The common expression by all means seems to advocate the use of all means possible in order to accomplish a certain object, when in fact it expresses the use of any means to do it. I realize that all can mean any when used with a negative phrase, such as beyond all hope. Because, of course, if one is beyond any hope, he is also beyond all hope (and vice versa). But in a positive context, such as with by all means, it doesn't necessarily follow that when one uses any means to accomplish a task, that he uses all possible means. Why is all used to mean any in this expression?
- Anybody can ask a question
- Anybody can answer
- The best answers are voted up and rise to the top
To my ear, any means exhorts any one particular method, whereas all means implores the use of all and sundry methods.
I think of it as being a shortened version of "by all means possible or necessary". The "possible" is implied in the phrase; it is a common and quite old phrase as well.
Here is an excerpt from an article by Ted Nesbitt - 11/10/2006, on Allexperts.com:
Consider these two sentences employing the same structure:
'This machine can be operated by all people.' - thus - 'This task can be completed by all people.'
Here, we mean that any individual would be capable of completing the task.
Does the same not carry then for,
'by all means'
That said, however, it is my understanding that 'by all means' and 'by any means' have different meanings:
'by all means' - a response to a request; 'of course'
'by any means' - to indicate that you will try everything to achieve your goal (aside: here, also note that 'everything' means 'every single thing until one works', not 'all things at once') .
protected by tchrist Mar 1 '15 at 18:48
Thank you for your interest in this question.
Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).
Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?