These two sentences are both valid
I write this sentence.
I do write this sentence.
Are these both valid?
I am writing this sentence.
I do be writing this sentence.
The rule of Do-Support applies to every main verb in English, except auxiliary verbs.
Do-Support is the process that provides the dummy auxiliary do to carry the tense and swap with the subject in Yes/No- and Wh-Questions
However, there are two important qualifications for this rule:
"I do be (something, something)....." is used regularly in everyday speech in South-East Ireland, where I grew up, but it is not regarded well, and a sign of being from a very specific type of rural, working class background. Its used in this context as a continuous present: "I do be always listening to that radio show on my way home from work"
What the second of the first pair is doing is adding emphasis. Because we normally use the auxiliary verb "do" in interrogative and negative sentences, not positive sentences.
However, "do" is used in a positive sentence to add emphasis.
If my guess is right and you're trying to duplicate the act of emphasizing in the second pair, then it should be done this way:
As you can see, there is no need to add another auxiliary verb in the second pair because the word "be" or "am" is already one.
It might turn out a whole lot to memorize, if to learn what verbs go together. You could be better off thinking patterns. You can give the patterns parameters, to have a good language economy. Imagine a map.
[parameter ON the map, generally] the Simple, plain verb _
[parameter IN an area of the map] the Progressive, pattern BE _ ING
[parameter TO a place on the map] the Perfect, pattern HAVE _ 3rd form
[parameter AT a place on the map] the Perfect Progressive, pattern HAVE BEEN _ 3rd
The verb to DO works ON the map. It is not an auxiliary for IN.
I hope this can help. :)
All except the last are grammatical, but the second would be found only infrequently. In some regional dialects the construction illustrated by I be writing this sentence is also found.