An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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When are Roman Numeral suffixes appropriate for number abbreviations?

This question was asked and closed last year as general reference. However, it did not attract the caliber of answer I expected it to. I suggested the below content as an edit, but it was rejected for ...
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1answer
22 views

When to spell out or when the acronym itself is sufficient

When using an acronym for the first time, it must be spelled out. That's a given. However, if there is a "Definition" section where ALL acronyms that are going to be used in the document are defined ...
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0answers
22 views

Pronounce abreviation/acronym as word or based

If you have an abbreviation that reads like a word, should you pronounce it like the word it reads like, or the words it came from? For example, in the software development world there is a JAR ...
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0answers
46 views

Can “e.g.” be used to indicate that the preceding clause is an example?

I was advised not to use "for example" in academic work. If I have the following sentence: "The state of New York, for example, uses Auctions to assign...", is it possible to substitute the "for ...
4
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2answers
321 views

Page range abbreviation “pp.164–71” — a typo or a common shorthand? [closed]

I have to translate the following sentence into French: Scrapers and abrasives are used to prepare the surface of a workpiece before a finish (pp.164–71) is applied. I believe there is a mistake ...
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0answers
25 views

Should TPS (transactions per second) be upper or lower case [duplicate]

If one wants to write shorthand for transactions per second what would be correct casing? TPS or tps? As SI unit, s is always lowercase and thus I believe it should be written as "tps". On other ...
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1answer
63 views

Accepted way to abbreviate cities that have “Saint” in their name

My first question here, so I'm not sure if this OT or not, so please bare with me. Background: I don't live in US. I'm working with some data that I'm pulling from Adwords. Sometimes, I'm getting a ...
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1answer
73 views

Can we use the abbreviation “etc” without a period/full stop?

Throughout Practical English Usage 3rd Edition (Swan, 2005), the author writes etc in a manner I can't help but wonder if it's a typo. Much/far/a lot etc more money Many/far/a lot etc ...
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1answer
70 views

When is it proper to abbreviate first to 1st?

When is it proper to use 1st instead of first? For example, is the correct sentence acceptable? Can you give more detail about why you 1st got involved? I tried finding some authoritative ...
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0answers
22 views

Regarding abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text

What is common practice regarding the use of abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text? Is it encouraged? Should it be avoided? Is it preferable to include the full name of the term ...
9
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1answer
216 views

Is there reference material for dictionary abbreviations used in the first half of the 20th century?

I have a lot of abbreviations that I can't work out the meaning of from an old etymological dictionary and I'm looking for a reference that will explain them all. I have a copy of an etymological ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Meaning of “fl.” and “seq.”

Currently I am reading a book titled Configurations of culture growth by the American anthropologist Alfred Louis Kroeber. Part of his book consists of tables that iist eminent people from all fields ...
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2answers
305 views

What is the proper abbreviation for “version”? (in English and Japanese literature)

I see both (for example) "ProductName v1.0" and "ProductName ver 1.0" and wanted to know what was the proper use for technical/computer literature. Bonus thanks if anyone knows the proper usage in ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Do I use “ID” or “Id” [closed]

I'm not an expert on English, but I'm fairly picky. I'm also a programmer, and I regularly use the word "Id" as an abbreviation for Identifier. So I was wondering whether it's more correct to use "Id" ...
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3answers
76 views

“A 1000-sqft room” vs. “a 1000 sq. ft. room”

Which of the following is correct? This is a 1000-sqft room This is a 1000 sq. ft. room Or perhaps neither is right and there's a better alternative?
1
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1answer
169 views

Mixing use of K for thousands and MM for millions

Traditionally, M is used as the symbol for thousands and MM for millions in the business world, particularly in accounting. However, there has been a growing tendency to use K as the symbol for ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Is there any reason so many people abbreviate “etcetera” as “ect.”? [closed]

People do many strange things, such as spell "loose" (the opposite of tight) as "lose" (the opposite of win) - and even vice versa sometimes. Another oddity is when they say "literally" when that is ...
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3answers
62 views

How to properly write multiple abbreviations

I have been taught that if you want to use an acronym or abbreviation you should write it in full the first time like this: World Health Organisation (WHO) But what happens if there are two or ...
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2answers
83 views

Capitalization of bpm/BPM meaning beats per minute

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "bpm" as an abbreviation of "beats per minute" and gives the example: a pulse rate of 40 bpm Is there an explanation for the curious feature that this ...
0
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1answer
43 views

How to shorten If SVO+prep. A, then SVO+prep. B.?

How to shorten the following sentence? If the teacher brings a gift for Adam, then the teacher brings a gift for Barbara. This sentence does not make much sense. My question is if there is a ...
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2answers
43 views

Footnote editing

A riddle for the weekend. If p stands for one page, pp stand for a range of pages, which one should I use in a footnote with J. Jones, page 21 and other pages? I.e. do I write pp. 21 and further or ...
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2answers
79 views

Use of hyphens in acronyms

PTP-SD is a type of algorithm. PTP stands for "probabilistic tree pruning" SD stands for "sphere decoding" PTP-SD is a type of algorithm that uses PTP with SD. My question is about the use of the ...
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2answers
84 views

Initials representing a letter instead of a word

Harry Truman's middle initial is rather unique because, unlike most middle initials, it doesn't just represent the first letter of his middle name - it is his middle name. His parents chose the ...
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2answers
68 views

Space before computer storage abbreviations [closed]

Forgive me if this has already been asked, I could not find it via search. My question is this: what is the proper way to append computer storage abbreviations to a number? For example, a 500 ...
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2answers
40 views

captilization of words with abbreviation

I always used to capitalize first letter of words that have abbreviation. For example, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). I do this more often when i mention the ...
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5answers
55 views

What do you call devices which passed the test successfully?

Say we have two lists (or two buckets. whatever is easier for you to imagine) List of the devices under testing. List of the ones which passed the test successfully and moved from list (1) to list ...
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1answer
44 views

May numero sign (No.) be used to indicate amount?

I found that numero sign (No.) may be used as abbreviation of word "number" in meaning "ordinal number". May it be used as abbreviation of word "number" in meaning "amount"?
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0answers
28 views

Condensing information which uses the same sentence structure via parentheses

Suppose I want to unify the following definitions into one sentence An X system is given by its X representation A Y system is given by its Y representation A Z system is given by its Z ...
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1answer
414 views

Abbreviation for Estimated [closed]

What is the correct abbreviation for the word estimated? (not "estimated time of arrival", just the single word)
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1answer
128 views

“In the mid of 1990s” Is it grammatically correct?

What is the correct way to write the following phrase? In the mid of 1990s What are the (writing) variants of that expression? (I just want to know, to diversify my writing.) Thank you.
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4answers
85 views

What is synonym of Abide? [closed]

What is synonym of Abide? a) Pays b) Diverts c) Hang Real sentence is "Curse abides on a tyrant for ever!"
31
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4answers
2k views

“Maths” for “Mathematics”; where does the S come from?

So in US English we shorten mathematics to math, and in the UK they say maths. Where does the 'S' come from in the UK version? For some reason I had it in my head that this was just because it's ...
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1answer
52 views

Pronoun : Antecedent :: Abbreviation : ___________ ? I.e., is there a name for the corresponding word/phrase to which some abbreviation refers?

E.g., when you use 'BAL' to refer to 'Baltimore'-- or even the 'Baltimore Orioles'-- we call 'BAL' an abbreviation. What is 'Baltimore' in this context? I've yet to find support on Wikipedia for my ...
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2answers
258 views

Pronunciation of “SUS” in “Stainless Steel SUS 304”

How do engineers and the like who are native speakers of English pronounce “SUS” (stainless steel)? Like the verb “suss”? Like “SOS” (mayday) but with “U”?
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0answers
49 views

Middle English Date citations in Oxford English Dictionary [closed]

I have seen some citations in the OED that use dates such as 'c. 1295', which I assume to mean 'circa 1295'. However, I have also seen dates that appear as 'a. 1393' - what does this 'a' stand for? ...
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1answer
44 views

Can I ask a question?

Does it have the phrase: be independent from sb I've looked for some documents but I couldn't find it. Is there anyone who can help me ?
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1answer
35 views

abbreviations as participles

When an abbreviation serves as a verb, the past participle generally takes an apostrophe followed by a d: KO'd ID'd OD'd OK'd What is the proper present participle? If KOing IDing ODing OKing is ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

When using “HR” for Human Resources, should “a” or “an” be used in front of it in a sentence? [duplicate]

IS HR an acronym? Should "a" or "an" be used in front of it in a sentence, such as: Do you have an HR question?
1
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1answer
67 views

Capitalization after '3D'

I'm translating for a company that creates specialized 3D software. In a lot of the brochures, there are bullet points for things like '3D road design.' or '3D visibility.' To my eye, the words 'road' ...
11
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2answers
250 views

Is the term “KTV” in use in any English-speaking country?

While travelling recently for two months in mainland China I noticed many buildings with the English letters KTV in their signage. At first I thought this was something to do with company names or ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Where does the second “l” come from in “till”? [duplicate]

I've always wondered this: surely an abbreviation of until should abbreviate the word, without subsequently needing to double the last letter? Are there any reasons for this?
5
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1answer
228 views

Which is the correct 'apostrophe' to use when typing? ' (quote) or ` (backtick)

A recent discussion came up in GameDev that suggests that when you are using apostrope for abbreviations, that the correct apostrophe to use when typing is the backtick. On US Keyboards below the ...
0
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1answer
2k views

What do CI, CIM, CID, CIB mean?

I was talking to a friend about a girl, and he mentioned that “She can pretty much CI anything, CIB, CIM or CID.” I’m wondering what these mean. The context was sexual experience. Sorry if I missed ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Does “numeric” abbreviation eg i18n have a name?

In the computer programming context, several long words are commonly abbreviated using the formula first letter, number of letters between, last letter. Eg internationalization --> i18n Is there a ...
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1answer
20 views

Terms that representing a filtered tags

On my webpage I'm trying to filter search results, using tags. Very much so like here. Now suppose I have three tags that I've selected. I show three options in the web page. Option1: Search ...
0
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3answers
276 views

Abbreviation of words only in 3 letters! [closed]

Is there a Document or Dictionary to shows words in short form? (in 3 letters) for example Abbreviation of Ireland is: IRL I have to write some words (like computer/internet/technology/...) just in ...
8
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4answers
1k views

the USA vs the US

I am writing an essay where I need to make a reference to the United States of America. Often I hear this shortened to the US, but sometimes people also say the USA. Are there any difference between ...
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2answers
115 views

What are the rules to shorten phrases correctly?

I have a dilemma, I do not know how to shorten the expression, room temperature. I used to write it as RT, but several times I've seen people abbreviate it as rt. Which one is correct? And what ...
3
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2answers
155 views

What does “U” mean in a “2U herd”?

In the song Old Chisholm Trail, a famous cowboy song there's the following line: I started up the trail October 23rd Started up the trail with a 2U herd (emphasis mine) For lyrics. I know 2U ...
2
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2answers
50 views

Are the abbreviations IMO and IMHO synonymous to each other?

Is there a difference between IMO (In My Opinion) and IMHO (In My Honest Opinion)? You see both forms frequently being used in online conversatiosn. Do they mean the same, or is there a slight ...