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I have to translate "data backend" to Russian and Hebrew without using borrowed words. I'll appreciate if someone describes what "data backend" means so I could find proper words in my language.

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closed as off topic by Mahnax, Robusto, simchona, FumbleFingers, Mitch Feb 20 '12 at 22:33

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Data backend is a little vague. If you are referring to a web site or other user-accessible system, the programming and datasets/databases (etc.) combined with the hardware on which it runs is usually considered as comprising the 'backend'.

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The database hardware and software is backend, but the webpage programming is frontend. – jwpat7 Feb 20 '12 at 19:17
@jwpat7 arguably there can be several layers of programming to a site these days; Google (for example) employs considerable preprocessing to a dataset before it ever becomes available to their frontend webservers, although they are a slightly special case. Another example would be Amazon; their Recommendation Engine makes sense of their humongous relational databases before their frontend code formats it into static content. I imagine the frequency of processing differs with the layers too. Third example: EC2-hosted content, where an intermediary, invisible layer of programming is required. – Christopher Woods Feb 21 '12 at 20:50
I certainly agree that multiple layers of service complicate category-naming. I merely meant to point out that webpage programs (say in javascript) usually are not backend, vs. pointing to them as frontend. It's unfortunate the question got closed. – jwpat7 Feb 21 '12 at 21:59

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