I have read few sentences which has "have had". I would like to know in what kind of situations we will have to use this?
- Anybody can ask a question
- Anybody can answer
- The best answers are voted up and rise to the top
"Have had" is using the verb have in the present perfect tense.
Consider the present tense sentence:
This means that I have a lot of homework now.
On the other hand, we use the present perfect tense to describe an event from the past that has some connection to the present. Compare the following two sentences:
If I only say had, this means that "having a lot of homework this week" is a completed event, either because there is no expectation of more homework, or because the week is over.
If I say "have had", I connect the event to the present, so it is possible that I might have more homework, and I could say something like this on, e.g., a Wednesday (in the middle of the week).
Another example will illustrate the importance of the connection to now:
In the first sentence here, using had, the sentence is fine. But using "have had", the sentence is ungrammatical, because "last year" is always a completed event that is not connected to the present. But, as we know, the present perfect tense means that there is a connection to the present. So, the sentence sounds wrong, because the verb and the time are contradicting each other.
We might think about a bit of logic. If we memorize phrases, we may fail to comprehend what meaning there is for grammar to bring. :)
Have can be a head verb.
I HAVE a book. (I own a book.)
I HAVE fresh strawberries at least once a week. (I eat strawberries.)
Have can be an auxiliary.
I have HAD this book for twenty years. I keep returning to it.
I have HAD fresh strawberries every week, for half a year. My cholesterol is lower.
Compare the Causative:
I have HAD my copy of the book replaced. Twenty years is some wear and tear. (I've had it printed on demand)
I have HAD fresh strawberries pre-ordered with my weekly shopping. (The shop assistant suggested it.)
For the bit of logic, we can think about a time frame.
I HAVE a book. (I close my time frame on the Present. I consider the Present.)
I have HAD a book. (I open the time frame. I consider the Present and the Past, some 20 years ago.)
I have HAD the book replaced. (My time frame is open.)
I HAD the book replaced. (My time frame is closed on the Past.)
This way, we learn about the structure of language, not select patterns only. If you would be interested, step-by-step:
"I had a lot of homework this week." - past simple of have meaning the homework for this week is finished.
"I have a lot of homework this week." - present simple of have meaning the homework for this week, up to now, is unfinished.
"I have had a lot of homework this week." - present perfect of have meaning the homework for this week, up to now, is finished.
protected by Community♦ Jul 3 '13 at 10:13
Thank you for your interest in this question.
Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).
Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?