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Possible Duplicate:
Are there any simple rules for article usage (“a” vs “the” vs none)
‘… the weather’ vs. ‘… weather’
“Bad weather doesn't exist” vs. “The bad weather doesn't exist”

I've been learning English for over 10 years now and still don't understand the rules for using articles in phrases like:

  • What weather!
  • What a pity!

Why does one have an article and the other one doesn't. In both phrases we are dealing with abstract, uncountable nouns.

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marked as duplicate by Mark Beadles, RegDwigнt Oct 25 '12 at 9:53

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

    
Very good question. I'll lay odds that your native language is one without articles :) They are notoriously hard to pin down. I have the opposite problem with my Polish, adding demonstratives where I would put articles. –  Mark Beadles Oct 25 '12 at 1:40

2 Answers 2

Look closer at the dictionary. Here's a screen shot from NOAD:

enter image description here

In your second sentence – what a pity! – the word pity is being used in the sense of Meaning #2; hence, an article is used.

I don't know if this would answer your question under all circumstances, but, in this instance, the root cause of the confusion is one word having multiple meanings, and different grammatical rules for how the word is used in each of those senses.

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And contrariwise you have to really reach to come up with a context in which "a weather" would be appropriate. (Aside, it appears, from an Oregon indie band named "A Weather"). –  StoneyB Oct 25 '12 at 1:59

The use articles in exclamative utterances is no different from the use of articles elsewhere. A occurs before pity, because pity, as J.R.’s reference shows, is used here as a countable noun. Weather is almost always uncountable, and so cannot be preceded by the indefinite article.

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