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My mother used to correct me all the time when I was younger when I would talk about bringing a toy to a friend’s house instead of taking it there.

Which is correct, and why?

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marked as duplicate by tchrist, FumbleFingers Aug 10 at 17:16

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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Related (dupe?): Bring vs Take in American English –  RegDwigнt Nov 19 '10 at 11:51
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Your mother was pursuing the perfectly normal parental prerogative of trying to replace the language that you were happily using with your friends by a different one (which we might call "parents' English") in which "bring" had a more restrictive meaning. –  Colin Fine Nov 19 '10 at 15:21
    
@RegDwight: I agree, including the question mark. The other question is clearly focused on the distinction between American & British usage, but the answers don't all keep the distinction. –  Marthaª Nov 22 '10 at 22:02
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I am an Englishman who has worked in New York for eighteen years and the usage of 'bring' versus 'take' still grates on my ears. Simply put "I will take a bottle to my mother's house but I will bring it back with me if she has no use for it." or "I will take a towel to the beach but I will bring it back home with me." Recently on a trip back to the UK, I noticed the pervasive incorrect use of bring within the English conversation. It just goes to show where cross-pollination leads to. Oh well, English is defined as a living language. –  user54313 Oct 17 '13 at 6:01

8 Answers 8

up vote 7 down vote accepted

Your mother is right.

It boils down to knowing the definitions of the words. The definition of bring from dictionary.com is:

to carry, convey, conduct, or cause (someone or something) to come with, to, or toward the speaker: Bring the suitcase to my house. He brought his brother to my office.

Bringing with involves coming to.

Taking with involves going away from.

When you were talking to your mother, your were going away from her. That is why it was correct to say that you were taking something with you.

If your were talking with your friend over the phone, it would be correct to use bringing, because you were going toward him.


Bringing or taking is relative to the (future, present, or past) presence or absence of a person at the destination to which something shall be, is, or has been brought or taken. This person is not the bringer/taker.

It could be a person to whom the bringer/taker tells what bringing or taking he/she shall do, is doing, or did.

It could also be a person who tells to a third person what bringing or taking the bringer/taker shall do, is doing, or has done.

If the person shall be, is, or was present at the destination while the bringer/taker shall be, is, or was on his/her way, bring is the appropriate word.

If the person shall be, is, or was absent from the destination while the bringer/taker shall be, is, or was on his/her way, take is the appropriate word

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Unfortunately, that dictionary definition is wrong, or rather, incomplete. It excludes the perfectly normal uses in "Let's have a party at Joe's place tonight. I'll bring the wine, you bring the food". "Bring" is normal, and "take" would be odd. The point is that it is carrying something towards where the speaker expects to be at the relevant time. –  Colin Fine Nov 19 '10 at 15:17
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@Colin - 'Take' is not odd at all. 'I'll take the wine. you take some food'. Makes perfect sense. It depends of the perspective of the conversation. Regardless of tense, if you are discussing what will happen in relation to where you are now, Take is used. If you are discussing in relation to your destination, Bring is used. There reality is that that perspective is not always apparent so either/both could be correct. –  CJM Nov 23 '10 at 11:42

This is simply a matter of direction. You would bring towards but take away.

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One possible answer is that you "bring" things to the place you are now, and "take" things to the place to which you're going.

So you "take" the toy to your friend's house, but once you're there you can be said to have "brought" the toy along with you. It's pretty subtle though, I don't think it's an especially crucial difference!

ETA: I've just thought of a good example. Suppose you are in a room with your toy. Your mother could tell you "take it over there!" and then "bring it back over here!"... but the other way round would sound pretty odd.

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It's all a matter of perspective. It boils down to what's in the speaker's head (i.e., his perspective). For example, if my focus is on myself, I might say "I'll bring the beer with me." However, if our focus is on the party and its location, I might say, "Are you going to take beer?" I bring something along with me, but I take something to the destination.

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But I might also say "Who's bringing the beer?" even if the party is going to be elsewhere than my current location. "Who is taking the beer" sounds odd, or at least doesn't mean the same thing. –  Marthaª Nov 22 '10 at 22:06
    
Right, because your focus is on you and your pals, not on the party. This is precisely what I said. –  birdus Nov 23 '10 at 4:52

In english the original meaning has been lost due to users bad use, so know it doesnt "sound" incorrect to say so, eventhough it is.

But if you take spanish as a example you will see that the difference between taking and bringing is crutial and cant be exchanged.

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@opinion I wish to correct you. The original meaning has only been lost in American English. I can tell you that the difference still exists in South African English. –  Farrel Jan 28 '12 at 21:55

The bringing the beer to the party sentence is an excellent example but unfortunately it is used incorrectly by so many. All you have to consider is the perspective of the conveyor of the beer and the perspective of where they are moving it to. Consider the following sentences:

Let's go to the party and take some beer.

Where is the perspective of the speaker (Where they are at now? It doesn't matter where as long as they are not at the party.) Where is the beer being moved to? (To the party) Given these conditions the correct form is take.

The same people are now at the party. Great you brought the beer! Perspective (At the point of transference) It's a simple thing really but many people mess it up. Two people are packing for a trip. One asks the other: Are you bringing toothpaste? This is incorrect. Their perpective is at their house where they are packing and they will be transferring the toothpaste to their point of destination. The correct way to say it is: Are you taking tootpaste? When they get there they could then ask: Did you bring toothpaste?

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Yikes !!! The whole discussion sounds weird. I grew up in Newfoundland,where our teachers told us that we could use American or UK spelling etc.,just not two different ones in the same sentence,paragraph,or whatever(for the same word,I mean).I was an honors student(or should I use the French spelling of honours?),and have never been contradicted on my use of bring/take.....until recently when a 70-year old friend started "correcting" me.He'd bought something and it wasn't working,so I said to bring it back to the store.....he replied that I must say....take it back to the store....and explained why. Seventy years of being well-educated and very literate.....and I have never even heard of this distinction. I do use both words,but just by automatic feel,not by consciously choosing one or the other. For most,not all,but most purposes, I really cannot see the difference. I will note that since 1966 I have lived in Australia....25 years in Sydney....no questioning re my use of the word "b ring"....in Brisbane area from 1991 on,and a few times now my usage has been "corrected". So maybe there are national and regional differences.

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Is there some reason most people seem totally unwilling to use the word take? I heard the ultimate in silliness today when a radio newsperson said that the new Orion spacecraft “will be used to bring astronauts to Mars.”

The misuse of bring in this way used to be (40 years ago) the sign of someone from the New York area, but now it is nation-wide. In fact, is transnational.

All online grammar guides still point out the difference, but no one seems to care.

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If "no one seems to care" about some pedant's distinction, doesn't it seem more likely the pedant is "wrong", rather than the people - who by their use of language, define what is and isn't "okay"? –  FumbleFingers Aug 10 at 16:32
    
It’s perfectly normal for someone to bring something with them when they go somewhere. You may not like it, but this has never changed a thing. –  tchrist Aug 10 at 16:46

protected by tchrist Aug 10 at 16:41

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