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What are the differences between shop, shoppe, and store?

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6 Answers 6

up vote 10 down vote accepted

While I like @Jigar Joshi's answer, I'll provide some American Connotation, if I can. (Caveat, not a professional culturist)

Shop

I would say that a shop is somewhere you go to have a service preformed, or only provides a single or narrowly focused good. Usually contains a workshop of some kind where the goods are made on-site for the customer.

  • Body Shop refers to an auto repair facility (autobody shop)
  • Wood Shop refers to a place where you can go to get custom woodworking done
  • Coffee Shop a place you can go to get hand-made drinks
  • Butcher's Shop a place to get custom cuts of meat

Store

I would say that a store is the more common American term for a place you go to buy something. They usually have many different sections and offer a wider variety of goods than a shop. The goods you purchase are usually made off-site and only stored on location.

  • Department Store buy furnishings and clothes for each room of the house
  • Grocery Store buy food and many other consumables
  • Online Store buy anything! :D

Shoppe

Generally a fancier term, as @Jigar Joshi mentioned, to give an air of authenticity and aristocracy.

  • Coffee Shoppe here you can buy even more expensive fancy coffee.

But where ever you go, you'll end up shopping regardless of the store.

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Its Joshi :) –  Jigar Joshi Jan 24 '11 at 19:17
    
@Jigar Joshi, oops I'll fix it. –  Stephen Furlani Jan 24 '11 at 19:23
    
One more point :) System won't notify me if you will write @Jigar Joshi you need to start with @org :) Nice answer –  Jigar Joshi Jan 24 '11 at 19:36
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@org, you could just swap your name around then. You can put a link in your profile. –  Stephen Furlani Jan 24 '11 at 19:41
    
Store is only used in British English for department stores, like Macy's or Selfridges. Any other time, we would say shop. Some retailers may brand themselves as superstores, but they're still just shops. –  gpr Jan 24 '11 at 23:23

I'm presuming you're referring to these words used as nouns to mean a mercantile business of some sort. Historically, stores were businesses which kept inventory to be sold and shops where businesses where items were manufactured or repaired. Nowadays, shop and store are generally synonymous, but each has slightly more typical uses depending on what is being sold.

In my part of the world (Canada) you would generally refer to most commercial places of business as a store (grocery, convenience, clothes, book, furniture) while shops are reserved for repair, flowers, or gifts (gift shop is quite idiomatic.) Thus, you would typically hear bicycle shop, rather than store, because repairs are done there. It would not sound that strange to hear shop when referring to clothes, book or furniture stores, however.

Shoppe is an archaic spelling of shop and is used only in proper names of places wanting to sound quaint and old-fashioned. The Pop Shoppe and The Medicine Shoppe are a couple canadian examples.

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We make fun of stores with "Shoppe" in their name by pronouncing it as two syllables, with separate and highly-stressed p's. –  Marthaª Jan 24 '11 at 19:41
    
@Martha Alas, that's also how some people believe my last name should be pronounced… ;-) –  ghoppe Jan 24 '11 at 19:47

Shop is the simplest term.

Shoppe A fanciful spelling of shop, chiefly used in the names of businesses to give an air of old-fashionedness.

Store is generally used where things are stored ,

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A store usually 'stores' perishable items. Shoppe is a mediaeval term which is unlikely to have been in actual use when the shop was first opened, unless it is very old. Shops can sell anything, and I would say include a store.

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In American English:

Store - A place to purchase things.

Shop - I think primarily is used as a short form of 'workshop'. I don't hear it being used very often as a synonym of 'store', although it is a valid usage.

Shoppe - Used on stores to make them sound medieval.

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There are a few idiomatic cases where shop is more common when you might expect store, at least in my part of the world. Gift shop and flower shop come to mind. –  ghoppe Jan 24 '11 at 19:14

In England and Australia a shop is what North Americans refer to as a store. A shop is a place for conducting retail business.

As pointed out above, some retailers may brand their shop as a Megastore because the term store has become trendy in advertising but it is nevertheless still a shop.

Store only applies to a 'department store' (a shop with several departments) or a 'general store' in a village or small community which sells a variety of essentials.

Another international curiosity: I notice in the spread of English in German websites, they have online shops rather than stores.

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