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When are you getting the train back to Adelaide?

Is the phrase back to Adelaide an adjective phrase that modifies the train or adverbial to are getting?

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For the question "When are you driving your car back to Adelaide?", it's an adverbial phrase. Change the question to "When are you taking the train back to Adelaide?", and it can be analyzed either way. – Peter Shor Dec 30 '12 at 15:32

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

Back to Adelaide postmodifies the train, and is a ‘qualifier’. Qualifiers can be realised by a prepositional phrase, as in the example, or by a clause, as in ‘the train that goes back to Adelaide’.

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'Back to Adelaide' may or may not modify 'the train' here. It may be doing so (= the Adelaide train) or it may be a directional adverbial ( 'When are you getting the train [rather than your usual plane] back to Adelaide?'). – Edwin Ashworth Oct 28 at 10:15

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