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What do we call a person who always tries to judge their own actions in a positive way, or convince themselves that what they do is always right?

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The norm? Average? or if this is despite much evidence to the contrary, sociopathic? –  Mitch Mar 17 '12 at 20:13
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We call him Happy. –  Matt Эллен Mar 18 '12 at 0:28
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5 Answers

up vote 2 down vote accepted

Words like egotistic or egotistical ("Believing oneself to be better and more important than others") may apply, as may egocentric ("regarding oneself and one's own opinions or interests as most important or valid") or narcissistic (as used in phrase narcissistic personality disorder). More generally, terms like realistic or unrealistic may apply, depending on whether subject's opinion is correct or mistaken. In some cases, one might call the person a Pollyanna ("person who is persistently cheerful and optimistic, even when given cause not to be so") or Panglossian ("having the view that this is the best of all possible worlds").

Regarding positive or negative connotations of these and other words, among the set of near-synonyms aloof, arrogant, blustery, boastful, bombastic, cocky, conceited, egotistical, flaunting, grandiose, haughty, insolent, narcissistic, ostentatious, pompous, pretentious, self-important, supercilious, uppity, vainglorious, vain, big-headed, high-and-mighty, show-offy, snobbish, snotty, snooty, stuck up, nose in the clouds, holier-than-thou, in my estimation all carry some negative baggage, and those with the least-negative senses include arrogant, egotistical, flaunting, and supercilious; and of those four, only egotistical is adequately close to the meaning requested in question. Note that self-righteous is a rather more negative label than egotistical. Realistic, if you can apply that label, is positive or neutral, and unrealistic is negative or neutral.

I have said terms arrogant, egotistical, flaunting, and supercilious are less negative than others, partly as a consequence of how similar terms are used in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, as for example the lengthy discussion of pride in Book IV part 3. However, the slightly-technical usage there is uncommon, so only a weak basis for comparison.

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but ego is negative word. isn't it? I need positive one –  diEcho Mar 17 '12 at 20:26
    
Ego as a word isn't negative. See recent edit. –  jwpat7 Mar 17 '12 at 21:13
    
@diEcho: As you can see, most of us assumed you were looking for a negative word. Maybe we misread your intent entirely, assuming you were looking for a word describing someone who deluded themselves into thinking they were in the right. If you are looking for a word that describes someone whose motives are pure and noble, then I'd start with altruistic, and consult a thesaurus. –  J.R. Mar 17 '12 at 23:31
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If I understand your question correctly, I think you're looking for the term self-righteous. From an on-line dictionary:

self-righteous ▸ adjective: showing that you are too proud of your own moral behavior or beliefs, especially in a way that annoys other people

Synonyms include smug, priggish, and sanctimonious. Sometimes, the idiom holier-than-thou is used.

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Yes Sir, thanks a lot. –  diEcho Mar 17 '12 at 20:00
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How about complacent. From Oxford Dictionary.

Complacent: showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements: you can't afford to be complacent about security.

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I would rather call such a person a bigot: a prejudiced person who is intolerant to opinions other than his own.

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Bigot has a very negative connotation, as it implies racial and even religious prejudice. –  Feral Oink Mar 18 '12 at 20:28
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We normally refer to what such a person does as self-justification, and because we normally don't agree with his position, we tend to associate the term with making excuses for wrong behaviour, rather than judging oneself positively.

Nevertheless, I think he can be called a self-justifier - one who excuses or justifies himself.

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