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According to the Longman dictionay I use, you ought to say "in the fields", but I'm pretty sure I've come across "on the fields" before. Is it possible to use it? And if so, does it imply a change in meaning?

I'm adding some sentences for example as requested:
- Someone works in/on the fields.
- Someone is in/on the fields.

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Both phrases are used; which one to choose depends on context. Please add more context to your question, for example by writing some complete sentences containing the phrases in question. – jwpat7 Jan 6 '12 at 20:02
up vote 7 down vote accepted

Both are certainly possible. Typically in the fields is used to indicate something akin to within the borders of the fields. However, on the fields usually is trying to indicate something closer to on top of the fields.

For example, you might say a farmer is

driving in the fields

spreading fertilizer on the fields

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