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What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? I tried looking this in dictionary but can not identify the difference. It would be great if I could get an example and formula of what makes a phrase and a clause.

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up vote 6 down vote accepted

The short answer: clauses contain a subject and its verb, while phrases do not. Note that phrases may contain nouns and verbals, but won't have the noun as the verb's actor.

The long answer: see this page from the University of Chicago which has several examples.

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This is what I learned at school. However, Wikipedia says, “In ‘Eating this cake is easy,’ ‘eating this cake,’ although traditionally known as a phrase, is referred to as a non-finite clause in modern linguistics.” Note that “eating this cake” does not contain a subject. I am not sure if Wikipedia is correct about this or not. –  Tsuyoshi Ito Nov 22 '10 at 15:03
    
IN other words a clause may be a sentence while a phrase is not? –  jpartogi Nov 22 '10 at 22:58
    
@jpartogi - that's accurate yes. A clause may or may not be a sentence (depending on if it is a dependent or independent clause), while a phrase can not be. –  Dusty Nov 22 '10 at 23:21
    
Thanks @Dusty. That makes it easier to understand now. Cheers. –  jpartogi Nov 22 '10 at 23:26
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