How do native speakers guess the pronunciation of a word that they've never seen before ? Is there a general rule for that ?
For example, someone said :
Words that end in -ic or -tion will be stressed on the second to last syllable. It doesn't matter how many syllables long a word is, we will count backward. Here are some examples with -ic and -tion. -ic: `classic, fan`tas-tic, e-co-`nom-ic, en-thu-si-`as-tic -tion: `nation, con`di-tion, in-tu-`i-tion, spec-i-fi-`ca-tion
I would like to know more other rules like the above one, not only how to stress the word properly but also the way to pronounce one word correctly (or nearly correct) without knowing the phonetic.
p/s : In short, my question is : "Is there a way to guess the pronunciation of a word correctly (or nearly correct) when we don't know it's phonetic code ?"