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What is the opposite of free as in "free of charge" (when we speak about prices)?

We can add not for negation, but I am looking for a single word.

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Both free and charge have multiple meanings and the phrase free of charge can have completely different implications depending on context! :) –  Kris Feb 2 '12 at 9:16
    
Related: “Pay-for” vs. “for-pay” –  RegDwigнt Nov 29 '12 at 18:47

10 Answers 10

up vote 4 down vote accepted

A person, animal or thing that is not free could be any of the following:

bound/bonded, grounded, restricted, captive, enslaved, shackled, reserved, occupied, busy

Examples:

  • Are you free? No, I'm busy.
  • Is this seat free? No, it is reserved.
  • My people are still enslaved. We want to be free.
  • Some are free, but some are still captive.
  • I don't know when I'll be free to visit. I'm grounded indefinitely.
  • Our Southern brothers are free to do what they want, while we Northerners are bound by archaic and stifling conventions.

I just reread your question and realized I wasted my time writing all these answers, since you are only interested in the commercial case. Anything that is not free is simply not free or for sale. If you want no more than a single word, however, a few options are:

billable and chargeable

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Paid

Paid would be my choice. There are free services and paid services. (The latter are services that are "paid for".)

You need to check if it suits your context, though. You have not mentioned the sentence where you would like to use it.

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In the software industry, sometimes one sees "Premium" as an antonym for "free of charge". –  TecBrat Aug 2 '13 at 2:37

How about chargeable -- ie, you must pay if you want it.

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Ionized, that is having been dissociated into electrically charged atoms or molecules, is a suitable antonym for free of charge.

If you are seeking price-related antonyms, try expensive, pricy, costly.

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Probably the closest is a two-word compound, for sale.

  • That's not free -- that's for sale.

It would presuppose a commercial context, though, like free.

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1  
Not everything that is not free is for sale :) –  Jimi Oke Feb 2 '12 at 5:49
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In a commercial context it is. To say something is not free is to presuppose some commercial transaction, since free is a suppletive term for the nonexistant *costless. –  John Lawler Feb 2 '12 at 6:16
    
@JohnLawler - Unless of course something is deemed priceless (not for sale nor free, but unavailable). –  Bryan Downing Apr 12 '12 at 1:29
    
The difference between free and priceless is discussed on the next-to-last page of the paper. I'll see if I can't find a searchable version somewhere. Sorry. –  John Lawler Apr 22 '12 at 14:58

Its depends upon the usage, If as a Adjective, you can use the following,

imprisoned
restricted
inhibited
conventional
working
expensive

If as a Verb, you can use the following,

imprison
hamper
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The answers given thus far are great contributions since they raise the various ways that 'free' might be used and different antonyms for different situations.

I don't know that we've come up with a precise answer to the question. An example sentence would be really useful to show what you want the opposite of. Any word that can be used and interpreted in so many ways as free needs contextual background if we are to understand what you're asking for.

If I assume that you want to say the opposite of e.g. 'The popcorn is free of charge when you purchase a ticket', the opposite would be e.g. 'The popcorn comes at a cost', 'The popcorn isn't free', 'The popcorn cost $10', 'You have to pay for the popcorn' or, simply, 'The popcorn isn't free'. The statement, 'You can take your baby on the flight free of charge' would be in opposition to 'You have to pay to take your baby on a plane' or 'It's not free', or informally, 'You gotta pay for it'. To say something is not included (if, for example, popcorn weren't free of charge, even with ticket) one could say 'The popcorn is not included in the ticket price'.

I'm sorry that I haven't given you one particular word as you requested but I have given some examples by which you can effectively (and nicely) state that something is not free of charge without having to use a statement like 'The product is not free of charge'. There is nothing wrong with changing your choice of words slightly to convey the same sentiment. If we become too fixated on using a particular phrase it can detract from what we finally say. So rather than searching to find a perfect antonym, make use of all the other beautiful words we have which will get your point across.

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Perhaps surprisingly, there isn't a common, general-purpose word in English to mean "that you have to pay for", "that incurs a fee".

Some options that are used depending on the circumstances:

  • A few compounds exist with pay. For example, a payphone is a public telephone that you pay to use. A pay channel is a TV channel that you pay for.
  • If the payment is recurring, then it is common to use a compound with subscription: subscription service, subscription channel.
  • Similarly, other words are sometimes used to indicate the means by which you pay: metered access, pay-and-display car park. At a wedding etc, a bar where you have to pay for your drinks is sometimes called a cash bar (even though you can probably pay by credit card). A premium service or product is one that you pay a more-than-average amount for in return for some "extra" facility, quality etc.
  • Other options include chargeable as another poster mentioned, but this is generally used to refer to a service.
  • Various compounds can be formed such as charge-based, payment-based, subscription-based, fee-based etc, again pertaining mainly to a service.

Otherwise, it is common to use a phrase such as "admission charge applies", "subject to payment" etc.

If you're referring to a product, it's probably more common simply to use a phrase such as "which must be paid for".

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In terms of price, cost is the opposite of free.

In terms of freedom, enslaved is the opposite of free.

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1  
This is not correct. "The books are cost" doesn't make sense. –  American Luke Nov 29 '12 at 18:25

Agree with Jimi that the most appropriate antonym for "free of charge" is "for sale." But, "purchased" or "priced" could work as the opposite of "free of charge." This book is free of charge. This book is priced. That dessert was free of charge. That dessert was purchased.

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