Is there a specific word for the destination of a pilgrimage? (That is, if you go on a pilgrimage to X, X is the _ of the pilgrimage.) I'm looking for a word that has the appropriate spiritual or devotional aspect, not a generic synonym for "destination" or "site" or what-have-you.
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Besides being the literal destination for many such pilgrimages, the word Mecca (sometimes mecca) is often used in this way – i.e., metaphorically.
As I said in my comment, finding the right word to fill in the blank is not easy.
In fact, I think the right word in this context is either destination or site. However, one makes a devotional pilgrimages to a shrine, which may provide the right word for a slightly different sentence.
Note: as in JR's answer, shrine can be used in a non-devotional sense too: "His daughter's bedroom was a shrine to Abba."
As disappointing as it may seem, the word most commonly used seems to be "end".
End can also refer to the breaking-off of the pilgrimage before it reaches its destination, or the process of arriving at the destination rather than the destination itself. You could also use goal, but that can also refer to the spiritual purpose of the pilgrimage and not the final destination. If you want an unambiguous term for the place the pilgrimage is headed, destination, as Andrew suggests in his answer, seems to be the right word. If there is an appropriate word for this with devotional connotations, it's not used much.