Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I instinctively translate it "as best as you can", however this makes no sense. What is the real structure behind this phrase?

I'll include an Ngram to illustrate the historical presence of this phrase:

Whatever the structure is, I'm guessing that it has something to do with 19th century grammar.

share|improve this question
add comment

6 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

"As best you can" is an idiom with archaic syntax. A more modern version would be "as you can best", though that is still not particularly normal today.

"As well as you can" is a different construction.

As various people have said "as best as you can" is a blend of the two constructions (with the opacity of "as best you can" contributing to the confusion).

[Made an answer on drmj65's request.]

share|improve this answer
add comment

Best is the superlative not only of the adjective good, but also of the adverb well and has the meaning, in the OED’s definition, in the most excellent way, in the most eminent degree; in the most suitable manner, with the greatest advantage, to the fullest extent. As best you can means in the best possible way you are able. You might well wonder why it isn’t as best as you can. After all, we say as well as you can and, as David says, as tightly as you can. I can’t give you the answer to that without further research, but I cannot agree with David that it is in any way incorrect or 'sloppy'. It is an established part of the language and well attested across several centuries. The OED has numerous citations illustrating it. Here just three examples:

She . . . bundled up her hair as best she might (1862).

When they died she callously got rid of their bodies as best she could (1870).

Unable to stop himself, he simply moved off and away, leaving her to contend with Al's homage-laden stupor as best she might (1998).

share|improve this answer
2  
It is an idiom which preserves archaic syntax: a more normal order today would be "as you can best", though that is still rather awkward. There is nothing sloppy, as it is a completely different construction from "as well as you can". –  Colin Fine Oct 5 '11 at 10:29
    
@Colin: Thank you and +1! As soon as I saw as you can best, I saw the light. I'd accept it if it was an answer! In fact, if you don't make an answer, I will, and accept myself. –  Daniel Oct 5 '11 at 23:16
    
@Colin: +1: It looks like (from Ngrams) that the current word order won out in first half of the 19th century, and has persisted since. –  Peter Shor Oct 6 '11 at 14:26
add comment

This is a common expression (with the second "as"), but the logically correct version is "as well as you can."

Without the second "as," this is elliptical, meaning it has words left out: "as." In other words, it represents sloppy language use.

Would you say: Pull the rope as tightly you can? No. However, this odd example sentence has the same structure as that which you are proposing. You would write "as tightly as you can."

Even so, "as best as you can" doesn't make logical sense. You could say "give it your best effort" or "to your best ability." The reason why it doesn't make sense is that "best" is a superlative term. Something is the best or not; "best" isn't subject to qualification, as this phrase attempts.

share|improve this answer
    
This doesn't explain the structure behind as best you can; apparently, it means as you can best. –  Daniel Oct 5 '11 at 23:17
add comment

This dictionary defines adverb as

a word which describes or gives more information about a verb, adjective, adverb or phrase

Best is the adverb in "as best you can." It illuminates "as you can" (as you are able) to be "the best you are able."

share|improve this answer
add comment

I suspect, though I don't have my usage books with me, that this is a case of one idiom influencing another. The constructions that "sound right" to a native ear in American English are either "do the best [that] you can" or "do as well as you can". In the first case, "the best" is a noun, the subject of the verb "do" (in the imperative) ("what will I do?" "I will do the best [that] I can"). In the second case, the "as well as" phrase seems to be performing as an adverb modifying "do" ("how will I do it?" "as well as I can.") It's certainly true that "do as best you can" is well attested, but I don't think most Americans would consider it standard usage. As far as grammar goes, superlative or not, it is "missing" the second "as", standard in such adverbial constructions. I imagine that in use the "as" was "swallowed up" by the "best" ("best as" becoming "best's" becoming "best").

share|improve this answer
add comment

Looking at the history of the phrase in Google books, "Do the best you can" was a quite common phrase in the 1700s (although because of the long s, you have to search for "beft" to find it). After "do", "the best you can" is a noun phrase (e.g., "the best job you can"). People seem to have turned it into an adverbial phrase by using "as", giving

try to explain as best you can.

I believe that strictly, this may not be quite correct grammar, but the alternative

try to explain the best you can,

don't seem quite grammatically right to me either. Both of these forms have been present since the late 1700s, and both are still used today.

Certainly, "the best you can" doesn't work in some situations with transitive verbs:

*Procure the best you can two horses ...
Procure as best you can two horses ... ,

which may be the reason that both forms are still in use.

share|improve this answer
    
I think "the best" is a completely different construction, which does not illuminate the question. –  Colin Fine Sep 11 '12 at 23:11
    
@Colin: My theory was that "as best you can" arose from combining the phrases "the best you can" and "as well as you can". But I don't have any real evidence to support it. –  Peter Shor Sep 12 '12 at 1:13
    
I hadn't thought of that possibility, and to me it seems unlikely, since "as best you can" feels like archaic syntax to me. But I hadn't realised that "as best you can" was isolated in the way it seems to be. Or is "as most certainly he did" parallel? –  Colin Fine Sep 12 '12 at 20:17
add comment

protected by RegDwigнt Sep 11 '12 at 20:57

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality answers, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site.

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.