In that context I'd use “...after another”, as it suggests a sequence of throws. By contrast, the “...after the other” form suggests (to me) exactly two throws, rather than some number from one to eight throws. A useful comparison of terms similar to consecutive in macmillandictionary says that “one after another” indicates little time between things, which I think is sometimes true but not always. For example, the “one after another” entry at dictionary.cambridge.org says “many, in a series” and makes no mention of rate.
The form “One X after another” refers to a series of X's; as in, eg, One Monster After Another, or in Arnold Toynbee's comment about “the dogma that History is just 'one damned thing after another....'”.