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Identify the collective noun in the sentence: "Students have to take their entire school books home on the last day of school."

I couldn't find any credible sources stating that "school" is a collective noun or otherwise (although The Free Dictionary seems to say so).

So, in the given sentence, is "school" a collective noun? If not, what is?

EDIT: The sentence is from my grammar book, and not something I invented. Bad book I guess.

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closed as too localized by Cameron, Mahnax, MετάEd, tchrist, FumbleFingers Sep 2 '12 at 14:43

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The sentence you have quoted is not standard English: "Students have to take their entire school books home..." is very strange. Usually one would say something like "Students have to take all their school books home...", unless you mean something unusual like "Students have to take home any school books that remain in one piece". –  Mark Beadles Aug 29 '12 at 17:10
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I'm pretty sure "school" in this sentence is an adjective. If you are referring to the awkward use of "entire", it can only really be applied to "books". Obviously, it is normally implied that books are whole, and the sentence itself should be reworded, regardless of the use of "school". –  Dani Aug 29 '12 at 17:17
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school is a collective noun in the phrase school of fish. When talking about students, the two different etymologies (crowd/place of learning) may have merged to some extent, but not so far as to make me happy with "The school have required each student to take books home". –  Henry Aug 29 '12 at 17:18
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Agree with Mark from a UK perspective at least: "entire" doesn't tend to be used with a plural. –  Neil Coffey Aug 29 '12 at 18:32
    
Dani - it's obviously just an arbitrary analysis and there are some grey areas, but overall it probably makes more sense to say that "school" is still a noun (part of a N + N compound). For example, "the black books" > "the books are black", but not "the school books" > "*the books are school". –  Neil Coffey Aug 29 '12 at 18:35

3 Answers 3

up vote 5 down vote accepted

This seems to me to be a trick question. School can be a collective noun, but only referring to fish and so on. 'The school consisted of a thousand tuna' would be a sensible sentence, in which school is a collective noun; at a stretch, it could also be called a collective noun in 'If the culprit does not own up, the whole school will be in detention'. Perhaps the examiner hopes to catch people out with this, and intends the correct answer to be books or students. If so, he has misunderstood collective noun: it means specifically the word for a group. like herd or gang. So there is no collective noun in that sentence; maybe that's the trick.

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My workbook never has any trick questions, but this time, I'll take your word for that. –  its_me Aug 29 '12 at 18:43

If you look at this worksheet from helpingwithwriting.com, the phrase is

On the last day of school, the students have to take all their school books home.

or

Students have to take all their school books home on the last day of school.

and the desired collective noun is students.

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Except that's not a collective noun. It's a plural noun. –  Andrew Leach Aug 29 '12 at 18:07
    
@AndrewLeach So, are you saying that the worksheet Henry linked to is wrong too? –  its_me Aug 29 '12 at 18:47
    
@its_me: I think it's clear from many comments and answers here that most if not all native speakers think the "grammar book" you got your own example from is "wrong" (or at least presents phrasing that's highly questionable to native speakers). Neither Henry's nor your citations use what I'd call a "collective noun" anyway. But the plurality of "school" can "flexible" in certain contexts - in "The school elects a new head boy every October", for example, not everyone would be deeply unhappy with the plural verb form "elect". –  FumbleFingers Aug 29 '12 at 21:38
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I was not claiming the worksheet was correct; just that students was the answer it gave. I personally think that is not a collective noun there. –  Henry Aug 29 '12 at 23:06

The term school when used to refer to a group of individuals subscribing to an approach to art, such as the Hudson River School, is definitely a collective noun. It is not a single building or even a formal institution.

As noted in comments, school when refering to a group of animals is also collective.

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