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What does under mean here, how do you define it?

From a biography:

Shum graduated from Arroyo Grande High School in 2000. He started dancing with his high school dance company team and continued his career in San Francisco under several different studios.

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closed as general reference by MετάEd, Zairja, Mitch, Monica Cellio, Daniel Nov 1 '12 at 18:06

This question is too basic; it can be definitively and permanently answered by a single link to a standard internet reference source designed specifically to find that type of information.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

up vote 4 down vote accepted

"Under the tutelage of"; "being taught by"; or possibly "as part of the professional company associated with". For another example, you could say that a novice artist studies under (i.e., is taught by) a master artist.

"Shum studied under such-and-such studio" (as opposed to such-and-such teacher) doesn't seem quite right to me, but the meaning is clear enough.

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The ordinary English idioms are:

  • One studies under a master artist or craftsman; it’s a metaphor drawn from the old guild system in arts and scholarship, where an apprentice or student put himself under the master’s discipline.

  • One studies in or at the studio which the master directs.

COCA gives no examples of studying under a studio. Google yields 105 instances of under the studio of, mostly referring to artists artists and productions “under” a film, recording or animation studio. Eliminating duplicates leaves 21 unique uses. Of these:

  • Four occur in student biographies of pre-20th-century painters
  • One occurs in the biography of a floristry instructor
  • One occurs in the resume of a high-school dancer
  • One occurs in the self-written biography of a Russian jazz musician
  • 14 occur in program-style biographies of musicians, all of East Asian origin.

I have no hesitation in pronouncing “under the studio of” a mistake by persons unfamiliar with the accepted idiom.

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Per the OED:

III. In senses implying that one thing is covered by, or included in, another.

18. With words denoting protection, care, or benevolent interest. See also auspice3, protection1b.

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