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Some examples would include:

  • Shakespearean
  • Christian
  • Mesmerized
  • Pavlovian
  • Newtonian
  • Boolean
  • Darwinian
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Nymonym? Nomonym? – Hugo Oct 18 '11 at 20:16
Christ is not a name. – TRiG Nov 7 '13 at 17:08
up vote 7 down vote accepted

Those are eponymous adjectives. Wikipedia says:

An eponymous adjective is an adjective which has been derived from the name of a person, real or fictional. Persons from whose name the adjectives have been derived are called eponyms.

It follows with a more-or-less comprehensive list that might be worth looking at.

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