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Loudly is mentioned as Complement when it is actually an adverb or adjunct in the site, http://changingminds.org/techniques/language/syntax/clause_arrangement.htm . Is it right or wrong?

I have given the below based on my understanding. Is it correct?

The cat / scratched – S / V
The cat / scratched / the door – S / V / O
The cat / scratched / loudly – S / V / A
The cat / scratched / at six o'clock – S / V / A
The cat / gave / the door / a scratch – S / V / IO / DO
The cat / scratched / the door / loudly – S / V / O / A
The cat / scratched / the door / at six o'clock – S / V / O / A
The cat / scratched / the door / soft. – S / V / O / C
The cat / can scratch / in straight lines. – S / V / C

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1 Answer

Your answer is correct.

Complements can be either subject complements (in which case they follow a stative verb) or object complements (in which case they follow the direct object). A subject complement is required to complete the verb. In the example they give, it's a transitive verb and nothing is required to complete it. "The cat scratched" would be a complete sentence, so "loudly" is an adverb in "The cat scratched loudly".

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Also I am desperately trying to introduce a complement in the above context. But, i was told, The cat scratched the door soft is not correct usage in english. So how do I introduce a complement? Any 2 examples please? –  miracles Jul 24 '12 at 15:57
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I don't believe the verb "scratch" can take a complement; I can't think of a sentence in which it takes one, anyway. –  Peter Shor Jul 24 '12 at 17:43
    
How about these??? The cat's scratch / looked / superficial The cat / scratched / to be let in The cat's scratch / were / deep The cat's scratch / seems / permanent The cat's scratch / looked / like lines –  miracles Jul 24 '12 at 18:19
    
There isn't a complement in "the cat scratched to be let in." For the rest of them, the word "scratch" is a noun. –  Peter Shor Jul 25 '12 at 0:56
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