Is there a plural for e.g., the abbreviation of exempli gratia? Or is it regular to use it before multiple examples? I know that some abbreviations double up in their letters in the plural, but I haven't found anything enlightening yet.
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Gratia is the head of the phrase and was originally an ablative singular, as in "for the sake of example". The genitive exempli speaks for itself. Gratia is commonly said to have developed into a postposition. I do not think you need a plural when describing several examples, because this is about "example" as a concept, not as a concrete entity. I would probably just write exempli gratia with any number of examples. In the form e.g., the singular is even less visible, so I would certainly use that with several examples. Note that, whatever you do, you should not pluralise gratia in this expression, because it is a fixed postposition.
Unless the rest of your text is in Latin, please do not use exemplī grātiā (“for the sake of the/an example”, “for the/an example’s sake”) at all. Just use for example in English.
As far as I know, nobody never writes it in the plural: exemplōrum grātiā (“for the sake of the examples”) or exemplōrum grātiīs (“for the sakes of the examples”).
Correction: this did, but as you see, the rest of it is already in Latin.
If you are writing English, use for example.