An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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“PRO REACH” can we use this to indicate professional reaching out to somebody?

"PRO REACH" can we use this to indicate professional reaching out to needy businessman .. O want to make it in one sentence .. PROfessional REACH out => PRO REACH .. is this make good English??
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1answer
28 views

“The Departments of Mathematics and Economics”. Make sense?

I wish to list several academic departments in one essay. Initially, I wrote them in full as "the Department of Mathematics, the Department of Economics, the Department of Philosophy". However, it is ...
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1answer
41 views

Is there a name to differentiate abbreviations that come before or after the word it refers to or relates to?

Is there a name to differentiate abbreviations that come before or after the word it refers to or relates to? For example: St. Michael's Church (In this situation St. always comes before St. ____ ) ...
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2answers
75 views

birth-death range - person still alive

I am wondering if there exists a specific symbol or word I can use in a birth-death range. When I introduce a specific person in my main text, I use a footnote to provide the reader some additional ...
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2answers
44 views

Is there a concise term or abbreviation for “Decimal Places”?

Is there a concise term or abbreviation for "Decimal Places"? I have a table that I'm trying to squeeze in information and the column header is wider than the information it contains. Context: ...
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1answer
47 views

abbreviation in academic papers [duplicate]

During the paper writing, a question came up into my mind: can abbreviations be used in these articles? There are at least 2 kinds of abbreviations, one is the so-called terminologies(or jargons?) ...
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2answers
54 views

How to abbreviate yesterday [closed]

What is the correct way to abbreviate Yesterday? I'm showing two columns of data for Today and Yesterday but I don't have enough room to show the full word. Today YTD Today YD Today Y-Day Today ...
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2answers
45 views

Is it OK to use 2 consecutive abbreviations? [closed]

The title is self-explanatory, but let's consider the following abbreviations: GI: gastro-intestinal DA : dopamine (the neurotransmitter) Is the following sentence correct? (Would you be insulted ...
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2answers
53 views

“Mr. John s/o Mr. Wagner” vs “Mr. John s/o Mr. & Mrs. Wagner”

Which one below is correct? Mr. John s/o Mr. Wagner OR Mr. John s/o Mr. & Mrs. Wagner Is it necessary to affix Mr. & Mrs. in this case? It seems superfluous to add Mrs. because a ...
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1answer
58 views

Why did “ctte” become the popular abbreviation of “committee”? [closed]

The word “committee” is a long and tedious one to type or write; I can easily understand the motivation to invent an abbreviation. When and why, though, did “ctte” become popular? What alternatives ...
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1answer
26 views

Shortening a frequently used phrase in a paper

What is the correct term for referring to something as X throughout the remainder of a paper/article? For instance, I'm writing a mock memorandum to a client in a tax class I'm taking and I would like ...
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5answers
6k views

What does 'TL;DR' mean and how is it used?

I do my best, at my advanced age, to come to grips with the apparent acceptability of such widely used words/expressions/abbreviations as lol/LOL, IMHO, AFAIK, etc. However, TLDR/tl;dr defeats me. ...
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2answers
112 views

What is a word similar to FYI but not objective/neutral

FYI can be used in an email to inform the person reading the email about some information. It is comfortable using this between peers. But what if the mail is intended to inform someone higher in the ...
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2answers
39 views

Accurate Writing of Scientific Abbreviation

It is quite normal to abbreviate long terms usually more than 2 words to simplify the scientific text and reduce space in scientific manuscripts, i.e., conference papers and journal articles. For ...
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1answer
32 views

How to write shorter “without commission fee” max around 8 letter

I need to shorten without commission fee into 8 letter, any idea? I have no more space on the display to show this title.
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3answers
63 views

Should this use of “est.” be “etc.” instead?

A client of mine is using text like this: The planter has been developed to plant row crops like maize, sunflower, soya beans, est. in a single pass without any prior soil preparation through ...
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1answer
58 views

bow’r, affin’d and pow’r [closed]

What usage is the following abbreviations? ‘Not boskiest bow’r,  When hearts are ill affin’d, Hath tree of pow’r To shelter from the wind!’ from The Woodlanders by Thomas ...
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0answers
29 views

How to write shorter “Public Consultation” max around 12 letter

I need to use "Public Consultation" on a smaller screen portion, where there is space for around 12 letters. Any idea for abbreviation?
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2answers
2k views

What does “Y/Y” mean?

In a power-point presentation about interent trends, the abbreviation Y/Y is being used: 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
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3answers
79 views

What does “MM” mean in this context?

There are lots of definitions for MM, but which one is used in the following two sentences? 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
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2answers
95 views

“Muso” and “Journo” Usage and Origin

I have been watching a lot of British TV recently and I hear the word "journos" for journalists and "musos" for musicians, but I don't ever hear these words in the US. From my understanding they don't ...
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2answers
185 views

Is 'a.k.a.' an acceptable abbreviation to use in academic writing?

Is it sometimes (or ever) acceptable to use in academic writing the abbreviation 'a.k.a.' ('also known as')?
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3answers
2k views

Is IOU an abbreviation, an acronym, or an initialism?

IOU stands for I owe you and we pronounce each letter separately. But how do we classify that construction"? abbreviation: a shortened form of a word or phrase acronym: an abbreviation formed from ...
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3answers
68 views

Best way to abbreviate income ranges [duplicate]

I'm looking for recommendations on how best to abbreviate the following demographic income range: 1 below 3,000,000 Japanese yen (JPY) 2 between 3,000,000 and 4,999,999 JPY 3 between 5,000,000 ...
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2answers
68 views

Abbreviation for fixed price of product sold in shops

What is the abbreviation for the fixed price of the product being sold (resale) in consumer shops?
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3answers
50 views

Abbreviation for “last four digits”

I'm now developing a web site at which users can purchase something. Users can also register their credit cards on the site. For security reasons, we show only last 4 digits of their registered cards. ...
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2answers
62 views

What is a short form for Institute of Linguistics? [closed]

What is a short form for "Institute of Linguistics"? Should it be IL or IOL?
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1answer
116 views

Why are abbreviations such as K/R (Kind Regards) not more common in English? [closed]

In German, it is very common to abbreviate letter closings. For example, Mit freundlichen Grüßen --> MFG Liebe Grüße --> LG While these abbreviations are not acceptable in formal ...
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1answer
58 views

How do I abbreviate a phrase with an abbreviation?

Suppose I want to abbreviate British SEO Market. Which is the right way? BSEOM or BSM?
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0answers
77 views

The initialism “i.e. vs. e.g.” [closed]

Many authorities, including the redoubtable Chicago Manual of Style, discourage the use of i.e. and e.g. in formal writing. Is there a difference in usage or can they be seamlessly interchanged? For ...
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2answers
47 views

I stumbled on the word “OKing” while reading an article. Is such Inflection of OK prevalent? [closed]

Three of the primary dictionaries–the OED, M-W, and the Australian Concise Oxford (OA)–show OK as the preferred spelling and okay as an acceptable alternative. The Chicago Manual of Style does not ...
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1answer
3k views

What does “O.G.” stand for?

Currently reading "Slang for the ages. It's swag. bae," by Kory Stamper from International New York Times (October 6, 2014), I came across this acronym O.G. "It[swag]'s generally taken to be a ...
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1answer
51 views

Should I use “a” or “an” prior to an abbreviation? [duplicate]

For example, non-conformance is abbreviated as NC. If I am referring to a non-conformance, I may pronounce the whole word or I may literally say the letters "NC"; in my industry, they are used ...
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66 views

How many shortened versions of a proper name can you use in a single document? [closed]

When your official company name is long, what shortened versions are appropriate to use and can they be interchanged? For example: suppose it is Brown Construction Company. I know the full name ...
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1answer
85 views

Why is World Championship abbreviated as Worlds?

I have noticed that competitions such as European Championship, World Championship, National Championship are commonly abbreviated as Euros, Worlds, Nationals Is there a ...
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2answers
147 views

How to abbreviate in an essay the title of a work that consists of a name and a surname?

I am writing an essay on the short story "Harrison Bergeron." How should I abbreviate the title if I don't want to write out the whole name? Would it simply be "Bergeron" or Harrison?"
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3answers
82 views

“My Mum's” instead of “My Mum's place”: short form only used for places/homes?

In expressions such as We went to John's house. The party was at my Mum's place. it seems to be quite common to leave out "house" and "place", leading to We went to John's. The ...
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2answers
75 views

How are basement levels in shopping malls designated?

In a mall or somewhere with multiple basement levels, what is the proper way to designate each underground level? We have: first floor, second floor, etc. for above ground floors. Underground levels ...
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3answers
339 views

“WE ON” what does it mean? Is it bad English? [closed]

I want to name my upcoming project as WE ON - Information & entertainment media agency . This agency will work in the city and act as communication between businesses and consumers, so I need ...
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2answers
93 views

Confusable plurals with apostrophe s [duplicate]

I have a question related to already shortened words and their plural forms. As I have seen on this site and have found in the dictionary, words like mas and pas are the plural form of the shortened ...
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0answers
32 views

What's the proper usage of apostrophes in plural abbreviations? [duplicate]

If I were to abbreviate the word university, I would most likely write uni — or would uni’ be more correct? If I wanted to say universities, would I write unis or uni’s? My gut instinct would be to ...
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1answer
55 views

Extra vs Extraneous [closed]

I always thought "extra" is nothing but an abbreviation for "extraneous". However a friend of mine pointed out that the two are listed differently in the dictionaries, and have slightly different ...
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3answers
2k views

what is the short form for 'little' ? Is it li'l or lil'?

what is the short form for 'little' ? Is it li'l or lil'?
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2answers
123 views

Shortest words to describe an abbreviated text [closed]

I have to describe abbreviations and need to do it concisely without changing the meaning. The following three abbreviations describe particles which have similar characters but differ in size. ...
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2answers
201 views

When are Roman Numeral suffixes appropriate for number abbreviations?

This question was asked and closed last year as general reference. However, it did not attract the caliber of answer I expected it to. I suggested the below content as an edit, but it was rejected for ...
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2answers
93 views

When to spell out or when the acronym itself is sufficient

When using an acronym for the first time, it must be spelled out. That's a given. However, if there is a "Definition" section where ALL acronyms that are going to be used in the document are defined ...
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0answers
68 views

Pronounce abreviation/acronym as word or based

If you have an abbreviation that reads like a word, should you pronounce it like the word it reads like, or the words it came from? For example, in the software development world there is a JAR ...
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1answer
86 views

Can “e.g.” be used to indicate that the preceding clause is an example?

I was advised not to use "for example" in academic work. If I have the following sentence: "The state of New York, for example, uses Auctions to assign...", is it possible to substitute the "for ...
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2answers
406 views

Page range abbreviation “pp.164–71” — a typo or a common shorthand? [closed]

I have to translate the following sentence into French: Scrapers and abrasives are used to prepare the surface of a workpiece before a finish (pp.164–71) is applied. I believe there is a mistake ...
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25 views

Should TPS (transactions per second) be upper or lower case [duplicate]

If one wants to write shorthand for transactions per second what would be correct casing? TPS or tps? As SI unit, s is always lowercase and thus I believe it should be written as "tps". On other ...