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from the news report

xx will likely have cut yy jobs by end of fiscal 2012, the company has said.

why use will have cut here? I think "will cut" will be ok.

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closed as general reference by Cameron, MετάEd, tchrist, StoneyB, Matt Эллен Sep 20 '12 at 9:12

This question is too basic; it can be definitively and permanently answered by a single link to a standard internet reference source designed specifically to find that type of information.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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Use of the perfect construction as well as will simply means that xx will likely be finished cutting yy jobs by the end of the year. It also leaves the impression that this is a minimum and there may be more cuts later, or possibly in the works now. Simple use of will, on the other hand, indicates only that xx plans to cut yy jobs by the end of the year. –  John Lawler Sep 10 '12 at 16:56

1 Answer 1

up vote 6 down vote accepted

Because some of those cuts might have already happened, or might be happening now.

As an example that's perhaps closer to home: if I write "I will have lost 2 stone by September 15th", I don't mean that I'm going to lose 2 stone in the next 5 days. I mean that, in 5 days, the sentence "I have lost 2 stone" will apply.

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I believe both this and the distinction made in John Lawler's comment are valid reasons for choosing one form over another in different contexts. –  FumbleFingers Sep 11 '12 at 0:14

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