An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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How would you transcribe the pronunciation of “ttiwdty”?

ttiwdty Not an initialism AFAIK (as far as I know) but an acronym like LASER and NATO. It's apparently trending on Urban Dictionary, although the down-votes outnumber the up-votes Thumbs up: 6880 ...
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5answers
6k views

What does 'TL;DR' mean and how is it used?

I do my best, at my advanced age, to come to grips with the apparent acceptability of such widely used words/expressions/abbreviations as lol/LOL, IMHO, AFAIK, etc. However, TLDR/tl;dr defeats me. ...
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2answers
82 views

What is word similar to FYI but not objective/neutral

FYI can be used in an email to inform the person reading the email about some information. It is comfortable using this between peers. But what if the mail is intended to inform someone higher in the ...
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0answers
23 views

What does 'stat' mean in this sentence? [migrated]

This sentence is from a Linux command's return,I can only thought it as 'statistics' but it is the noun form rather than the verb form. unable to stat ./config-2.6.32-431.el6.i686: No such file or ...
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2answers
35 views

Accurate Writing of Scientific Abbreviation

It is quite normal to abbreviate long terms usually more than 2 words to simplify the scientific text and reduce space in scientific manuscripts, i.e., conference papers and journal articles. For ...
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1answer
29 views

How to write shorter “without commission fee” max around 8 letter

I need to shorten without commission fee into 8 letter, any idea? I have no more space on the display to show this title.
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3answers
56 views

Should this use of “est.” be “etc.” instead?

A client of mine is using text like this: The planter has been developed to plant row crops like maize, sunflower, soya beans, est. in a single pass without any prior soil preparation through ...
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1answer
52 views

bow’r, affin’d and pow’r [closed]

What usage is the following abbreviations? ‘Not boskiest bow’r,  When hearts are ill affin’d, Hath tree of pow’r To shelter from the wind!’ from The Woodlanders by Thomas ...
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26 views

How to write shorter “Public Consultation” max around 12 letter

I need to use "Public Consultation" on a smaller screen portion, where there is space for around 12 letters. Any idea for abbreviation?
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2answers
1k views

What does “Y/Y” mean?

In a power-point presentation about interent trends, the abbreviation Y/Y is being used: 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
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3answers
57 views

What does “MM” mean in this context?

There are lots of definitions for MM, but which one is used in the following two sentences? 25MM+ people (+14x Y/Y) use Duolingo app to learn new language 12MM+ teachers / students / parents ...
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2answers
93 views

“Muso” and “Journo” Usage and Origin

I have been watching a lot of British TV recently and I hear the word "journos" for journalists and "musos" for musicians, but I don't ever hear these words in the US. From my understanding they don't ...
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2answers
119 views

Is 'a.k.a.' an acceptable abbreviation to use in academic writing?

Is it sometimes (or ever) acceptable to use in academic writing the abbreviation 'a.k.a.' ('also known as')?
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3answers
2k views

Is IOU an abbreviation, an acronym, or an initialism?

IOU stands for I owe you and we pronounce each letter separately. But how do we classify that construction"? abbreviation: a shortened form of a word or phrase acronym: an abbreviation formed from ...
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3answers
62 views

Best way to abbreviate income ranges [duplicate]

I'm looking for recommendations on how best to abbreviate the following demographic income range: 1 below 3,000,000 Japanese yen (JPY) 2 between 3,000,000 and 4,999,999 JPY 3 between 5,000,000 ...
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2answers
61 views

Abbreviation for fixed price of product sold in shops

What is the abbreviation for the fixed price of the product being sold (resale) in consumer shops?
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3answers
47 views

Abbreviation for “last four digits”

I'm now developing a web site at which users can purchase something. Users can also register their credit cards on the site. For security reasons, we show only last 4 digits of their registered cards. ...
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2answers
51 views

What is a short form for Institute of Linguistics? [closed]

What is a short form for "Institute of Linguistics"? Should it be IL or IOL?
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1answer
98 views

Why are abbreviations such as K/R (Kind Regards) not more common in English? [closed]

In German, it is very common to abbreviate letter closings. For example, Mit freundlichen Grüßen --> MFG Liebe Grüße --> LG While these abbreviations are not acceptable in formal ...
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1answer
52 views

How do I abbreviate a phrase with an abbreviation?

Suppose I want to abbreviate British SEO Market. Which is the right way? BSEOM or BSM?
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69 views

The initialism “i.e. vs. e.g.” [closed]

Many authorities, including the redoubtable Chicago Manual of Style, discourage the use of i.e. and e.g. in formal writing. Is there a difference in usage or can they be seamlessly interchanged? For ...
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2answers
43 views

I stumbled on the word “OKing” while reading an article. Is such Inflection of OK prevalent? [closed]

Three of the primary dictionaries–the OED, M-W, and the Australian Concise Oxford (OA)–show OK as the preferred spelling and okay as an acceptable alternative. The Chicago Manual of Style does not ...
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1answer
3k views

What does “O.G.” stand for?

Currently reading "Slang for the ages. It's swag. bae," by Kory Stamper from International New York Times (October 6, 2014), I came across this acronym O.G. "It[swag]'s generally taken to be a ...
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1answer
45 views

Should I use “a” or “an” prior to an abbreviation? [duplicate]

For example, non-conformance is abbreviated as NC. If I am referring to a non-conformance, I may pronounce the whole word or I may literally say the letters "NC"; in my industry, they are used ...
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0answers
54 views

How many shortened versions of a proper name can you use in a single document? [closed]

When your official company name is long, what shortened versions are appropriate to use and can they be interchanged? For example: suppose it is Brown Construction Company. I know the full name ...
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1answer
62 views

Why is World Championship abbreviated as Worlds?

I have noticed that competitions such as European Championship, World Championship, National Championship are commonly abbreviated as Euros, Worlds, Nationals Is there a ...
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2answers
101 views

How to abbreviate in an essay the title of a work that consists of a name and a surname?

I am writing an essay on the short story "Harrison Bergeron." How should I abbreviate the title if I don't want to write out the whole name? Would it simply be "Bergeron" or Harrison?"
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3answers
71 views

“My Mum's” instead of “My Mum's place”: short form only used for places/homes?

In expressions such as We went to John's house. The party was at my Mum's place. it seems to be quite common to leave out "house" and "place", leading to We went to John's. The ...
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2answers
63 views

How are basement levels in shopping malls designated?

In a mall or somewhere with multiple basement levels, what is the proper way to designate each underground level? We have: first floor, second floor, etc. for above ground floors. Underground levels ...
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3answers
319 views

“WE ON” what does it mean? Is it bad English? [closed]

I want to name my upcoming project as WE ON - Information & entertainment media agency . This agency will work in the city and act as communication between businesses and consumers, so I need ...
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2answers
81 views

Confusable plurals with apostrophe s [duplicate]

I have a question related to already shortened words and their plural forms. As I have seen on this site and have found in the dictionary, words like mas and pas are the plural form of the shortened ...
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0answers
32 views

What's the proper usage of apostrophes in plural abbreviations? [duplicate]

If I were to abbreviate the word university, I would most likely write uni — or would uni’ be more correct? If I wanted to say universities, would I write unis or uni’s? My gut instinct would be to ...
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1answer
45 views

Extra vs Extraneous [closed]

I always thought "extra" is nothing but an abbreviation for "extraneous". However a friend of mine pointed out that the two are listed differently in the dictionaries, and have slightly different ...
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3answers
960 views

what is the short form for 'little' ? Is it li'l or lil'?

what is the short form for 'little' ? Is it li'l or lil'?
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2answers
109 views

Shortest words to describe an abbreviated text [closed]

I have to describe abbreviations and need to do it concisely without changing the meaning. The following three abbreviations describe particles which have similar characters but differ in size. ...
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2answers
167 views

When are Roman Numeral suffixes appropriate for number abbreviations?

This question was asked and closed last year as general reference. However, it did not attract the caliber of answer I expected it to. I suggested the below content as an edit, but it was rejected for ...
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2answers
65 views

When to spell out or when the acronym itself is sufficient

When using an acronym for the first time, it must be spelled out. That's a given. However, if there is a "Definition" section where ALL acronyms that are going to be used in the document are defined ...
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0answers
57 views

Pronounce abreviation/acronym as word or based

If you have an abbreviation that reads like a word, should you pronounce it like the word it reads like, or the words it came from? For example, in the software development world there is a JAR ...
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1answer
78 views

Can “e.g.” be used to indicate that the preceding clause is an example?

I was advised not to use "for example" in academic work. If I have the following sentence: "The state of New York, for example, uses Auctions to assign...", is it possible to substitute the "for ...
4
votes
2answers
382 views

Page range abbreviation “pp.164–71” — a typo or a common shorthand? [closed]

I have to translate the following sentence into French: Scrapers and abrasives are used to prepare the surface of a workpiece before a finish (pp.164–71) is applied. I believe there is a mistake ...
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0answers
25 views

Should TPS (transactions per second) be upper or lower case [duplicate]

If one wants to write shorthand for transactions per second what would be correct casing? TPS or tps? As SI unit, s is always lowercase and thus I believe it should be written as "tps". On other ...
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1answer
105 views

Accepted way to abbreviate cities that have “Saint” in their name

My first question here, so I'm not sure if this OT or not, so please bare with me. Background: I don't live in US. I'm working with some data that I'm pulling from Adwords. Sometimes, I'm getting a ...
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1answer
216 views

Can we use the abbreviation “etc” without a period/full stop?

Throughout Practical English Usage 3rd Edition (Swan, 2005), the author writes etc in a manner I can't help but wonder if it's a typo. Much/far/a lot etc more money Many/far/a lot etc ...
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1answer
117 views

When is it proper to abbreviate first to 1st?

When is it proper to use 1st instead of first? For example, is the correct sentence acceptable? Can you give more detail about why you 1st got involved? I tried finding some authoritative ...
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0answers
47 views

Regarding abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text

What is common practice regarding the use of abbreviations in chapter/section titles in a technical text? Is it encouraged? Should it be avoided? Is it preferable to include the full name of the term ...
9
votes
1answer
263 views

Is there reference material for dictionary abbreviations used in the first half of the 20th century?

I have a lot of abbreviations that I can't work out the meaning of from an old etymological dictionary and I'm looking for a reference that will explain them all. I have a copy of an etymological ...
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1answer
412 views

Meaning of “fl.” and “seq.”

Currently I am reading a book titled Configurations of culture growth by the American anthropologist Alfred Louis Kroeber. Part of his book consists of tables that list eminent people from all fields ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the proper abbreviation for “version”? (in English and Japanese literature)

I see both (for example) "ProductName v1.0" and "ProductName ver 1.0" and wanted to know what was the proper use for technical/computer literature. Bonus thanks if anyone knows the proper usage in ...
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1answer
260 views

Do I use “ID” or “Id” [closed]

I'm not an expert on English, but I'm fairly picky. I'm also a programmer, and I regularly use the word "Id" as an abbreviation for Identifier. So I was wondering whether it's more correct to use "Id" ...
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3answers
124 views

“A 1000-sqft room” vs. “a 1000 sq. ft. room”

Which of the following is correct? This is a 1000-sqft room This is a 1000 sq. ft. room Or perhaps neither is right and there's a better alternative?