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Title pretty much askes the question. What is the term for words like 'bottle', 'cup' or 'clove' (as in clove of garlic). Are they counters, countables, determiners...? I swear it's on the tip of my tongue but I cannot find the correct term.

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Wouldn't those be "units"? – Marthaª Dec 7 '10 at 21:41
up vote 14 down vote accepted

What you are talking about is a measure word, more formally known as a numeral classifier.

(You could also use "counter".)

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