I found the term "run’n’gun" in an article about video games. What does it mean in that context?
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closed as off-topic by Mr. Shiny and New 安宇, Hellion, Nathaniel, Jim, ermanen Dec 16 '15 at 3:32
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Exactly what the name implies, the opposite of sniping, sneaking or camping. Shooting while running — remaining in motion to be a harder target, confusing opponents by brash (suicidal?) tactic, spraying bullets while in motion.
Many games introduce accuracy penalties (on top of naturally increased difficulty) for this tactic, encouraging stopping, aiming precisely and using terrain for cover, while in others it's essential, as immobile targets become overly easy to hit. This is frequently where "dynamism" of a gameplay comes from — classic Quake 3 Arena would have you killed within seconds if you stop, while in Stalker: Shadow of Chernobyl "run and gun" is bound to get you killed as you run into a hard-to-see anomaly or get swarmed by enemies, while sniping, stealth and careful dodging is the way.
An official use would be in Fallout: New Vegas perk:
You should also note a specific, related term kiting, denoting running backwards while shooting a chasing opponent (who is only equipped with a melee or short range weapon). It's a common necessity in many games and requires a good knowledge of the layout of the game, as you don't see where you're going.
This may seem tangential to the focus of the question, which is on the meaning of "run'n'gun" in the context of video games, but I want to point out that the term "run-and-gun" originated years before video games, in the context of basketball.
A team that used a fast-break offense to score points as quickly a possible—instead of a methodical half-court offense based on a "pass-first, shoot later" approach to the tempo of the game—had what was called a "run-and-gun offense." The term also implied that the team quickly launched a lot of long-distance shots if it failed to get a fast-break layup at the beginning of a particular possession of the basketball.
A Google Books search for "run and gun" turns up matches from as early as 1963–1964. From "Bears Stun Patton," in Midwest High School Cub Reporter (1963–1964), reprinted in Ecological Psychology: Concepts and Methods for Studying the Environment of Human Behavior (1968):
Robert Chapman & Barbara Kipfer, Dictionary of American Slang, third edition (1995) has this entry for run-and-gun:
It is very likely, I think, that the gamer use of "run'n'gun" was an appropriation of the standing term from basketball, taking advantage of its existing familiarity but adding a literalist twist to it.
Little late for this reply but I noticed no one included that a Run N' Gun is a real training/recreational event in which you carry your firearms/gear over distant areas with cover of varying stances and targets. Its the best training. Second only to live fire exercises (your fellow soldiers fire in preset locations/situations in a controlled setting but you can die accidently) and combat itself. Nutnfancys youtube channel covers Run N' Gun events.