Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.
  • It is expected of/from you to find the solution.

  • Such rude behavior was not expected of/from you.

I am quite sure that from is the correct usage in both cases, but of could be used in the first one. Can somebody corroborate?

share|improve this question
1  
They're both valid, but "of" is far more common. Your first sentence is a bit stilted anyway - better would be "It is expected that you find the solution". –  FumbleFingers Mar 13 '12 at 4:18
add comment

2 Answers

I would typically use "from" when referring to something I expect to receive from someone. Such as "a performance report is expected from everyone". Whereas when I'm referring to behavioral things that aren't "given" to anyone but "done" or "maintained", I would use "of". E.g. "attention to detail is expected of you."

However, I don't have any particular sources to corroborate that this IS indeed the rule. It just sounds more correct semantically to me.

share|improve this answer
    
Yes, rhetoric is, indeed, the only thing that needs rule. Expected of implies a movement of after-the-fact anticipation in the direction from the subject to the object of expectation Expected from implies movement from the object to the subject of expectation. I expect of you will have done as anticipated you should. I expect from you that the payment you promised will arrive in my hand from yours. Expected of operates as an abstract expression; expected from as a concrete expression. –  lex Nov 23 '12 at 16:48
add comment

When you want to express the person who you expected would do something (as in the first example, and possibly the second too), one would normally use of. I would be inclined to say from is unidiomatic in your first sentence, especially because it is expected of you means "you are supposed/obliged to" here; where expected has this strong idiomatic sense of obligation, the agent should definitely have of:

It is expected of you to find the solution.

When it is not the person who you expect will do something, i.e. if the person has a different connection to the verb (like the indirect object below), you should not use of, but the appropriate preposition, as you no doubt know:

Such applause was not expected for our opponent.

If you use of here, it means that you did not expect our opponent to applaud like this. He becomes the agent:

Such applause was not expected of our opponent.


In your second example, the situation is less clear.

Such rude behavior was not expected of you.

The above is possible; it suggests to me that you were not supposed to exhibit such rude behaviour. But from is possible too, with a slightly different meaning:

Such rude behavior was not expected from you.

This means to me that we were surprised to see this behaviour from you. It does not suggest "you were not supposed to" in itself; but the context adds this sense of obligation at any rate (one is always supposed not to exhibit rude behaviour).

share|improve this answer
    
+1 good distinction. I might change "supposed to" to "obligated to" in your last paragraph. –  Jim Mar 13 '12 at 4:56
    
@Jim: Thanks! Hmmm I deliberately mixed "supposed" and "obliged" to keep the meaning of expected in this sense a bit vague, which it is. Or do you think this is unclear? I am in doubt. –  Cerberus Mar 13 '12 at 5:45
    
Per my comment, I think expected of [pronoun] to sounds stilted. As this NGram shows, we mostly use other forms, normally involving "that he [should]". –  FumbleFingers Mar 13 '12 at 14:13
    
But +1 for the duty/anticipation distinction, which is the primary issue here from OP's point of view. –  FumbleFingers Mar 13 '12 at 14:15
1  
Agreed - in the end, I think expected of [pronoun] to constructions fall into the same general class as think {pronoun} to be. Plus there's your outstanding answer re supposed to, which taken all together indicates OP is skating over some very thin ice with this question! –  FumbleFingers Mar 13 '12 at 14:56
show 1 more comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.