English contain any “abbreviated” words as a core part of its corpus? [closed]

In other words, are any of the core words in English from the pre-digital era a derivation of other words, abbreviated? Online I find myself using "wrt" a lot, short for "with respect to". But "wrt" ...
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1answer
71 views

Abbreviation of “depth” [closed]

What is the abbreviation of "depth"? I found DPT and D. Sometimes they were accompanied by periods, other times not. Any help?
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51 views

Is “Jap” more commonly used in media with space restrictions?

From time to time, I encounter people using the word "Jap" on Twitter. One explanation I've seen for its use is that it's shorter than "Japanese" or "Japan", so it's easier to write tweets that fit ...
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11 views

Full stop after an abreviation [duplicate]

Consider a sentence ending with an abbreviation; for example: This theory is introduced by Hawking et al. The problem is that we usually put a period at the end of an abbreviation, but ...