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I suppose that I could probably summarize that to "Is foodstuff a mass or count noun?" but I wasn't entirely certain if that would get me the wrong answer. I've always used "foodstuffs" when referring to actual components for recipes, but I could see an argument only using the singular since, after all, it's a noun which covers all of the components at once. I thought of submitting it to "The Word Detective" but it seems like more of a case of usage.

Dictionaries seem to indicate it in the singular without noting pluralization, but there are also many example sentences which use "foodstuffs" such as the Tarzan quotes I found here: "The she was for Tarzan--all that he desired was to bury his snout in the foodstuffs of the Tarmangani." and "They appeared to be raiding parties, for they drove goats and cows along with them and there were native porters laden with grain and other foodstuffs."

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Foodstuff is not a mass noun, and OP's concept of the plural referring to the ingedients for a recipe is idiosyncratic, to say the least. You could reasonably say "Pitta bread is a common foodstuff in the the Middle East", but usually it's applied to more "basic" animal/plant raw materials that provide nutrition (grain, beans, dried fish, whatever). –  FumbleFingers Jan 5 '12 at 22:36
    
"Dictionaries seem to indicate it in the singular without noting pluralization, ..." contra: @Gnawme below. –  Kris Jan 6 '12 at 9:13
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Various dictionaries (OxfordDictionaries, Merriam-Webster) don't specifically list foodstuffs as the plural of foodstuff, but then proceed to give examples using foodstuffs!

Take this entry from M-W Unabridged:

foodstuff, noun : a substance with food value: as a : the raw material of food before or after processing {a bountiful crop of cereal foodstuffs} b : an element of nutrition (as protein, carbohydrate, vitamin) {the sponge obtains its necessary foodstuffs from the plankton}

They're both valid -- foodstuff in the singular, foodstuffs in the plural.

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"Various dictionaries ... don't specifically list ..." implies some of them do? –  Kris Jan 6 '12 at 9:11
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@Kris Of the online dictionaries to which I have access, Wiktionary does, but I'm not sure I consider it authoritative. –  Gnawme Jan 6 '12 at 17:54
    
Thank you, Gnawme. That was very helpful. I suspected something like that might be the case, but I'm also well aware that I have certain idiosyncrasies when it comes to pluralizing words. For example, a tendency towards adding an 's' to "toward". –  Sean Duggan Jan 6 '12 at 18:00
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