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From my earlier question, I got “rising” in the following citation means getting up from the bed.

1.(Harry was sitting up on a bed in the hospital wing at school, surrounded by his visitors. Fudge, one of them, started to insult Harry.)

"Insane," whispered Fudge, still backing away. "Mad ..."

And then there was silence. Madam Pomfrey was standing frozen at the foot of Harry's bed, her hands over her mouth. Mrs. Weasley was still standing over Harry, her hand on his shoulder to prevent him from rising. Bill, Ron, and Hermione were staring at Fudge. (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (4) [US Version]: p.709)

Then I came across another rise, which obviously means getting angry.

2.(Malfoy provoked Harry and Ron.)(They are not sitting or kneeling.)

"Don't rise," Hermione whispered imploringly to Harry and Ron, who were both watching Malfoy, faces set and fists clenched. "It's what he wants…." (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (5) [US Version]: p.361)

No.1 means getting out from the bed and No.2 means getting angry or upset. That's okay, but I'd like to know why rise in No.1 meaning is so obvious. I'd appreciate it if you could clarify it for me.

Side Note:

Actually, I have a guess about what determines the meaning of rise and that's as follows; When the person who is told to rise has already been up on his feet, the rise means getting angry. On the other hand, when the person has been sitting or else, the rise means assuming a standing position or getting out from the bed.

There might not be such a rule. But in that case, I can’t figure out why rise in No.1 definitely means getting out from the bed, because Harry is insulted and anyone would get excited in the situation. It's not surprising Mrs. Weasley prevented him from getting excited. Besides, a dictionary says putting a hand on one’s shoulder sometimes expresses restraining someone's excitement. (eg. Jonathan was outraged. Fletcher, seeing his face, put a hand sharply on his shoulder and said, "Don't say anything you might regret…." )

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This seems like mostly a matter of general reference to me: dictionary.reference.com/browse/rise for example. The meaning of "to revolt or rebel" is derived somewhat metaphorically from the other meanings, I would say. –  Karl Knechtel Nov 5 '11 at 7:59
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Context. There's no simple rule, and I am sure people can come up with texts where the meaning is ambiguous. Rise, meaning "stand up (from sitting, lying, etc.)" is the more common meaning; I'd consider the "get angry" meaning to be slang. So it makes sense when Hermione says it, but I don't think it's something that the narrator would say in a Harry Potter book. And of course, the dictionary gives many more meanings of rise than just these two. –  Peter Shor Nov 5 '11 at 11:32
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I think the colloquial rise=get angry owes more to the stock phrase rise to the bait than peasants rising in revolt. As does bite=respond [to a taunt or question]. –  FumbleFingers Nov 5 '11 at 13:14
    
@Peter Shor That was a really big help. Thanks. –  user7493 Nov 7 '11 at 0:04
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2 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

The use of rise in the first example is literal. In the second, it’s figurative, and refers to the way in which fish rise to the bait.

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In the second example, the verb "rise" gives me the feeling it means "don't rise to the occasion", ie don't do what boys do in cases like this one, when everyone expects them to fight when provoked. I don't know why it doesn't appear in its full form. Usually, the expression "rise to the occasion" is used to speak positively about meeting the demands of a situation. Since fighting is viewed as proof of masculinity and courage by boys (whereas girls have a different opinion), I'd say Hermione is asking them not to do what is expected of them at that given moment.

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