To say a man is close to a primate, what should I use, "primatic" or "primative"?
closed as general reference by Carlo_R., J.R., simchona♦, Kit Z. Fox♦, Mark Beadles Jul 31 '12 at 13:20
This question is too basic; it can be definitively and permanently answered by a single link to a standard internet reference source designed specifically to find that type of information. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.
Primate as an adjective is a “rare and obsolete” word meaning, per the OED:
You don’t want primate as an adjective, I’m sure you’ll agree.
However, you may use the noun primate attributively, in which case it has the normal sense:
And here are two of the attributive citations:
In “primate biology” and “primate conservation”, the word primate is not an adjective, because you do not need one; it is a noun used attributively in a noun–noun compound. That does not make it an adjective, but that’s perfectly fine.
The catarrhine apes do not include all primates; it excludes the lemurs and such.
The adjectival form for primate in that sense is primatal, per the OED. About primatial it says that it has two sense, the first being related to the princes of the church, and the second being:
Perhaps you would like to use the adjective primatal:
It is, however rare. I would use the attributive noun instead.
You really do not want to use either 'primatic' or 'primative' (as they are not recognized suffixed extensions of 'primate'). Also, 'primatial' mean something else (something specific to the Catholic church). And 'primatal' is just not used at all. 'Primitive' is a very good English word but means 'basic' and has nothing to do with apes.
Interestingly, the formal adjective form of the noun 'primate' is:
as in 'Primate mating behavior is much more varied than that of other mammals.'. But you cannot say 'That man is primate'.
The analogous literary to feline, canine, porcine is
as in 'The detective had simian features, a large brow, hair down his back...' or 'That man is simian.' .
Informally, there really is no appropriate cognate word, and the best way to say it would be
as in 'The ape-like man crushed the bottle with his bare hands.' or 'That man is ape-like.' .
If none of the previous suggestions work for you, consider the adjective catarrhine, "Describing the Catarrhini parvorder of primates (including humans) that have nostrils that are close together and directed frontward or downward". By the way, to "say a man is close to a primate" is to make a statement about one person. To speak of everyone, say something like "Humans are primates."