Which flavor, British English or American English, first standardised its modern spellings?
I'm mostly interested in the direction of alteration; for example, was the u dropped from colour or was the u added to color? I'm interested in a general answer rather than an answer to this specific example, though.
The history of dictionary releases seems to indicate that British was standardised first:
- British, 1604: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_Alphabeticall (perhaps too Olde English?)
- British, 1755: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Dictionary_of_the_English_Language
- American, 1828: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Webster%27s_Dictionary
However, I'm not certain that any of those three dictionaries represents a modern enough standard to be considered the first real standard of English for either dialect.
Clearly both languages have evolved since their initial standardisation, but which set of spellings was standardised first?
Edit: To clarify, I'm interested in the chronology rather than repute or popularity. Which dialect had its modern (by which I mean contemporary, present-day) spellings published or released in a dictionary first?