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Can we use "Abandoned" as an antonym of "Abstemious" (adj)?

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Notwithstanding the answers below, I don't think this is a common usage for "abandoned". –  Steve Melnikoff Nov 30 '10 at 15:33
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2 Answers

up vote 6 down vote accepted

It took me a while to wrap my brain around your question, but I think I've got it now, and the answer is "yes, but".

abandoned: 1. wholly free from restraint 2. given up; forsaken

abstemious: marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol

So, if you're using abandoned in the "wholly free from restraint" sense, then yes, it seems like a perfect antonym for abstemious. The but comes from the fact that most people would probably interpret abandoned as the past tense of abandon, in which sense it has nothing to do with restraint or lack thereof. Without sufficient context, using it as an antonym for "abstemious" could lead to much head-scratching.

A much better antonym for abstemious is gluttonous.

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A much better antonym for abstemious is gluttonous or simply may be 'wild' or 'unreserved'! –  Quixotic Nov 30 '10 at 15:42
    
'glutton' is referred to a person who loves food, so I guess 'gluttonous' is more accurate. –  Quixotic Nov 30 '10 at 15:44
    
+1 for precision –  Robusto Nov 30 '10 at 16:08
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Yep!

Abstemious means moderate in appetite, restrained, characterized by abstinence, etc. Abandoned can mean unrestrained and uncontrolled. These are pretty opposite from each other.

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