I am looking for a word to describe the above. The context is where, after the Irish famine in the 1840's, entire villages were abandoned and the land was re-distributed to new tenants. This happened on a mass scale, and I was wondering if there was a term for such a replacement of population with the suitable conotations.
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The most common word is resettlement
But note that word normally focusses on the people who are moving in. If the focus is on the area becoming occupied with new people, go for repopulation
If you are focusing on the transfer of ownership that you mention in the title of this post, why not just use land redistribution or redistribution of land (which you allude to in your question)? This focuses more on the ownership of the land than on the people, but that's what was asked. If you wish you could put a descriptor with it, such as unfair land redistribution, discriminatory land redistribution, hasty land redistribution, or whatever.