Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I'm not sure if "hot" as "warm" or "heated" existed before "hot" came to mean "good-looking" or "attractive", but if so, how did this new meaning come to be?

share|improve this question
2  
It wasn't my downvote (I just now opened the question), but, when I hover over my downvote button, the tooltip reads, "This question does not show any research effort." Did you look up "hot" in a dictionary? Did you check etymolonline.com? Did you do a Google search? Where, in your single-sentence question (that begins with "I'm not sure if..."), is the evidence of your research effort? –  J.R. Sep 29 '12 at 22:56
    
@J.R. - I didn't really do much research when asking the question, so I guess the downvote is justified. Anyway, thanks for pointing that out. –  qegal Sep 30 '12 at 0:02
1  
Good question, never would have thought of it –  Daud Ahmad Sep 30 '12 at 4:41

3 Answers 3

up vote 27 down vote accepted

According to OED 1, hot in the primary sense is 'common teutonic'. In the general sense of 'having or showing intensity of feeling; fervent, ardent, passionate, enthusiastic, eager, keen, zealous' OED's earliest citation is dated to 971, and Chaucer uses hot of sexuality before 1385:

Hot he was, and lecherous as a sparrow

It's obvious that what gets you hot may be regarded as hot itself; and in this transferred sense we again find Chaucer writing of hot spices. It's at least arguable that it's in the sense of 'exciting lust' that the Prose Merlin (ca. 1450) has:

This Morgain was a yonge damesell fressh and Iolye. But she was som-what brown of visage and sangwein colour, and nother to fatte ne to lene, but was full a-pert [folio 181a] auenaunt and comely, streight and right plesaunt, and well syngynge. But she was the moste hotest woman of all Breteigne, and moste luxuriouse . . .

The exact meaning here is debatable; I suspect it means 'passionate' or 'lustful' rather than 'sexually attractive'; but I would be surprised to find that hot was never used for 'sexually attractive' before the 20th Century.

EDIT I'm going to withdraw that last as superfluous, since for a woman to be 'hot' in the sense of 'lustful' or 'willing to copulate' is in itself an attraction, and has been for centuries:

What a devil hast thou to do with the time of the day? Unless hours were cups of sack and minutes capons and clocks the tongues of bawds and dials the signs of leaping-houses and the blessed sun himself a fair hot wench in flame-coloured taffeta, I see no reason why thou shouldst be so superfluous to demand the time of the day. - 1HIV,1,2

share|improve this answer
1  
Also, 'hot' has this same meaning in other languages, such as Spanish. Many inexperienced speakers will say 'estoy caliente' (I am sexually aroused), as opposed to the intended phrase 'tengo calor' (ie, I have heat). –  Wayne Hartman Sep 30 '12 at 5:05
    
As much as this is good research, I dont' feel it answers the question of why "hot" is associated with lustfulness or passionate expression. –  New Alexandria Sep 30 '12 at 6:41
1  
@NewAlexandria The metaphor is over a thousand years old in English, not just for sexual passion, but any strong emotion: anger (even more frequent), religious zeal (the earliest citation is the 'hot love of God'), greed, ambition, and so forth. It runs sideways, too:'steam', 'boil', 'torrid'. I daresay the metaphor is physiological at bottom--excitement gets you hot, you flush, you sweat--but once it's in place it doesn't need explanation. –  StoneyB Sep 30 '12 at 14:44
    
@StoneyB if that were true then the question would need no asking. –  New Alexandria Sep 30 '12 at 14:48
    
@NewAlexandria You said it! The metaphor seems pretty obvious to me; it's not just English, but Latin and Greek, too and probably lots more languages. But OP asked ("how", not "why"), and I gave him what I could find. –  StoneyB Sep 30 '12 at 17:09

The term "hot" has been so-long intertwined with sexuality that it practically predates writing. Despite the fine scholarship that has responded so far, I think we must look to the roots of the connection between "hot" and sexuality:

  1. Carnal passion is an activity that raises the metabolic rate of each body, thus generating more heat. Even the anticipation of physical sex can raise the heat of one or more people — even those not involved in the 'chemistry' of the anticipated sexuality (e.g. proximal observers to a flirtatious encounter).

  2. The biological function of sexual attractiveness is procreation, which in the human female involves elevated body temperature needed to ovulate a mature/fertile egg cell for conception.

  3. Much later, religious ideology in the Christian institution would associate a 'self-interested and unrestrained devil' character with light/fire (thus: "Lucifer"), and also with an infernal and fiery state of life ("hell"). The conjunction of these mythos lead many to connect sexuality with fire.

share|improve this answer

From etymonline for hot, “The association of hot with sexuality dates back to c.1500.” Also, “Sense of "exciting, remarkable, very good" is 1895 ... Hot stuff for anything good or excellent is by 1889.” The etymonline entry isn't clear about the dates of “warm” or “heated” meanings, but those apparently predate the other. OED 1 cites for the word in various senses of heated materials, or in forms like “hottest”, date from 1000 AD, 1200, 1250, 1300 etc; but the vowel frequently was a rather than o into the 1500's.

Also see the etymonline entry for red-hot, which notes “Red-hot mama is 1926, jazz slang, "earthy female singer," also "girlfriend, lover."”

share|improve this answer
1  
Thanks. I want to wait a little bit for the question to get a little more attention (only 14 views so far) and more posts before I mark one as the answer, but I +1'd yours in the meantime. –  qegal Sep 29 '12 at 21:00

protected by tchrist Oct 1 '12 at 3:49

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality answers, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site.

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.