Part of the difficulty is what we mean by synonym. When we use reference works to search for synonyms, we are usually presented with a variety of choices. The Collins Thesaurus (found here) lists the following synonyms for the word pistol
- piece (U.S. & Canad. informal)
- side arm
Not all pistols are revolvers. Not all pistols are automatics. Revolvers are not automatics.
Very often a term that is either a subset or a superset of another term is considered a synonym in many contexts. One could argue that such offerings are not true synonyms, but in practice we may not make that distinction.
The very fact that we seek synonyms to words indicates that there are subtle differences between the word we know and the word we seek. If not, we would always use the original (except perhaps to avoid boredom or for euphony).
For beauty, the following are listed
attractiveness, appeal, charm, grace, bloom, glamour, fairness, elegance, symmetry (formal or literary), allure, loveliness, prettiness, seductiveness, gorgeousness, pleasantness, handsomeness, pulchritude, winsomeness, comeliness, exquisiteness, seemliness, pleasingness, prepossessingness
Some of these terms do seem to be true synonyms, but create different impressions or may be used in different contexts. Words that are listed as synonyms often have connotations that better suit a given context. While their denotation may be roughly equivalent or even identical, their shades of meaning are not.