I'm hoping to find out the history of how "to lie" as in say something dishonest and "to lie" as in rest horizontally end up being spelled the same way.
To lie (lie, lied, lied): a false statement made with deliberate intent to deceive; an intentional untruth; a falsehood.
To lie (lie, lay, lain): to be in a horizontal, recumbent, or prostrate position, as on a bed or the ground; recline.
I looked it up on etymonline, but they didn't provide much insight into that question. It says one is from early 12c and the other late 12c. I'm not well versed in latin, so besides being able to tell that the roots are different in spelling, I couldn't make much from just looking at the roots, either.
If there's such a significant time gap, does that mean one decided to intentionally let the spelling clash? Or was the person coming up with the word unaware of the other? What happened back then?
Unless there's some clear reason (i.e. there's a meaningful connection between the two that I'm not seeing) why would one want the spelling to clash? I'm, of course, assuming nobody would intentionally want the spelling to clash. It would seem like they are way too common of words to end up clashing coincidentally. (At least from a 21c perspective, but may be they weren't back in 12c)
Does anyone have insight into what is the history behind their spelling clash? Or can you tell by looking at the latin roots, something that's non-obvious to me?