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Why do we call cinema The Seventh Art? Why not sixth or fifth?

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up vote 16 down vote accepted

Hegel first classified five arts in Lectures on Aesthetics:

  1. Architecture
  2. Sculpture
  3. Painting
  4. Music
  5. Poetry

In 1911, Ricciotto Canudo wrote The Birth of the Sixth Art arguing that Cinema was #6; later he redefined dance as #6, making cinema the seventh art.

The term is much more common in French than in English today.

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